What is a required copy. A binding copy is ...
An obligatory copy is one or several copies of any printed publication, which is obligatory transferred to the Book Chamber.
The list of publications includes: books, legislative documents, various unpublished studies, documents submitted for a patent, notes, maps, photographs, video, audio, computer programs.
A mandatory copy is a very significant partin the publishing of books. Thanks to him, unique content is collected, important documents and discoveries are registered, a national fund is being formed. In addition, due to such compulsory copies transferred to the Book Chamber, international exchange of books takes place.
Also from the Book Chamber, some specimens are sent to the country's largest libraries and museums. In total, 19 institutions receive mandatory copies.
The introduction of a binding copy in Europe
In Europe, a binding copy began to applyin France in the 15th century. In Russia, this practice began with the end of the 17th century. Then the Book Chamber was located in St. Petersburg, and after the revolution of 1917 it was moved to the city of Petrograd. Already from the twenties of the 19th century, the Book Chamber was transferred to Moscow, where it is still located.
Features of data provision in other countries
In America, copies of mandatory copies are kept only by the Library of Congress, located in Washington.
In France, the only institution that receives a compulsory copy is the National Library.
In Germany, you must send the mandatorycopies at once to several institutions: compulsorily at the National Library of Frankfurt am Main and the Leipzig National Library.
In Ukraine, organizations that need toto send an obligatory copy are regional National Libraries. In some cases it is necessary to send documents to other state organizations. For example, organizations in which it is necessary to send a mandatory copy are the Cabinet of Ministers, the Verkhovna Rada and the President's office.