What is dangerous rickets? Signs of disease
Rachitis is a disease caused by a deficiency of vitamin D, which produces human skin under the influence of ultraviolet radiation. Vitamin D is also found in egg yolk, fish oil, and dairy products. It promotes the absorption of calcium from the intestines and its proper distribution. It plays an important role in the development of bone tissue and the functioning of the central nervous system.
Why does rickets occur? Signs of disease
The deficiency of this vitamin is especially felt in winter, when the sun is low and the days become short. Contributes to poor absorption of vitamin D dysbacteriosis and various fermentopathies. Quite often rickets occurs in infants and preschool children. The course of the disease itself is divided into several stages.
At the initial stage, there is a poor appetite, heavy sweating, especially the palms of the hands and hair of the head, excitability and anxiety, poor sleep, alopecia of the occipital region of the head.Such signs are noticed by the parents themselves, and during the examination the doctor will check the edges of a large fontanel, which in patients with rickets are soft and pliable.
Rickets, signs of which were noticed on time, is quite easily eliminated. But if everything is left as it is, literally in a couple of weeks, the second stage will come - the height of the disease. In this period, bone deformity occurs. Changes in the shape of the skull, chest, leg bones. If the baby has already begun to walk, then the legs take the form X or O. The pelvis also narrows, bony growths appear in the form of "strands of pearls" or "bracelet", which shows an X-ray.
In addition to changes in bone tissue, rickets has signs in the form of slowing down the growth of teeth, impaired functioning of a wide range of internal organs: lungs, heart, stomach, and vegetovascular changes. In addition, at this stage, children with rickets are inferior in mental development to their peers. Urine tests show a certain level of phosphorus, a change in the level of phosphorus and calcium is also detected in the blood. Diagnosis is based on a combination of symptoms.
At some point, rickets, signs of which were evident, is waning. The child gets better, but the damage caused by the disease may remain with the person for life. This is the ugly skull of irregular shape, and the curvature of the legs, and the wrong narrow pelvis. Yes, and the restoration of the child after the stage of the heat of rickets occurs for a long time. The patient will be at risk for chronic diseases or will often become ill.
Often there is rickets in adults, therefore, the prevention of the disease does not interfere with either adults or children. First of all, this is proper nutrition, which means proper intestinal work, sunbathing, and in winter, and the drug - vitamin D2, D3, preferably in aqueous solutions. It is very important for the baby to eat mother's milk and in time to introduce complementary foods. Older children and adults can take drugs "Multitabs" and others on the recommendation of a doctor.