What is characterized by a diet with an ulcer of the duodenum?
Compliance with diet is an essential part of therapypeptic ulcer disease. Timely appointed diet quickly brings an improvement in the condition, reduces pain and dyspeptic disorders. Not knowing what you can eat with a stomach ulcer or duodenum, patients only aggravate the course of the disease, causing the development of complications.
Features of nutrition in peptic ulcer disease
Diet in the ulcer of the duodenal ulcer should bephysiologically complete. In the phase of exacerbation is shown the intake of food, which does not irritate the mucous membrane. All dishes must have a thoroughly crushed consistency, be well-cooked, and use of foods that cause increased secretion is contraindicated. For this purpose one week is prescribed the most sparing diet No. 1a or No. 1b, according to Pevzner, and then gradually switch to diet No. 1. According to this diet, the food should be five meals a day. Food is steamed, boiled, grinded, stewed.
Diet with an ulcer of the duodenum. Stage of exacerbationDiet No. 1a is administered to patients in acute stagesdiseases, with a sharp pain syndrome, frequent vomiting and dyspeptic phenomena within one week. Liquid or jelly-like food is recommended, which should be consumed often, no more than every 1.5 to 2 hours. The content in the daily diet of table salt is reduced to 5-7 g. The diet includes dairy products, milk or mucous soups from cereals, omelet or boiled soft-boiled eggs, berry and milk jelly, jelly. All other products, including bread and crackers, are excluded from the diet. Patients are advised to drink broth of wild rose, which replaces tea. When it will be possible to eliminate or sharply reduce pain and dyspeptic disorders, they switch to diet No. 1b, where the patient needs to stay for two weeks. The menu is expanded, including meat and fish soufflé, mashed cereals with butter, dairy or cereal soups with croutons, white rusks.
Diet with an ulcer of the duodenum. Stage of remission
In the absence of acute manifestations of the disease patientconstantly must comply with diet number 1. Food should be divided, food sparing, excluded products that cause a strong secretion of gastric juice and contain coarse vegetable fiber. Non-strong tea, pasteurized milk, cream, white breads, non-acidic dairy products, steam cutlets, scrambled eggs, boiled meat and fish, various cereals, pasta dishes, vegetable puree, jelly, jelly, sweet fruit are allowed.
Diet in duodenal ulcers accounts forfeatures of the course of the disease, the presence in the history of complications, other diseases. Special correction requires a diet in the presence of a patient with peptic ulcer concomitant pancreatitis. In this case, a more severe restriction of fats, digestible carbohydrates is required, despite the fact that patients tolerate the diet well, provided that enough fat is available. The feeling of hunger, especially characteristic of this disease with the localization of the ulcer in the pyloroduodenal region, with the addition of butter or vegetable oil is less. When there is heartburn during the night, it is recommended to drink a small amount of milk or cream. Compliance with the diet reduces symptoms in the stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer, prevents the development of complications and promotes recovery.