What is a chronicle?
Among every nation there were literate people who kept a record of the most important events in the life of the state. In Greece, such letters were called chronicles, in Europe the annals, and in Russia, the chronicles. About this and more.
What is the chronicle in the history and culture of Russia
The chronicle is documentary evidence of a number of historical events of our Fatherland. Chronicles were kept as individuals, Nestor Chronicler, for example, and entire organizations, such as the Ipatiev Monastery. Summer in Old Russian means a year, and most of the works started like this: “in the summer, when Igor went to Pechenegs ...”, etc.
In addition, the chronicle is interesting for the study not only of historians, but also philologists, linguists and ethnologists. In general, such work is a unique source of knowledge of the past, through which we can learn the language, customs and events of the era. In addition, the writings of the chroniclers are the basis for writing modern history. Thus, the work of Karamzin "History of the Russian State" is almost entirely written on the basis of the chronicles.
The oldest records still preserved today are Lavrentievskaya (1377) and Ipatievskaya (14th century, the chronicle of the Ipatievsky monastery near Kostroma).
But most of the chronicle arch has not survived in the original until today. They exist in lists, that is, in copies copied from the original source.
Chronicles have always played an important political role. And during the war with Napoleon, and during the Great Patriotic War, the enemies of the mass storage of bookstores in monasteries and estates. For the enemy knows that the people who do not remember their past have no future.