What is sovereignty?
Each student and even an adult, due to various circumstances, for example in a school or student program, may ask: what is sovereignty? This definition may have different aspects depending on the application. In simple words, sovereignty is the full right of a state to decide any state affairs of the external and internal type at its discretion, regardless of the opinion and actions of other states.
Today, everyone, even the smallest state, has “sovereignty”, regardless of demographic characteristics. All this can be described in one word "Rule". Sovereignty can be internal and external.
- Internal sovereignty is the supremacy over any other political organizations that exist in the legal system of a given society. Internal sovereignty implies the ability to create laws, that is, to act as a legislative power.
- External sovereignty is the independence of a particular state and its equality with other states that do not have the right to interfere in any of its affairs.
In order to understand what state sovereignty is, it is necessary to know about its features: supremacy, full power, independence, indivisibility of power, independence, equality in any external affairs and inalienability.
Each state has the following sovereign rights:
- on the publication of laws
- to wage war
- to make peace
- on the establishment of its own symbols,
- to establish taxes
- to open organizations and departments.
But it is important not to forget that the sovereign rights of any state do not include actions aimed at the management of other states or any actions that are not provided for by them. International law prohibits harming other states and using force against them. Also, each state is obliged to strictly fulfill obligations and treaties concluded with other states. A striking example of such treaties is the European Union, which allows us to jointly manage the economic activities of the states between which it is concluded.Such a union may have its own law governing relations between its member states.
The question: what is the sovereignty of the state, can be answered as follows. State sovereignty is the supremacy of state power over all external and internal processes that concern this state, but do not belong to others.