What is hummus?
It is better to try once, than a hundred times to see - this saying is the best suited to such an exotic dish in our country as hummus. Despite the unusual and unfamiliar name of the traditional dish of the Eastern Mediterranean countries, it is surprisingly simple. In this article, we will tell you what hummus is and what it is eaten with, and also give a recipe for traditional hummus that everyone can cook.
The origin of the dish
As mentioned above, this dish appeared in Mediterranean countries. Its history goes back several millennia. Although there is no confirmed evidence that such a dish has been prepared for several dozen centuries, there are good reasons to assume this, since chickpeas (the main component from which hummus is made) has for centuries been the basis of the diet of people living in the Mediterranean basin. The name "hummus" comes from the Arabic language and literally translates as "chick". Therefore, in many countries, hummus means not only a chickpea dish, but also the fruits of this plant.
The first documentary mention of hummus was found in Cairo and dates back to the 13th century. In the culinary book of those times hummus is described as cold chickpea puree, with vinegar, pickled lemons, herbs, spices and butter. In some recipes of that time it was also advised to add tahini, a thick paste of ground sesame, to hummus.
To make hummus with a classic recipe, you will need:
- 800 grams of boiled chickpea (the liquid in which chickpets were boiled should be poured into half, and half left);
- 4 teaspoons tahini;
- 2 cloves of garlic;
- 1 tsp shallow sea salt;
- 6 tbsp. unrefined olive oil;
- 3.5 tbsp fresh lemon juice;
- Red pepper, coriander or parsley - as desired.
First of all, we need to cook tahini. To do this, take a small amount of sesame seeds, put them in a coffee grinder and grind until oil is released from the seeds and the mixture turns into a paste. After that, transfer the paste to a blender and, stirring, gradually add vegetable oil (sesame or olive) at the rate of half a cup of oil to a glass of ground sesame seeds.Continue stirring until mixture reaches desired consistency.
Now you can go directly to the preparation of hummus.
- Drain the remaining liquid from the chickpea into a separate container. Wash the peas with cold water.
- Load chickpeas into a food processor.
- Download tahini, crushed garlic, lemon juice and 7 tbsp. chickpea liquids.
- Turn on the combine and, while it is working, slowly begin to pour in olive oil until the mixture is pasty.
- When serving, hummus is laid out in a special gravy boat or in a deep plate. Some people pour hummus on top with extra olive oil, but remember that this is how you make the dish more nutritious.
- On top, hummus can be decorated with several whole cooked chickpeas and greens.
Eating hummus taken with pita bread, pita bread, bread or crackers.
This snack is ideal for vegetarians, as in combination with bread is a complete source of protein. Hummus contains a large amount of iron and vitamin C, as well as folic acid, vitamin B6, various amino acids and monounsaturated fats. It helps prevent colon and rectum cancers, lowers cholesterol and blood sugar levels, and also contributes to weight loss.
This hummus will be a good gift that can be purchased in Israel.