What you need to decoupage the bottle? What do you need for decoupage a novice?
The word decoupage literally translated from French means "cutting" or "cutting." Consequently, decoupage is a technique for decorating an object with cut paper motifs.
History of decoupage technique
Decoupage is a very ancient decorative technique for decorative items and furniture, which consists in scrupulously cutting out illustrations from various materials (paper, fabric, etc.) and then attaching them to the surface to be decorated.
The origins of technology lead to the Middle Ages. Although decoupage as an art form is mentioned for the first time in the 15th century in Germany, it gained its greatest popularity in the 17th century in Venice, where furniture inlaid with Chinese and Japanese motifs was in fashion at the time. But such a passion was not available to everyone. Therefore, the Venetian masters invented to do imitations of inlays with the help of cut out images that were glued to the surface of the produced furniture.
The popularity of this idea grew, the process technique was constantly improved, and the decoupage reached the peak of its glory in 18th century England. At that time, not only furniture was decorated in this way, but entire rooms.
The decoupage technique has not lost its relevance to this day.
What is decoupage for?
Decoupage is used when decorating hats, shoes, accessories (bracelets, watches), plates and trays, Christmas-tree decorations, while creating exclusive interior items.
Thanks to this technique, you can easily turn an old box or vegetable box into a stylish interior item. A bottle that should have been thrown away, in capable hands, can turn into an irreplaceable flower vase.
But this is not all, for which decoupage is needed. This technique not only saves on the acquisition of new items of interior, but also breathes new life into them, turning them into unique things that cannot be found in the store.
What materials are needed for decoupage?
Today there are a lot of things that facilitate and accelerate the traditional technique of the process. Experienced craftsmen will not be difficult to select the necessary "ingredients" for a particular type of work (for example, for decorating a plate). But for beginners, the modern variety of tools and materials sometimes even scares.
Every day in big cities there are more and more special shops of goods for creativity. And those who decide to engage in decoupage, because of their inexperience, rush to exactly where polite consultants will try to sell branded materials and tools. But more often in ordinary stationery shops you can buy almost everything you need for decoupage a beginner, and at times cheaper. Although it is possible that for some materials still have to go to specialized outlets.
Here is a list of what you need for decoupage a novice:
- sharp scissors;
- synthetic brushes, better with a flat tip (villus drops out of natural ones);
- masking tape;
- hair dryer
- any napkin with a picture, magazine clipping, printout, and the like;
- primer or, more simply, plain white acrylic paint;
- simple PVA glue (perfectly replaces the special glue for decoupage and is much cheaper);
- the smallest emery skin;
- acrylic paints (which paints are needed for decoupage - decide for yourself, it can be either colored or metallic, that is, for gold, silver, bronze, copper, etc., you can buy either as a set or as a piece);
- acrylic lacquer (although it looks milky white, it becomes transparent after drying);
- paint thinner or jetsprit;
- putty on wood, necessary when working with wooden objects.
3. Additional materials:
- crackle (for cracking);
- bitumen (for aging);
- silicone (for 3D effect).
Types of decoupage
Depending on the type of surface to be decorated and the desired effect you want to get, there are five types of decoupage technique.
The most common is direct decoupage. What is needed for beginners and is the most suitable, so it is this technique, which is the basis for all others. Direct decoupage is the application of the image on almost any surface without any extra effects.
For decorating transparent glass objects there is a reverse decoupage technique. Its essence lies in gluing the application on the reverse side of the surface.
Three other techniques are more complex and are not suitable for the beginner decoupageer:
- Artistic decoupage is a combination of several techniques and effects into a whole picture.
- Bulk decoupage.For its implementation, in addition to the standard set of objects, special paste, small pieces of fabric and / or natural materials (pebbles, eggshell) are required.
- Decopatch - a mixture of decoupage and patchwork (patchwork). It is carried out from a set of pieces of paper.
The main stages of work
As well as for any process, so for decorating in decoupage technique there are main stages of work, which are almost always performed in a certain sequence:
- Cleaning the decoration from any impurities (label, bloom) with an alcohol-based solution.
- Surface coating with acrylic varnish.
- Applying a layer of primer or white acrylic paint.
- Re-coating with acrylic varnish.
- Attaching a picture.
- Another layer of acrylic lacquer.
- The process of artistic painting, drawing the main background and so on.
- Covering with acrylic varnish in several layers.
- Decorating, creating various effects (for example, the effect of cracks is achieved by applying a layer of craquelure)
- Drawing the last layer of an acrylic varnish.
When working in reverse decoupage technique, the order of some steps changes: first, a craquelure is applied (if necessary),then the image is attached, then decorating takes place with the help of patterns, stamps, the main background.
Objects for decoupage
The most common items for decoration are various caskets, plates, casement doors and glass containers.
In general, decorating jars and bottles is quite simple. The list of what is needed for decoupage a bottle is practically no different from a typical list: the basic tools and materials are the same.
There is only one caveat when choosing a method of decoration. As stated above, the design of transparent glass surfaces occurs according to the technique of reverse decoupage. This rule is more often applied to flat decorated surfaces such as plates, glass lids or doors and the like. Bottles can be decorated with direct, reverse and both ways together.
What you need to decoupage a bottle is also a definition of what your craft will serve: a vase, a container for oil, or just an ornament for a window sill.
Decoupage decoration is a creative process. But even here there are some moments that do not forgive the mistakes that are characteristic of almost all beginners.
The most common are the following:
- Start working on an unprepared and unprimed surface.
- Do not apply a top coat of acrylic lacquer.
- Haste and haste.
- Untimely washing tools.
- Smoothing the pasted image with your fingers.
- Use gouaches and watercolors instead of acrylic paints.
- Mixing colors right in the jar.
Sometimes it happens that you seem to be doing everything right, observing all the steps and points, and the result is not very beautiful. To prevent this from happening to you, use the tips of decoupage masters:
- It is impossible to hold the brush on the same place more than twice.
- It should be good to squeeze the brush from the glue.
- Stir the paint with a small margin, so you will have something to tint the edges of the appliqué or background after drying.
- The surface of plastic must be made a little rough with sandpaper, so that neither paint nor illustration may come off it.
- Before you start decorating an iron can, you should apply a base coat on it, because without it the paint will quickly peel off.
- To achieve a uniform background coating, apply paint not with a brush, but with a foam sponge with the smallest holes.
- Do not regret the varnish for the final layer, i.e. cover in several layers.
- Before pasting pictures printed from magazines or other paper, they should be wetted, then the likelihood of wrinkles is reduced.
- The application pasted on a dark background becomes almost invisible, so avoid dark colors or apply a light background under the picture.
- Craquelure sponge, then the cracks will be smaller and "run" in different directions.