When and how often can X-rays be made for children?
One of the first methods to make diagnostics without surgery was X-ray. With his help it became possible to determine the condition of internal organs, bones.
However, the rays used during the studyare radioactive. In large quantities, they are harmful to the body. Therefore, parents reasonably raises the question of how often it is possible to do X-rays to children. Modern methods of studying the body allow you to diagnose without this method. But in some cases you can not do without it.
X-rays to children are prescribed only in those cases,when other approaches are inappropriate. Each parent will agree that it is better to do an x-ray than to treat antibiotics with pneumonia, which is not really there.
To understand how often it is possible to do an X-raychildren and its harm is as great for a growing organism, it is necessary to understand the essence of this method. The rays passing through the tissues of the body leave a clear picture of the state of internal systems on the film. This is a reliable method of diagnosis. Therefore, it is still used in various fields of medicine.
X-rays are radioactive.The greatest influence they have on new, developing cells. Therefore, such an effect can negatively affect the work of the body. Radiation in large quantities leads to the formation of radiation sickness. Cell mutations and the appearance of a tumor are also possible.
However, modern X-ray machinesradiate radiation rays in such small doses that once they can not harm the body. Their total amount affects the body in the same way as staying 2-3 days in the territory of a large industrial city. However, x-rays are prescribed only in extreme cases.
Harm to the child
Asking about how often you can doX-ray to the child, it is necessary to understand what harm the procedure can cause. Children due to their physiological characteristics are 2-3 times more susceptible to radiation than adults.
Longer life, the forthcoming child, createstheoretically greater potential for the manifestation over time of various consequences of a somatic and genetic nature. Also it should be remembered that in children the organs are located closer to each other. Their development is quite uneven in dynamics. This creates an additional risk of developing pathologies due to such effects.
Another important factor that increasesrisk for the health of the child, is the location of his red bone marrow. It is he who is most susceptible to irradiation. The distribution of red bone marrow in children is not the same as in adults. In toddlers, it is more concentrated in the limbs and skull. Therefore, to irradiation of these sites are particularly demanding.
At what age do X-rays?
Pediatricians are often asked questions about how,is it permissible and how often can X-rays be given to a baby? This procedure is necessary in a number of cases. With a fracture of the jaw, nose, hip joints after the child's passage of the birth canal requires exactly X-ray. Also, in the process of the appearance of the baby in light in especially difficult cases, trauma to the skull is possible. In all these situations, an X-ray examination can be performed in the first week after the birth of the child.
In this case, the kid is placed in a special box. It contains a certain protection system. Therefore, the rays pass exclusively in the area under investigation. This procedure is performed at the lowest radiation levels. For this, the equipment must be a new sample.
X-rays are given to an infant only if there is a pathology that threatens life and development.
Studying the question of how often one can doX-rays to children up to a year and older, parents should familiarize themselves with the existing recommendations. First of all, if you can not do without such a survey, you should pay attention to the type of equipment for examination.
If a medical facility is usedapparatus of the old sample, the irradiation will be higher than in the new models. If it is required to pass an X-ray to a child, it is better to do it in the hospital where the equipment is regularly updated. Such devices give a clear picture with minimal irradiation.
Experienced staff of a medical institution can correctly select the level of radiation exposure. The means of protection will protect other systems of the body from exposure to X-rays.
There are several main areas of the survey,where you may need to take an X-ray. Dentistry is one of them. Studying how often it is possible to do X-rays to children under 3 years old and older, it is necessary to consult WHO recommendations. This organization claims that annual exposure should not exceed 3 mSv / year. In quantitative terms this is about 5-6 times a year.
But it all depends on the type of equipment and typesurvey. With dental examinations, the radiation level is so small that the number of pictures that can be taken will be quite large. This is required if you need to decide whether to remove the tooth or treat it. Also, if chronic periodontitis occurs or the root canal is filled, a similar examination is required before the infection of the apex of the root. X-rays are needed when determining teeth rudiments. In some cases, a panoramic examination of the jaw is required.
Chest X-ray and digestive system
Studying how often it is possible to do x-rays to children,should pay attention to the examination of the chest and food tract. This type of diagnosis is never applied if there are no obvious signs of the disease.
The digestive system is examined by the presented method when foreign objects enter the body.
Chest organs are alsopresence of characteristic symptoms of certain diseases. The children do not undergo fluorography annually until they are 18 years old. If there are signs of the development of pneumonia or tuberculosis, the picture is taken without projection. With an enlarged Mantoux, X-rays are not performed without the presence of other symptoms.
X-rays of the joints are necessary for injuries (fractures,dislocations), as well as suspected dysplasia. In infants, this examination is complicated by the presence of large quantities of cartilaginous tissue. Because of this, the result may be unreliable.
Asking the pediatrician how often one can doX-rays to children with dysplasia, trauma, parents receive ambiguous answers. On the one hand, one-time irradiation will not affect the health of the baby, but on the other, certain rules of protection are required. Hip joints are one of the most dangerous areas for examination. Sexual organs should not be irradiated in any way. To do this, they are closed with special material. All areas of the body of a toddler during such surveys should also be protected.
Another area in which x-rays are performed is the examination of the skull. This is required if a head injury occurs or if a tumor is suspected.
Asking how often you can dox-ray nose child should consider the features of this procedure. Irradiation of this part of the body is carried out only in emergency cases in the presence of a serious injury.
When sinus x-rays are never carried out. The structure of the maxillary sinuses in young children has some peculiarities. It is not possible to obtain a reliable picture of the processes occurring in this area.
Since the bone marrow of children is affectedradiation, in the region of the skull x-rays are performed very rarely, and only when the danger to the baby’s body during treatment without this diagnosis is significant.
X-ray examination in childrenmay differ significantly compared with the procedure for adults. In the office where the x-ray is made, there must be special fixers. This allows you to immobilize the area investigated by such exposure. Therefore, studying how often x-rays can be made to children, they also take into account the psychological factor.
In some cases, the child needsimmobilize medication, make anesthesia. This is necessary when conducting long-term tomography. Fixing allows you to increase the chance of getting a good picture.
You do not need to re-do X-rays andonce again irradiate the baby. In the process of examination, the child’s body is protected with special linings. If they are made of lead, the material should be in a case.
First of all, the eyes, the thyroid gland, and the urogenital system require protection. With the right approach, the procedure can be completely safe.
Considering how often you can x-ray children,it will be easier to not be afraid to carry out such a procedure several times a year. The process requires the use of proper protection. The newer equipment used in the survey, the less exposure the child receives. Modern devices can reduce radiation exposure to negligibly small indicators.