What questions does the predicate answer?
The predicate denotes any action or condition of the subject, is one of the main members of the sentence along with the subject. Consider what questions the predicate answers.
- What is (subject, person)? Examples: The picture (what?) Is beautiful; The man (what?) Is good.
- What does (face, object)? What will make (face, object)? These questions are also presented in past and future times. Examples: Marina used to do drawing (what did she do?); He (what does he do?) Plays the piano; The boys (what will they do?) Will play football with their rivals.
- Who is he (person)? What is it (this) is (subject)? Examples: He (who is he?) Is an engineer; This device (what is it?) Is a telescope.
- What happens to him (with the face)? What is being done with it? Example: Data (what is done with them? You can also set: what do they do?) Are transferred to the site.
The predicate is both nominal and verb. A simple verbal predicate is expressed in the form of a mood.
- Indicative mood: Children (what do they do?) Play in the yard.
- Imperative: (What do you do?) Draw me the sun!
- Subjunctive: I would (what would I do?) Go on a trip if I had money.
The compound verb predicate is formed from several verbs - the auxiliary verb plus the verb in an indefinite form. Examples:
- What did you do? - he stopped jumping;
- What is he doing? - he wants to swim away;
- What will do? - it will work.
A compound nominal predicate contains a word (verb-link) expressing not only the exact grammatical meaning of this predicate, but also its nominal part (noun or adjective) that conveys the meaning of the verb. Examples:
- He was kinder than his brother. He was what? - was kinder. "Was" here - a verb-bunch, "kinder" - a comparative adjective. all together - a composite nominal predicate.
- She is now a teacher. Who is she - the teacher. There is no verb-bunch, so the bunch in this sentence is zero. The word "teacher" is the nominal part of the predicate, expressed by the noun in the accusative case. So, in this example, "she" will be the subject, "teacher" - predicate.
- The sky seemed close. The sky did what? - seemed close."It seemed" - a verb-bunch, "close" - an adjective in the instrumental case.
- He will be a celebrity. He will be who? - will be a celebrity. "Will" - a verb-bunch, "celebrity" - a noun in the instrumental case, a nominal part of the predicate.