What is plague?

Ksenia Gaynulina
Ksenia Gaynulina
February 5, 2015
What is plague?

Chum is a traditional, folding and portable dwelling of conical shaped nomadic herders constructed of long poles, covered from above with bark, bark, or animal skins. Currently it can be constructed from felt, canvas, tarpaulin and other materials. Historically considered the first artificially created human dwelling.

Such structures were used by many indigenous peoples of Russia, as well as by the Finns, the Mongols, the Indians of North America, in whom they were called wigwams and tipis, the Kazakhs built yurts, somewhat different from the plague in their form. Domed yarangs are built in Chukotka.

Construction and arrangement of the plague

First of all, three or four long poles are taken, fastened with a rope on top and installed, the sides should be the same length. After that, the same number of poles, which form a circle at the base, are superimposed on each side.

After that, the chum is covered with external material. In the summer, it can be bark, bark, canvas or other lightweight material, in winter it can be skins or felt sewn together.At the same time, vertical grooves are made on the material along the perimeter, along which water will slide. The height of the plague is built not lower than 3.5 - 4 meters, in width from 3.5 to 7 meters.

In the very center of the plague is the hearth, and the warmest and honorable place is behind the hearth on the opposite side of the entrance.

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