What are sanctions?

Anna Piskunova
Anna Piskunova
January 28, 2015
What are sanctions?

Recently, the word "sanctions" has not come off the lips of politicians and journalists. In an aggravated economic situation, this became almost the only “peaceful” mechanism of influence of some states on others, a measure of their influence. And what does this word mean, what is the essence of its use, and why are sanctions needed? We will try to understand this further.

Definition of sanctions

The word "sanction" has Latin roots and literally means "the strictest resolution". It goes back to legal practice, as well as to theories of state and law. You can give such a general definition. sanction - a measure of the impact of failure to comply with established standards. And the main essence of sanctions is to regulate relations, to maintain an equilibrium or contractual state between subjects when performing any actions. Figuratively speaking, the sanction is “the norm in reverse.”

Why are sanctions needed?

In other words, this feedback for compliance with or non-compliance with these standards. In this sense, the first value of sanctions is revealed, that is, in the security of existing norms.What is the need to preserve the rules and regulations? This is probably necessary for the relationship system to remain in a more or less stable and orderly state, and not to be chaotic. Imagine that you perform the same action every time in different ways. Probably, this is not very convenient, because it requires more effort from you than when you act in accordance with a specific behavior model. And this is perhaps the general philosophical meaning of sanctions.

The second and equally important importance of sanctions, except for “rebalancing”, is a compensation mechanism. What is meant here? If any of the parties suffered as a result of the violation of the norms, she will inevitably want to pay damages or harm. Sanction as an effect on concrete actions can help in this matter.

If the question is not only to return the lost, but also to manifest itself in the moral aspect, that is, for example, to punish the violator, then the sanctions can be punitive.

Types of sanctions

Already from the values ​​of the sanctions it is clear that they are different and do not always have a “punishing” character.Here are some classifications of sanctions:

  1. By industry: criminal, civil, administrative, disciplinary.
  2. By the nature of the consequences: positive and negative.
  3. Depending on the nature of the measures of state influence: punitive, legal, preventive.
  4. By degree of certainty: absolutely and relatively specific, alternative and cumulative.

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