What is studying morphology?

Yuri Belousikov
Yuri Belousikov
August 14, 2012
What is studying morphology?

The word "morphology" in translation from ancient Greek means "the doctrine of forms" (ancient-Greek. "Morphe" - "form", "logos" - "word, doctrine"). What is studying morphology as a scientific discipline?

Morphology in linguistics

As applied to the language, it is not difficult to guess that morphology in linguistics is a science that studies the structure of the word and its inflection. We all learned in school what parts the word is divided into. Root, prefix, suffix, ending. There are other parts of the word that the school does not learn. Those interested can open any university textbook on morphology and familiarize themselves with them. The meaningful parts of a word in linguistics are called "morphemes." Simply put, a morpheme is a significant part of a word that tells it a particular meaning. We also note that there are so-called "paradigms" or simply - models of word formation, declension and conjugation of words, according to which word formation and word alteration are carried out in one or another language. So, remember, morphology is a science that studies word formation and inflection.

Morphology in biology

However, the term "morphology" is found not only in linguistics, but also in biology. As a biological discipline, morphology studies the external structure of the organism (structure, shape, color, etc.) and its internal structure. External morphology is called eidonomy, and internal morphology is the anatomy we all know. Unlike physiology, which studies primarily the functioning of the organism, morphology deals only with its structure. The term “general morphology” is often used in biology. In fact, general morphology is a discipline that determines the main or main distinguishing features of a particular type of living organism. This includes primarily the shape and color of any kind.

We add that the term "morphology" was first proposed by the famous German poet and naturalist I.V. Goethe. At this time, morphology is an integral part of both linguistics and biology. And although the question of what morphology studies, Russian and biology respond differently, their essence is the same - this is the science of forms.

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