What jumps are there in figure skating? Jump jump in figure skating. Rough jump in figure skating
Today, professional athletes applya whole arsenal of jumping tricks, divided into two separate groups. The jump jump in figure skating got its name thanks to the technique of repelling the edge of the ridge. The ribbon jumps include axel, loop and salchow.
The next group is a leap in the figureskating - requires repulsion with the toe of the ridge, on which a number of special teeth are located. In this group of jumps, the most popular among the athletes is the sheepskin coat, lutz and flip.
Axel - a jump in figure skating, whichis considered skaters as the most complex element in terms of technical performance. The jump is the only one, the exit is made when moving forward. Correct execution of the axel requires the skater to slide outward and make a lunge on the right leg with a turn ahead. During the jump, the skater simultaneously throws one free leg and slightly brakes the other.
Rotation in the air when doing an axelIt needs a quick regrouping, which provides a smooth emphasis on the swing leg. Despite the repulsion during the acceleration forward, the athlete lands with his back to the direction of movement. Therefore, this jump in figure skating is a unique element, where the number of rotations is calculated exclusively with the halves.
For a long time axel was consideredthe male element of figure skating. Only in the middle of the last century American Carol Heiss enshrined the title of the first woman to submit to the double axel. Later, in 1988, the triple rotation during the execution of the element was succeeded by the Japanese Midori Ito. Since that time, only five girls have succeeded in replicating an athlete at official competitions. However, the axel for women is not considered an absolutely mandatory element of the program.
Probably, for a skater-professional notThere is an easier jump in comparison with salhovym. This single edge jump was first performed by Ulrich Salhov in 1909. After some decade, athletes began to demonstrate double and triple salchovy. Well, a quadruple jump resigned to young figure skater Timothy Geibl in 1998.
If we talk about the technique of performing a jump, thenit consists in the following. The rotation is set by an arc in the direction of the back-inward direction. In parallel with this, a free leg around the body is machined. The athlete lands on the outer edge, after which the foot of the foot falls on the platform and continues to move.
A loop is an edge jump in figure skating, commonly known as a "loop". For the first time in international competitions the element was made by German figure skater Werner Ritterberger in the distant 1910.
The technique of making a loop requires sliding inbackward-outward direction with support on the right leg. In this case, the free foot comes crosswise with respect to the support, turning the housing counter-clockwise. At the same time, repulsion is performed from the right leg.
The most common jump in the figureskating is called a sheepskin coat. It is with him that many athletes begin to get acquainted with the technical elements of sports discipline. For the first time with a single turn, the jump was made in 1920 by American athlete Bruce Map. Later, three more rotations were added to the complexity of the element.
Today skaters view the sheepskin coat asquite easy jump in figure skating. For technically correct execution of the element, repulsion from the toe of the left ridge, backward rotation and landing on the outer edge of the supporting leg is required. Figure skaters performing a jump in motion in a clockwise direction, respectively, change their foot for repulsion and landing.
Half-turn jump jump
Compared with the sheepskin in three or four rotationsjump jump in figure skating is considered a relatively simple element. It is performed from the cut in the direction counter-clockwise. Then rolled on a slightly bent right knee in the knee. When moving on the outer surface of the blade of the ridge with hands that are divorced in the front direction, a jump is made.
Sharply moving the right leg in front of the left and straightening the bent knee, you can perform a fairly simple rotation half-turned. In this case, the arms act as a buoyancy force.
To jump jump did not break, since the moment of change of legs at pushing away, it is necessary to try to hang for a moment in a suspended state. Completely left leg straightens only in the jump.
The second most complex element among the groupThe jumping in figure skating is flip. The element received its name thanks to a characteristic click, which athletes hear during its performance. The triple flip was first performed in the mid-70's. Unfortunately, a quadruple jump in figure skating has so far never succumbed to anyone.
Performing a flip requires a call in the directionBack, with an emphasis on the inner edge of the supporting leg. Further, the toe of the free leg hits the pad, after which the repulsion is performed with rotation and pulling backwards and forwards.
Professional figure skaters consider lutz asthe most difficult technical leap in the technical sense. For the first time the element was demonstrated by Austrian athlete Alois Lutz at international competitions in 1913. It took some ten years for the skaters to learn how to play double and triple lutz. Notably, but a quadruple jump resigned to the American Brandon Mroz just a century after the appearance of the element in competitive practice.
The technique of execution of an element consists in hireon the left foot with the emphasis of the toe of the free leg in the ice. Turnover occurs simultaneously with the touch of the front of the ridge of the site due to the sharp movement of hands and trunk. Carrying out several rotations in a counter-clockwise direction, the athlete leans on his right leg with an exit back-out.
Jumping is the most exciting element of the figurativeskating. It is the rotation in flight that forms the main part of the modern program of competitions. Dizzy jump tricks not only make the audience scream in fear, but also feel the joy of the adrenaline rush.
Understanding the technique of performing basichopping elements, the athlete discovers a completely different facet of sports discipline, changes his vision of existing programs and his own view of the judging system.