What is thrush? Thrush: symptoms, treatment, causes
What are women's diseases? This question concerns almost all the girls who have encountered such a nuisance at least once in their life. Thrush is a common disease today. A third of the fair sex of the country suffer from this ailment and are forced to fight it all their lives.
Diseases of girls, and what they are terrible
So what is thrush? This disease is caused by a fungus and has the medical name Candida. In the people it is called the thrush. Often it is difficult to cure and has a chronic form, periodically resuming after treatment. Her stability can be associated with the use of hormonal contraceptive drugs used by modern ladies. Such medicines are a favorable environment for the occurrence of thrush.
Causes of thrush. There are many.This can be a weakening of the immune system, which can be associated with the ecology, which is of paramount importance and affects overall health. Acceptance of chemical and biological drugs can also be attributed here. A woman’s thrush can also be associated with endocrine disruption and the lack of a regular partner. It is important to know that the disease is affected by improper and poor nutrition. Namely - the use of alcoholic beverages, flour products, sweets. Add to the list of causes of candidiasis:
- use of antibiotics;
- Estrogens (hormonal contraception);
Thrush can occur not only in women, but also in men. Therefore, a variant of this disease is marital candidiasis. This disease is caused by the same Candida fungus in partners as a result of sexual intercourse. This type of disease is very rare. This can be explained by the fact that there is a culture of sexual relations between spouses or strong immunity in one of the couple. Oral-genital relations have a high degree of infection, because the favorable conditions for the reproduction of a fungus of the genus Candida is the oral cavity.
If the girl suffers from a chronic form of thrush, then she can observe a frequent decrease in immunity, which has a local character. Such women suffer from a particular form of allergy caused by the fungus, which is the causative agent of frequent exacerbations of this disease. Clinically, the deterioration of immunity can be proved with the help of certain studies.
How to identify the disease in women
There are several symptoms that primarily indicate that a woman has a thrush.
- Severe itching in the vagina, depending on the sensitivity of the girl and the degree of progressive disease.
- The sensation of burning in the genital area.
- Redness and painful feeling in the genital area.
- Pain in the vagina, accompanied by severe itching.
- White, cheesy discharge, not having a strong smell.
- Possible pain during intercourse.
- Unpleasant feeling when urinating.
Typically, thrush, the symptoms of which occur a week before the menstruation, each girl passes in different ways.
Women who are prone to allergies usually experience pain and a burning sensation in the vagina, which is most often manifested in the evening when the girl is warm. For example, while sleeping or taking a bath.The presence of such symptoms affects sleep and lack of sexual contact between partners, which leads to bad mood and increased irritability of the weaker sex.
How is the disease diagnosed?
What is thrush? This is a disease for which there are several methods for diagnosing. One of these methods is smear microscopy, that is, examining it under a microscope. First, a white discharge is taken from the vaginal walls with a tampon, and then a smear is made on a slide, which is examined under a specific device. The presence of any infection specialist will notice. But this does not indicate a disease, because the fungus is present in the vagina in many women. To clarify the need for in-depth diagnosis.
Another method of studying this disease is seeding - the cultivation of a separate culture of the Candida fungus from a scraping. This method is very effective. And if the study indicators exceed 10,000 KOE / ml, then we can say about the presence of thrush.
Treatment of thrush in women
What is thrush? This is an infectious disease caused by a Candida fungus.Therefore, its treatment must be approached with the utmost seriousness. The main thing in this issue will be the destruction of the pathogen and prevent its occurrence.
Yet most women cannot quickly cope with this ailment. The reason for this may be the wrong approach to treatment. Antifungal drugs can be ineffective for many reasons:
- wrong dose selection;
- short term treatment;
- resistance to the drug;
- infectious agents - different types of microbes, some of them are not sensitive to the same drug;
- relapse of candidiasis.
Prescribe drugs that enhance immunity, does not make sense, and it is not necessary. You should not treat your husband if he is healthy and does not bother him. Treatment will be ineffective.
So, how to treat thrush? Nowadays, there are many medications to eliminate candidiasis. They can be divided into such groups:
- antifungal agents for internal use (tablets from thrush), here can be attributed to "miconazole", "Natamycin", "Pimafutsin";
- drugs of local action, namely: "Nystatin", "Fluconazole", "Betadine";
- Combination drugs - tablets "Candibene", palliative "Antifungol".
For the treatment of ailment, women increasingly resort to topical medications, but with long-term treatment such therapy is not entirely effective.
Treatment of thrush with products of natural origin
The ineffectiveness of many antifungal drugs causes girls to use products from thrush from the arsenal of traditional medicine. But for this you need to know the exact diagnosis. Because the treatment of a fungal disease (in this case, thrush) is different from the fight against diseases caused by bacteria. Therefore, it is important to prescribe adequate treatment in order not to aggravate the situation.
Such drugs are divided into two groups:
- antibiotics and antiseptics of natural origin;
- folk remedies.
Folk recipes of medicines
A thrush, the treatment of which can be delayed for several days, is curable with the help of non-traditional methods. Honey is used as a medicine. If you are not allergic to bee products, then it should be diluted with water in the ratio of 1:10 and lubricate the mucous membrane.
With the disease it is very useful to take a bath with sea salt asantiseptic.
At the initial stages of thrush can be used douching infusion of chamomile and calendula. To prepare it is very simple. For this you need to take one tablespoon of chamomile, and calendula two tbsp. spoon, pour boiling water (1 liter) and let it brew. When the infusion has cooled, it must be filtered, and you can douche.
Also, thrush at home is treatable with lemon. Its juice is fatal for this type of fungus. To do this, knead the lemon and pour 1 tbsp. boiling water, let it brew. Then strain and use for douching and washing. It is better to perform this procedure in the evening, before bedtime. The course of treatment is ten days.
Candidiasis during pregnancy
Often, women who are carrying a child suffer from this disease. This is associated with increased hormone levels in pregnant women. Because of this, a favorable environment for the reproduction of this type of fungus in the vagina occurs. This disease has the medical name of genital candidiasis. Medicines for thrush should be prescribed by a doctor. There should be no self-treatment so as not to harm the unborn child.
How to cure ailment during pregnancy
To cure a thrush in a woman who bears a child, it must comply with certain rules:
- personal hygiene and proper daily routine;
- drug treatment.
And now a little more about each of them.
Throughout pregnancy, a woman needs to monitor her diet. It is desirable to limit the intake of those products that increase the acidity in the vagina and thereby contribute to the growth of the fungus. These are sweet, spicy, sour and pickled foods. But her diet should be supplemented with vitamins. On the table should prevail vegetables and fruits, meat, fish and dairy foods. Thanks to this, the future mother will not be bothered by the thrush, whose treatment is always unpleasant.
Hygiene and Mode
Respect for personal hygiene and daily routine is another factor in solving this problem. A woman suffering from this disease should be washed twice a day during pregnancy, using infusions of various herbs (if there are no contraindications to the doctor) and gels with neutral ph. It is also necessary to use sanitary pads.
Treatment of thrush in women during pregnancy
Only your attending gynecologist can prescribe treatment for pregnant women with Candida. After all, all antifungal drugs have a toxic effect on the fetus. Therefore, most pregnant women use drugs of local action and avoid medications that are used inside.
Candidiasis in newborns
What is thrush in babies? This is a disease that causes the same fungus of the genus Candida. In newborn children, thrush is manifested in the oral cavity. It occurs in infants when the microflora is disturbed or the body’s immune defense is reduced. Therefore, most often the disease appears in children during the period of teething.
Also, the disease is possible in babies who begin to walk or crawl on their own. At such moments, it is very hard to keep track of them, but they pop into their mouths that fall under the arm. Adaptation of the child to the kindergarten can cause a decrease in immunity, and hence the development of Candidiacosis stomatitis.
Thrush in infants occurs as white spots on the tongue, gums or on the entire oral mucosa. They have a cheesy texture.Such a raid is removed very easily. Under it mom can notice sores or wounds. It is better to treat the disease in newborns in the initial stages, as the infection may drop below and start to affect the throat mucosa. Because of the pain and burning in the throat, the little child refuses to eat, often naughty.
If your baby has symptoms that indicate thrush, be sure to consult a doctor. Such a specialist can be a pediatric dentist or a local pediatrician. Independently do not take the treatment, because you can only worsen his condition.
Treat this disease in infants by local means. And when the child is six months old, the doctor may prescribe antifungal drugs.
Treatment of thrush in newborns
To eliminate the disease, you can use a solution of baking soda, which process the mouth of the child. Method of preparation: dissolve one teaspoon of soda in a glass of boiled water, moisten a finger wrapped with gauze, and wipe the tongue, gums, inner side. This should be done 30 minutes before eating. That the method was effective, this procedure is repeated after 2-3 hours.
If the child is not allergic to bee products, you can use a honey solution. It is prepared 1: 2 - one teaspoon of honey to two teaspoons of boiled water.
In order for your cub to be healthy, you need to follow simple rules of hygiene. Namely: sterilize all pacifiers and nipples for bottles, take a shower at least once a day, wash hands before each feeding of the child. You can list a lot, but the main thing: cleanliness is the guarantee of your baby’s health. Adhering to all the above tips, you will never learn about thrush and how to deal with it.