What is a gallbladder?
The gallbladder is an organ of a human, as well as of vertebrate animals, in which bile accumulates from the liver for further release into the small intestine under the influence of a special hormone - cholecystokinin.
The following describes the structure, location and purpose of the gallbladder.
Where is it located and what does it look like?
The gallbladder is located on the lower surface of the liver. The shape of the bubble is oval. In its structure, it is a bag-shaped reservoir of several elongated shape - one end is wide and the other is narrow. The transition from one end to the other is smooth. The size of the bubble in length varies from 8 to 14 cm, in width - from 3 to 5 cm. The color of the bubble is greenish.
The gallbladder consists of the bottom (widest part), middle part and neck (narrow part). At the same time, the cystic bile duct departs from the neck, in which the Lutkens sphincter is located, which regulates the exchange of bile.
What is the gallbladder for?
So, as we have said, the gallbladder transmits bile into the small intestine.The main task of the gallbladder is to accumulate the proper amount of bile and transfer it to the intestine at the right moment, namely when food enters the stomach.
Bile in the intestine performs many functions, and most of them are associated with the organization of proper digestion. For example, bile provides a change in gastric digestion for intestinal, filters cholesterol and other substances that cannot be filtered by the kidneys, activates the enzymes required for the digestion of proteins.
Is it possible to live without a gallbladder?
The gallbladder does NOT belong to the vital organs, and therefore with a serious disruption of its functioning (its causes in most cases are unhealthy diet - violation of the regimen, excessive alcohol and fatty foods, and liver dysfunction), for example, with bile stasis, patients are shown deletion.
A person can live without a gallbladder, however, it is necessary to follow a special diet and diet until the end of life, to regularly conduct special exercises, as well as drug therapy.