Writer and geographer Jules Verne: biography, family, creativity
Jules Verne is a writer and geographer, a recognized classic of adventure literature, the founder of the science fiction genre. He lived and worked in the 19th century. According to UNESCO statistics, Vern’s works rank second in the world in the number of translations. The life and work of this amazing person we will consider.
Jules Verne: a biography. Childhood
The writer was born in the small French town of Nantes on February 8, 1828. His father owned legal counter and was very famous among the townspeople. Mother, Scottish by birth, she loved art and even taught literature at a local school for a while. It is believed that it was she who instilled in her son a love for books and directed him to the writing path. Although his father saw in him only the continuer of his business.
Since childhood, Jules Verne, whose biography is presented here, was between two fires, brought up by such dissimilar people.No wonder he doubted which path to take. At school, I read a lot, my mother picked up books for him. But having matured, he decided to go to lawyers, for which he went to Paris.
Already as an adult, he will write a small autobiographical essay in which he will talk about his childhood, his father’s desire to teach him the basics of the legal business and his mother’s attempts to raise him as a man of art. Unfortunately, the manuscript was not preserved; only the closest ones read it.
So, upon reaching the age of majority, Vern goes to Paris to study. At this time, the pressure from the family was so strong that the future writer literally runs away from home. But in the capital, he does not find the long-awaited peace. The father decides to continue to send his son, so he secretly tries to help him enroll in the law faculty. Vern finds out about it, fails the exams on purpose and tries to enter another university. This goes on until only one department of jurisprudence remains in Paris, where the young man has not yet tried to enter.
Vern brilliantly passed the exams and studied for the first six months, when he learned that one of the teachers had known his father for a long time and was his friend.This was followed by a large family quarrel, after which the young man did not communicate with his father for a long time. Nevertheless, in 1849 he graduated from law school Jules Verne. Qualification at the end of training - license of law. However, he is not in a hurry to return home and decides to stay in Paris. By this time, Vern is already beginning to cooperate with the theater and met with such masters as Victor Hugo and Alexander Dumas. He directly tells his father that he will not continue his work.
The next few years are in dire need of Jules Verne. The biography even shows that the writer spent half his life on the street, as there was nothing to pay for the room. But this did not lead him to return to the path chosen by his father and become a lawyer. In these difficult times, the first work of Verne was born.
One of his friends at the university, seeing his plight, decides to arrange a meeting with the main historic Parisian theater. A potential employer studies the manuscript and realizes that he is an incredibly talented writer. So in 1850, the performance of Vern’s play “Brokenstraws. She brings the writer the first fame, and well-wishers appear, ready to finance his work.
Cooperation with the theater continues until 1854. This period biographers Verna called the initial career writer. At this time, formed the main stylistic features of his texts. Over the years of theatrical work, the writer has released several comedies, stories and the libretto. Many of his works continued to be staged for many more years.
He brought out a lot of useful skills from the collaboration with the theater Jules Verne. Books of the next period are very different in their themes. Now the writer was thirsty for adventures, he wanted to describe what no author could yet do. This is how the first cycle, called “Unusual Journeys”, is born.
In 1863 the first work of the cycle “Five weeks in a balloon” was printed. Readers praised him highly. The reason for the success was that Vern complemented the romantic line with adventurous and fantastic details - for that time it was an unexpected innovation. Realizing his success, he continued to write in the same style as Jules Verne. Books come out one by one.
“Extraordinary Journeys” brought the writer fame and glory, first in his homeland, and then in the world. His novels were so multifaceted that everyone could find something interesting for themselves. Literary criticism saw in Jules Vernet not just the founder of a fantasy genre, but also a person who believes in scientific and technological progress and the power of reason.
Jules Verne's travels were not only on paper. Most of all the writer loved sea voyages. He even had three yachts that bore the same name - "Saint-Michel." In 1859, Vern traveled to Scotland and England, and in 1861 - to Scandinavia. Six years after that, I went on a transatlantic cruise on the famous Great Eastern steamer in the USA, saw Niagara Falls, visited New York.
In 1878, the writer on his yacht already travels around the Mediterranean Sea. On this trip he traveled to Lisbon, Gibraltar, Tangier and Algeria. Later, he also sailed again to England and Scotland.
Jules Verne's travels are becoming increasingly large-scale. And in 1881 he set off on a great voyage to Germany, Denmark and the Netherlands. The plans were also visiting St. Petersburg, but this idea was prevented by the storm. The last expedition of the writer took place in 1884.Then he visited Malta, Algeria and Italy, as well as in a number of other Mediterranean countries. These journeys formed the basis of many of Verne’s novels.
The reason for the termination of travel was an accident. In March 1886, Vern was attacked and severely wounded by the mentally ill nephew Gaston Vern.
In his youth, the writer was in love several times. But all the girls, despite the signs of attention from Vern, were getting married. It upset him so much that he founded a circle called "Dinners of Eleven Bachelors", which included his familiar musicians, writers and artists.
Verina's wife was Honorina de Vian, who came from a very wealthy family. The writer met her in the small town of Amiens. Vern came here to celebrate his cousin's wedding. Six months later, the writer asked for the hand of her lover.
Jules Verne's family lived happily. Spouses loved each other and did not need anything. A son was born in marriage, who was named Michel. At birth, the father of the family was not present, since at that time he was in Scandinavia. Growing up, Verna's son seriously took up cinematography.
The works of Jules Verne were not only bestsellers of their time, they remain in demand and loved by many today. In total, the author wrote more than 30 plays, 20 novellas and short stories and 66 novels, among which are unfinished and published only in the 20th century. The reason that Vern's interest in the work does not subside is the writer's ability not only to create vivid storylines and describe amazing adventures, but also to depict interesting and lively characters. His characters are attractive no less than the events that happen to them.
We list the most famous works of Jules Verne:
- "Journey to the Center of the Earth."
- "From Earth to the Moon".
- "Lord of the world".
- "Around the Moon".
- "Around the world in 80 Days".
- "Mikhail Strogov."
- "Flag of the Motherland".
- "15-year-old captain."
- "20,000 leagues under the water", etc.
But in his novels, Vern not only talks about the greatness of science, but also warns: knowledge can also be used for criminal purposes. Such an attitude to progress is typical of the late works of the writer.
"The Children of Captain Grant"
The novel was published in parts from 1865 to 1867. It became the first part of the famous trilogy, which was continued by “20,000 leagues under the water” and “The Mysterious Island”.The work has a three-part form and is divided depending on who is the main character of the story. The main goal of travelers is to find Captain Grant. For this they have to go to South America, Australia and New Zealand.
"Children of Captain Grant" recognized as one of the best novels of Vern. This is an excellent example of not only adventure literature, but also youth literature, so it will be easy for even a schoolboy to read it.
This is a robinzonad novel that was published in 1874. Is the final part of the trilogy. The action of the work unfolds on a fictional island, where Captain Nemo decided to settle, sailing there on the submarine Nautilus he had created. Accidentally on the same island get five heroes who fled from captivity in a balloon. They begin to master the desert lands, in which they are assisted by scientific knowledge. However, it soon becomes clear that the island is not so uninhabited.
Jules Verne (biography does not confirm that he was seriously engaged in science) predicted in his novels a lot of discoveries and inventions. We list the most interesting of them:
- Space flights, including interplanetary. Also, the writer predicted a number of moments of space exploration, for example, the use of aluminum in the construction of the car-shell.
- Scuba diving
- Electric chair.
- The aircraft, including the inverted thrust vector, and a helicopter.
- The construction of the Trans-Mongolian and Trans-Siberian highways.
But the writer had unsuccessful assumptions. For example, the underground strait located under the Suez Canal was never discovered. It also became impossible to fly a cannon shell to the moon. Although it was because of this error Tsiolkovsky decided to study the space flight.
For his time, Jules Verne was an amazing man who was not afraid to look into the future and dream of scientific discoveries that even scientists could not assume.