Wine decanters - definition and use
Wine culture involves the use of devices such as wine decanters. A simple and original solution to emphasize and more fully reveal the full range of flavors and smells of the proposed drink. At present, the sommelier of the high-end restaurant will definitely offer the client a process of decanting the wine he ordered.
The essence of the chemical process of decanting means the release of liquid from the suspension. It is no secret that over time, old aged wines “acquire” sediment. In order to avoid getting into the glass when pouring wine, the liquid is first poured into a special vessel - decanter. In shape, it resembles a flask from the chemistry classroom.
Wine decanters used in ancient Rome. True, initially they served more for beauty. Refined vessels looked much better on tables than bulky earthenware jugs.
Today, such a specialized wine decanter has three main functions:
- helps to clear the product of sediment;
- saturates the liquid with oxygen;
- instills a culture of wine consumption, adjusts to receive true pleasure from the taste and smell of the drink.
It is interesting to observe the process, especially if the expert knows his business and presents it as a sacrament or an ancient ritual:
- first, no more than 50 grams are poured and the walls of the decanter are rinsed (this wine is poured into a special container);
- then the wine is poured using a wax candle - the flame allows you to see when the sediment "comes" to the neck of the bottle, at this point the filling stops.
Even the transfusion of liquids has its own secrets: the wine carafe must be filled along the wall. The bottle tilts at such an angle that the liquid flows smoothly without creating a reverse movement.
There are two types of vessels. They have a different purpose:
- Young varieties are poured into decanters for wine with a wide bottom and a narrow neck. The task of the carafe is to saturate it with oxygen, release the taste and aroma of the unopened young drink. The shape of the throat is funnel-shaped.Such a “flared” neck will allow the wine to flow out like a fan, thus the contact area increases, and accordingly the wine is aerated more actively. A little trick when pouring the drink into the decanter - the level of the wine should slightly not reach the level of the widest part of the vessel. There are containers of unusual spiral shape. While the wine flows through all the convolutions of the vessel, it is saturated with oxygen. Decantation time can be different from half an hour to several hours. To speed up the oxidation process, the decanter with the drink is shaken vigorously, while avoiding mixing of the wine.
- For old, seasoned varieties use a slightly different form. They are spherical containers with narrow necks. The main task is to prevent the sediment from entering the glass and prevent the wine from coming into contact with the air for a long time. As a rule, they are poured into a decanter immediately before serving.
- Vessels in the form of a vase or amphora perfectly suit delicate rosé wines. For white varieties used vessels with a lid. This container allows you to preserve the properties of the drink.Excessive oxygen saturation can adversely affect the taste of wine.
For all drinks there is one rule: the wine poured into the decanter should be consumed on the same day.
Few materials exist from which high-quality decanters can be made:
- high-quality glass, without any impurities, transparent, the absence of the pattern will help emphasize the dignity and beauty of wine;
- Pure crystal is used for the production of expensive, sometimes exclusive models.
To decorate the vessel using nickel silver, silver, gold. They are made of coasters, pens, lids. Any finish should not interfere with the contemplation of the drink. Experts believe that the corrugated or colored surface of the decanter can hopelessly spoil the taste of the wine.
The use of wood, even the most expensive and rare varieties, is unacceptable. Wine decanters cannot be ceramic or clay.
Special dishes require special care. The presence of fingerprints, chips or the presence of foreign odors is unacceptable on vessels. Do not use active chemicals for washing and do not use a dishwasher.Before washing, prepare purified water, and only special neutral detergents.
Wine decanters are washed by hand by a professional brush. A special type of bristles does not fall out and does not remain on the glass surface. Outside wipe with special wipes. The vessel is dried and stored on a stand in an inverted position at an angle, always separate from the rest of the dishes.
Crystal decanter is considered the best. The price of such a product is quite high, and the availability of precious metal finishes can increase it to several thousand dollars. This carafe is perfect for a gift.
A vessel simpler will cost 15-20 dollars. More complex forms of the decanter will cost $ 50-70. All of them are made of high-quality glass and perfectly perform their basic functions. For home use, choose a decanter according to your taste and financial possibilities.