What can you eat with gastritis of the stomach?
Analyzing the topic of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, it is worth highlighting separately the issue affecting the list of products allowed for consumption. After all, no matter how effective the treatment is, its effectiveness depends a lot on adherence to a special diet. Moreover, its composition varies not only depending on the type of the disease, but also on many other factors. Therefore, it is important to know what you can eat with gastritis, which foods can cause aggravation, and which foods are even beneficial.
Currently, this stomach disease is considered quite common. According to statistics, they suffer from at least half of the inhabitants of the Earth. What is this diagnosis?
This is an inflammation of the inner (mucous) lining of the stomach, which can be caused by various causes - from malnutrition and bad habits to the uncontrolled use of strong medicines. The primary manifestation is called acute gastritis.At this stage, it is important to consult a doctor promptly, otherwise the disease will subsequently become chronic and will manifest several times a year, forcing you to follow a certain diet. The list of foods that can be consumed with gastritis is rather limited - it is fresh, unsalted and non-greasy food, which many people don’t like. In more detail the question of what you can eat during gastritis, we will discuss below. Now let's find out where this disease comes from.
Causes of development
In order for readers to better understand what kind of life can lead to the development of gastritis, we give a list of the most common reasons for its occurrence:
- Malnutrition, which is expressed in the abundance of dry, spicy, fatty, salty foods, lack of diet and regular consumption of food with preservatives.
- The use of liquids, having in its composition alkali.
- Bad habits. Alcohol, oddly enough, strikes not only the liver, but also other digestive organs. Smoking can also lead to gastritis.
- Long-term use of drugs based on sulfonamides, reserpine and potassium chloride.
- Stress and prolonged nervous tension.
- Chronic iron and vitamin B12 deficiency.
- Diseases associated with the endocrine system - diabetes, thyrotoxicosis, etc.
Other causes of gastritis include various exposures, infections, harmful working conditions and much more.
As we have found out, the disease can be acute and chronic. But whatever the option, it is important to know what you can eat with gastritis of the stomach, and stick to this list. Otherwise, the consequences can be the most unpleasant.
For acute gastritis is characterized by severity and pain just below the junction of the ribs, nausea, which often ends with vomiting. A tongue appears on the tongue, an eructation with the smell of recently eaten food or a rotten egg torments. Symptoms disappear within 2 days.
Signs of chronic gastritis are expressed in most cases as well as acute. Nevertheless, there are differences. Often, the pain and swelling of the stomach appear immediately after a meal, especially with regard to spicy, fatty and salty foods. In no case can such foods be included in the list of what can be eaten during chronic gastritis.Also a symptom of the disease is regular heartburn, and with palpation in the epigastric region, pain is often felt.
How to eat during gastritis
Even for the first time after becoming ill with gastritis, a person understands that food will have to be limited. What used to be the usual food, now may be banned. Therefore, you must know exactly what you can eat and drink during gastritis.
It is important to understand that fatty, fried and spicy foods will have to be abandoned. It is better to switch to boiled and stewed dishes, adding some salt to them. Give preference to dishes at room temperature, avoiding the consumption of hot and cold food - the stomach for gastritis is very sensitive to rapid temperature changes.
Of great importance is the information not only about what you can eat with gastritis, but also how to eat right. It is necessary to draw up a schedule and stick to it, making the interval between meals about 2 hours. Food is recommended to drink a warm drink, and the use of coffee is better to limit. You should not eat later than 2-3 hours before bedtime. At night, the stomach must rest.
Food for acute and chronic gastritis
As we have already found out, acute gastritis differs from chronic in that it appears briefly. Nevertheless, the wrong approach to treatment can cause the development of a more serious disease. If you do not take care of your health in time, you may be prone to gastritis for the rest of your life, which will actively manifest itself several times a year and force you to switch to a special diet.
For those who are serious about their health, you need to know what you can eat with acute gastritis, and what can lead to disastrous consequences. Doctors do not recommend to use tomatoes, watermelons and coffee, as they have an irritating effect on the walls of the stomach. And this applies to both acute and chronic gastritis. Preference should be given to the lungs for the digestive system of the body dairy products such as cottage cheese and kefir, goat milk, bananas and apples. Honey has a healing effect and is able to relieve irritation. But whatever product you choose, it is important to observe moderation - gastritis reduces the efficiency of the stomach, so you should not load it.
Food for erosive and atrophic gastritis
There are various types of this disease. And, of course, each of them requires its own approach.
Erosive gastritis is expressed by the formation of lesions on the inner lining of the stomach. His exacerbation occurs in spring and autumn, and the rest of the time he is in remission. Therefore, the approach in these periods should be different. In the period of remission it is necessary to adhere to the recommendations that were given above. But what can you eat with exacerbation of gastritis? It is best to cook for a couple and mash - so you will save the stomach from damage. Cook vegetables, meat, try to diet was varied. Use milk and boiled cereals.
Those who are faced with the atrophic form of gastritis, doctors recommend to adhere to the same diet. The stomach in this case becomes vulnerable, therefore, requires a special approach. Do not overload it, eat medium portions no more than once every 2 hours, and also refuse to seasoning, sour, spicy, fried and smoked. For those who have wondered what you can eat with atrophic gastritis, it is important to understand that you have to give up sweets and switch to more wholesome foods.
Aggravation of gastritis
Whatever form of chronic gastritis you face, sooner or later you will have an exacerbation. In severe cases, hospitalization may be required, but often the patient can cope with the problem at home. If this trouble has befallen you, do not in any way ignore the list of what can be eaten during the exacerbation of gastritis, otherwise the symptoms may increase, and without a doctor you can’t do without.
On the first day of exacerbation, it is not recommended to eat food at all. The stomach must recover from stress and get in shape, so limit yourself to drinking warm and weak tea. If you suffer from hunger, you can add 1 spoon of honey to tea - it will soothe the digestive system for a bit. But they should not be abused. In the following days, it is recommended to limit the consumption of yesterday's bread (freshly strictly forbidden), semolina, buckwheat and oatmeal, soups, mashed vegetables, lean meat (chicken skin is also prohibited), soft-boiled eggs or omelettes steamed. Eating whole fresh fruit with sandpaper is also not recommended - it is better to use them in baked or shabby form.
The approach to nutrition in peptic ulcer disease is in many respects similar to the nutritional technique suitable for patients with gastritis. The cause of this disease becomes unhealthy diet, stress and depression. As a result, ulcerative formations appear on the stomach walls, causing pain, belching, heartburn and other discomfort. Food in such a situation should be directed primarily to the healing of these injuries, which means that food should not be hard, salty and provoke an abundant secretion of gastric juice.
It is necessary to pay special attention to the list of what you can eat with gastritis and ulcer, and what should be discarded, because the effectiveness of treatment depends on the proper nutrition. Nutritionists recommend to prefer lean meat and fish, vegetable soups without cabbage, cream and sunflower oil, steamed dishes, various mashed potatoes, natural juices and teas of low concentration. The temperature of any dish must be at least 15aboutand no more than 62about. Such a limited diet helps to heal ulcers and reduce irritation of the gastric mucosa.
How to eat children
Faced for the first time with children's diseases of the stomach, parents do not always know that you can eat a child with gastritis.Lack of proper nutrition leads to serious consequences in the future. A child who suffers with gastritis often has to change the diet a lot, abandon many delicacies, which he had previously eaten uncontrollably.
Just like adults, children with gastritis are not recommended to eat spicy and fatty, fried foods, fast food, drink carbonated drinks. In addition, it is necessary to abandon the condiments and chocolate. This is especially important in the period of exacerbation. Boil baby broths with homemade croutons more often, mash vegetables and meats, and teach them to make porridge and milk soups. It is necessary to clearly and strictly explain to the little patient what to eat during gastritis of the stomach, so that the uncontrolled diet at school does not lead to various complications. And whatever the complexity of the disease, you must promptly seek the advice of a doctor. Diets are especially effective when combined with the right medication.
No matter how you struggle with unhealthy diet, a child cannot do without sweets. In any case, he will have to abandon carbonated drinks, chocolate, fatty cakes and pastries.Therefore, in such a situation, the question arises - what can be eaten sweet with gastritis.
In the first place in the list, of course, is honey. It is not only tasty, but also very healthy. The substances contained in it effectively help relieve irritation and normalize the work of the digestive system. Marshmallow without dyes, mashed fruit, jellies, toffee and jam (best homemade) are also allowed. Buying sweets in the store, choose those that contain the least amount of preservatives. And it is better not to buy products with dyes at all.
Contrary to popular belief, patients with gastritis can not eat ice cream. Firstly, it is very fat, and secondly, cold. But even if you warm it, there is still one significant disadvantage - as a rule, popsicle contains a large amount of preservatives, flavors and other harmful additives, so it can not be included in the list of what you can eat during gastritis. This is especially true for iced ice cream.
Diet for gastritis with high acidity
If tests show that you have high acidity, take this seriously. Improper diet, provoking excessive secretion of gastric juice, can only aggravate the situation. Therefore, it is important to know what can be eaten during gastritis of the stomach. ListThe products listed below are suitable for those who suffer from high acidity.
- Dried and yesterday's bread from wheat flour, dry biscuits.
- Pasta boiled.
- Porridge from semolina, rice, buckwheat, oatmeal.
- Milk and vegetable soups, chicken soup.
- Lean fish without the skin - stewed, boiled or steamed.
- Steamed or boiled vegetables cooked in shabby form: potatoes, beets, carrots, cauliflower. You can not wipe pumpkin and zucchini.
- Cooked meat dishes from low-fat chicken, veal, rabbit, as well as liver and tongue.
- Sweet berries and fruits.
- Milk and non-acidic products from it - cottage cheese, kefir, sour cream.
- Soft-boiled eggs - no more than 3 per day. You can also steamed omelette.
- From drinks - broth hips, weak tea and sweet juices.
These products will be enough to fully eat during the period of exacerbation and not feel a lack of tasty and healthy food. During remission, you can return to a normal diet, while avoiding food that is contraindicated in patients with gastritis.
How to eat with low acidity
With this type of disease, as in any other case, it is necessary to adhere to those products that do not irritate the gastric mucosa.A patient who decides to go on a specialized diet should, for a start, decide what to eat during gastritis. The list above is also suitable for this case, but some points must be changed. Some products are not recommended to use with low acidity:
- Whole milk.
- Sour cream and cream.
- Animal refractory fats - yolk, heavy meat (beef and lamb), cheese, cottage cheese, butter.
It is necessary to eat at least 5 times a day, preferably 6. Servings should be medium, not allowing overeating. Of course, the products listed in the previous paragraph are not all that can be eaten during the exacerbation of gastritis. Make mashed fruit (better if it will be apples or bananas), add a small amount of greens, vanilla and cinnamon to the dishes, buy doctor sausage, ham without fat. In small quantities, sturgeon spawn, soaked herring and forshmak.
Folk remedies for gastritis
Not all rely on diet and drug treatment. Many turn to traditional medicine and achieve good results, quickly coping with the exacerbation, reducing pain and other discomfort.
One of the most popular among the people of the funds included in the list of what you can eat with gastritis, and that gives a real result, is honey. But it is impossible to use it more than 150 grams per day. Flax seeds also help. They grind and prepare a decoction that must be drunk once a week. Sea buckthorn oil has a beneficial effect. It should be consumed on an empty stomach, one teaspoon per day.
Fresh potato juice is drunk at 50 grams an hour before meals. The course of treatment is 10 days. Bark of bird cherry brewed in boiling water will help with exacerbation - it is necessary to use it every morning at 50-70 grams. To remove irritation of the gastric mucosa will help decoction of chamomile. Ready-made collection can be purchased at the pharmacy.
Now you know exactly what you can eat with erosive gastritis, atrophic and other forms, what diets to follow and what to give up during the period of exacerbation. In order for treatment to be fast and effective, an integrated approach is needed. Eat right, drink useful decoctions and be sure to visit the doctor - he will monitor the course of treatment and will give many useful recommendations that will help you quickly forget about unpleasant symptoms. Be healthy.