What happens after death?
There is a teaching about what happens to the soul of a person after his death in every religion. Unfortunately, all this is nothing more than a theory, since science has so far failed to prove or disprove at least one of religious beliefs.
Death in christianity
The death of a person in Christianity is closely related to the theme of the Last Judgment. According to Christian clergy, death is the great mystery, the “rebirth” of man in the new world. Life, in turn, is a preparatory stage for the transition of the soul to a new level. These ideas are shared by all the churches of the world - both Eastern and Western rites, both Protestant and non-traditional.
According to Christians, after death, the angels place the souls of the righteous on the threshold of heaven, and the souls of sinners fall into demons as hell. In heaven and hell, the dead are waiting for the Last Judgment: then, by God's decision, the survivors will be able to enter the Garden of Eden, and those convicted will be sentenced to eternal torment.
What happens after death can be observed with temporary cardiac arrest and cessation of activity of the body.Clinical death lasts from 3 to 6 minutes, and, as many Christians believe, at this moment the soul leaves the body. According to testimonies, you can look at your own body from the side, and at the black tunnel, and at the paradise meadows. All visions are strictly individual: some think that they have met with deceased relatives, others say that they were visited by angels. The church treats such testimonies ambiguously. Some of the clergy, mostly Protestant and Catholic, believe that this is a direct confirmation of the existence of heaven and hell. Others, including the Orthodox, refer to these messages with skepticism, and call them either a game of imagination or a deception of the devil.
According to Christians, immediately after death, the soul, having left the body, becomes free for two days. At this time, she has the right to visit any place dear to her, and even attend the prayer performed for her to rest in the temple. The soul is accompanied by angels or demons, depending on how clean it is. According to the biographies of the saints, many more hours before the onset of their death could contemplate how invisible to us entities approach their body.
On the third day, the heavenly "ordeals" begin - from the word "myto", that is, dues. Simply put, the soul on its way to heaven passes a series of peculiar customs, each of which has demons. They experience the deceased in various ways, and, as a redemption from them, are the good deeds accomplished on Earth. If there are too few good deeds, or one of the tests fails, the soul immediately goes to hell. The sentence, where the deceased will stay until the Last Judgment, is inconclusive - it is possible that he will be forgiven at the Court, and he will go to heaven from hell, but perhaps everything will happen the other way around.
Death in islam and judaism
Muslims and Jews perceive death in the same way as Christians, despite some differences. At least, the basic concepts and stages exist here: the exit of the soul from the body, its way to heaven or hell, waiting for the day of the Resurrection and the Day of Resurrection - the Last Judgment. Many religious scholars explain this by the fact that Christianity and Islam were formed several centuries later than Judaism, and the latter had a significant influence on them. The Jews, however, do not say anything about heaven or hell.
Everything that happens after a person’s death, according to Muslims, is closely related to his activities.The afterlife in Islam is called ahirath, disbelief in it is apostasy from the dreams of Islam. The hour of death is determined by Allah, and the souls of the dead are obliged to take Azrael - the Angel of Death. The way a person dies depends on the lifestyle he adheres to. The righteous die quickly and easily, and sinners in agony. Before death, it is recommended to read special prayers that ensure a painless transition to the next world.
Above the soul, immediately after its separation from the body, a small judgment is decided. If a person is a righteous man, then the grave for him will be the threshold of heaven, if he is a sinner, then the threshold of hell. It is possible that during his lifetime a man lived according to the precepts of the Quran, but did not atone for some of his sins, therefore two angels — Nakir and Munkar — interrogate him and then admit to paradise. Those who died after death go to Barzakh - the place to wait for the Day of Resurrection The infidels, who did not accept Islam, fall into the deepest well of Barahut, in the province of Hadramaut in Yemen. The bodies in the graves do not perish and can still feel what is happening next to them.
Finally, as in Christianity, on the day of the destruction of the world, all people appear before the just supreme court of Allah.This moment is called the Day of Resurrection. Interestingly, Muslim scholars are not unanimous about how much the soul is in hell: according to some of them, having received what they deserve, the deceased Muslim will go to heaven, which does not apply to infidels.
Interestingly, in Judaism, from which Christianity and Islam originated, very little is said about life after death. In the Pentateuch there is no mention of the other world, but there is an idea of the future judgment, during which the righteous and sinners will find what they deserve.
Death in Eastern religions and teachings
In Buddhism, the body is usually perceived as a kind of physical shell. It is not a part of man. According to Buddhist philosophers, there is no soul either, and “I” is an imaginary concept, therefore there can be no talk of preserving personality and individuality after death. Death is the disappearance of everything: the body, the vital desires, the consciousness, the image, the senses, etc.
According to Buddha, there is nothing left of man except consciousness.
Depending on how a person lived, after death, there are three possible scenarios: consciousness is reborn in a new body, goes to hell before rebirth in a new body, or eludes nirvana.Consciousness moves infinite number of times, incarnating not only in commoners, but also in animals, plants, rulers and even deities. The task of man is to interrupt these rebirths and merge with the creator - to go to nirvana.
Confucianism pays little attention to the fate of the deceased. So, according to the ideas of the ancient Chinese, a person has two souls - material and spiritual. The spiritual goes to heaven, and what happens to the body after death is very simple - it dies and goes to hell.
In Shintoism, the cult of ancestors prevails. According to the Japanese, there is no heaven, no hell, and the souls of the dead go to the other world, where they live on a par with various spirits. After death, people periodically return to help the living. For Taoists, death is the transition of energy from one state to another. Man is immortal, and his mind after the death of the body wanders in the depths of the universe. In general, there are other teachings, ranging from the primitive beliefs of tribes from the jungles of Africa, Indonesia and South America, and ending with the ideas of the "new age".