What inhalations for bronchitis are most effective
Inhalation with bronchitis is useful whenthe appearance of the first signs of the disease. There are many options for this procedure. Let's try to figure out which of the inhalations will be most effective for bronchitis.
The most common forms of inhalation are:
- Inhalation of particles of various medicinal substances in the form of an aerosol or in a suspended state in steams of herbal decoctions.
- Inhalation of a positively or negatively charged aerosol.
- Inhalation of vapors of sea or mineral water.
Depending on the temperature, inhalations are wet (water temperature 30-35 ° C), heat and moisture (35-42 ° C) and steam.
For inhalation with bronchitis is often usedsuch a method as insufflation. Its essence lies in the inhalation of powdered drugs (sulfonamides, antibiotics). For the spraying of medicines, special powder blowers are used - insufflators. In acute and chronic bronchitis apply special insufflators - chalery.
The most accessible are steam inhalations. Inhalation with bronchitis can be carried out, either with the help of special inhalers (type IP), and with the help of heating water or decoction of medicinal herbs. When using the inhaler, ascending vapor is inhaled from the face mask into which a volatile drug is added. Along with the medicine, the active factor for this form of inhalation is hot water vapor. It helps to increase blood flow, stimulates cellular metabolism of the mucous membrane, perfectly dilutes sputum. The most suitable temperature for steam is 40-45 ° C. Very often for carrying out steam inhalation use alkali, thymol, menthol, eucalyptus, decoctions of leaves of a camomile or a sage. The course of treatment - 10 procedures, and for chronic forms of bronchitis - 15-20. The duration of inhalation for bronchitis should be 10 minutes.
Despite all its usefulness, steamInhalation is contraindicated in such diseases as severe form of tuberculosis, acute pneumonia, hemoptysis, pleurisy, polyposis and hypertrophy of the mucous membrane, ischemia.
During wet inhalation withbronchitis drug with a portable inhaler injected into the respiratory tract by nebulization without heating. For this type of procedure, antibiotics, bronchodilators, phytoncides, saline solutions are used.
Teplyvazhnye inhalation with bronchitis liquefysputum, stimulate the process of mucociliary clearance, accelerate the excretion of mucus, eliminate persistent cough, improve the drainage function of the bronchi. For this procedure, medicinal substances having mucolytic and bronchodilating effect (sodium bicarbonate, antiseptics, mineral water, bronchodilators) are used. One inhalation usually requires 25 ml of solution. The whole procedure lasts 10 minutes. The most effective are inhalations for acute and chronic bronchitis.
Air inhalations for bronchitis are conducteda method of spraying from special cans of medicines, which are easily vaporized by means of compressed air or gas (propellants). They need to be carried out for 10 minutes every day. For such inhalations, drugs with bronchial and mucolytic activity are used.
Recently, very popular inhalation withbronchitis nebulizer. This procedure is very simple. A medicinal liquid is poured into the container and the inhaler is turned on. It should be located above the patient's head, so that the therapeutic couples come down from above. Only nebulizers produce microparticles of a drug smaller than a micron. This size of the drug allows it to easily penetrate the respiratory tract. Inhalation in bronchitis in children with nebulizer significantly facilitate the procedure with the use of medicines. To make such an inhalation for a small child, you simply need to place the device above its crib and turn it on. Even during sleep the child will inhale the medicinal means. Getting directly into the respiratory system, medications begin to act immediately, almost without affecting other organs.