What types of sentences are allocated for the purpose of the utterance: the definition and description
The sentence is a small unit of communication,which is characterized by the completion of intonation. Words are connected by means of prepositions and endings, and also by meaning. What types of sentences are allocated for the purpose of the statement? On the letter, the sentence ends with a period, an exclamation point or a question mark. In addition, he has a grammatical basis, which consists of the subject and the predicate.
Types of simple sentence sentences
Proposals usually convey the following basic forms of thought:
According to the purpose of the statement, three main types of proposals are traditionally distinguished:
This list answers the question of what typesproposals are allocated for the purpose of the utterance. Each species is characterized by a certain set of indicators and structural intonation. They include the following: official words, verb forms and others. Each sentence can have a certain emotional coloring with the help of intonation means and particles.
The main task of the narrative proposal is the transmission of information about events or phenomena to the addressee of the speech.
To receive information from a person it is possible with the help of an interrogative sentence, in which the question about interesting situations or phenomena is formulated.
What types of proposals are allocated by purposestatements? Under the narrative are meant such sentences, in which it is told about some definite fact of reality. It is characterized by a calm and even intonation. If you want to logically select a word, then the tone on it increases, and then it goes down. As a rule, at the end of narrative sentences a dot is put. In such proposals, a complete thought is expressed, based on the judgment, and it may contain a description or a message.
A distinctive feature of narrativesentences is the completeness of their thoughts. It is usually transmitted by means of a special intonation, in which there is an increase in tone on the word that should be logically identified, and at the end of the sentence, a quiet drop in tone occurs. Also, narrative is one of the types of sentences for the purpose of expression in printed advertising.
In composition, narrative sentences can be one-part and two-part. In addition, they are divided into common and non-common.
A narrative sentence can report onintention or desire to do something. It can also be a story about events or actions. In addition, a narrative sentence can serve as a description of something.
What types of proposals are allocated by purposestatements? Such proposals, in which a person asks a stranger something about him or wants to confirm the thought he has expressed, are called interrogative. With the help of them, the speaker wants to get new information about something, as well as the denial or confirmation of any assumption. Such proposals are characterized by a strong increase in tonality on the word that is associated with the question. As a rule, at the end of the interrogative sentence there is always a question mark.
Interrogative sentences have the following means of expression:
- Interrogative words are adverbs and pronouns.
- Word order.
- A certain questioning intonation.
- Particles - is it really, is it not.
Often the following interrogative words are used in such sentences:
- what for;
In addition, the interrogative sentence can be used in the text as a title.
The question can also be used as aexpressive means and do not require an answer, that is, be rhetorical. Such interrogative sentences are used as narrative sentences with emotional coloring:Who can keep love?(A.Pushkin).
When asked about what types of simplesuggestions on the purpose of utterance still, you can answer: incentive. The proposal, which expresses a desire to push someone to the right actions, is called an incentive. It expresses advice, request, desire, warning, threat, call or order:Tyrants of the world! Tremble!(Pushkin). Such proposals are usually addressed to a third party or interlocutor. The intonational color of an incentive can be different: at the end of it an exclamation point or a dot may be placed depending on what it expresses. Such sentences are characterized by an incentive intonation: strengthening the voice and increasing the tone. Gramatically incentive proposals are made up of particles, motivational intonation, interjections, verbal forms:You would have left, Nastya(Leonov).
The intention or desire of the speaker himself to do something is not an incentive.
Emotional coloring offers
Narrative, interrogative and motivationaloffers can have a certain emotional color. The transmission of emotions through special service words and intonation is characterized by an exclamation sentence. Feelings of anger, joy, fear, admiration are transmitted through interjections and exclamation intonation:Come on, Tanya, talk!(M. Gorky). This sentence is stimulating and emotional by intonation, it expresses vexation and impatience.
Emotionality in exclamation sentences is created using the following words:
- what the.
In exclamation sentences are expressed various feelings (hatred, fear, anger, doubt, surprise), as well as motivation (request, order).