What are the pelvic organs. Pathologies of these organs

The organs of the small pelvis are the rectum, the urinarya bladder, a vagina, as well as a uterus with fallopian tubes and ovaries. The above structures together with the surrounding pelvic bones, vascular structures, lymph nodes and soft tissues - this is the anatomical region of interest to us.

Diseases of the pelvic organs, called otherwiseESRT, arise when the above-mentioned female reproductive organs are exposed to the inflammatory process. The cause may be an infection. In other cases, the ECPs are associated with infectious pathologies, from which the pelvic organs suffer. These are serious female complications, sexually transmitted diseases.

In some cases with such inflammations the pelvic organs are very seriously damaged. Such pathologies can be irreversible and often lead to infertility.

Unfortunately, the pelvic organs suffer frominflammatory diseases are not uncommon. For example, in the United States, more than a million women are exposed to the EOD every year. Inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs lead to the phenomenon of ectopic pregnancy. The most common are girls in adolescence.

The pelvic organs suffer fromfollowing reasons. If we take into consideration the cervix, then normally it prevents further penetration of the bacteria that enter the vagina. If such venereal diseases as gonorrhea, chlamydia, or cervix are lost, the barrier functions are lost. Accordingly, it loses the ability to protect internal organs from the penetration of microorganisms.

Untreated chlamydia and gonorrhea cause up to90% of the EGCs accompanying penetration of pathogenic bacteria into the upper genital tract. In other cases, the pelvic organs are subjected to inflammatory processes due to infection with abortion, childbirth. The cause of the pathology may be the introduction of infection during surgical and / or research procedures in the relevant area of ​​the small pelvis.

The organs of the small pelvis, being exposed to the EEC, suffer from such symptoms:

  • discomfort in the lower abdomen, blunt pain;

  • disorder of monthly cycles. They are irregular, accompanied by pain;

  • urination is also painful;

  • pain, not associated with a monthly cycle, cramping or spastic nature;

  • fever with chills;

  • pain during sex.

Certain factors are knownorgans of the small pelvis risk of inflammation. The risk group includes those suffering from venereal diseases, as well as their carriers. Women who have previously undergone the EEC may be subjected to repeated episodes of inflammation (relapse). In adolescent girls who have an active sex life, pelvic organs suffer from diseases more often than in older people.

How to treat pelvic organs in the case ofthe occurrence of inflammation? At the initial stage, antibiotic treatment is prescribed, which is taken internally. If this method is ineffective, and also in severe cases of the course of the disease, the patient is hospitalized. In this case, antibiotics are injected, including intravenous injections.

If the EEC is accompanied by an abscess, surgical intervention is additionally required. Abscesses are subject to autopsy, and in some cases the organ in which they are formed is removed.

It is recommended thatrefrain from having sexual relations with several partners. It should also be in case of the slightest signs of inflammation seek medical help, regularly undergo gynecological examinations, if necessary, undergo diagnostic procedures. In the case of timely diagnosis, it is possible to effectively cure pathology.

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