Vomiting in the child
Vomiting in a child is a rather frequent phenomenon. It should be noted that the smaller the age, the more often this state arises. Vomiting in the child, especially appearing for the first time, often frightens the parents.
It should be noted that at an early age suchthe condition is most often a consequence of overfeeding. In this case, as a rule, regurgitation occurs. This is such a vomiting in a child, in which a small amount of milk rises from the stomach and without effort from the side of the baby, quietly pours out of the mouth. This condition is associated with the peculiarities in the structure of the esophagus and stomach at this age. Some newborns rarely regurgitate; in most cases, this phenomenon occurs after each feeding several times.
Vomiting in a child is healthy and fun, likerule, does not indicate the development of any disease. In this case, there are children who are characterized by increased excitability. They can vomit every day during the first weeks after birth.
Of course, with a regularly appearing condition,even if there is a normal increase in weight in the baby, it is recommended to visit a doctor. As a rule, in newborns vomiting is provoked by the mucus accumulated in the stomach. Such a state soon passes.
Before a real vomiting there is nausea,manifested by a blanching of the skin of the face, cooling of the limbs, increased pulse, anxiety. It is performed with the participation of the musculature of the peritoneum, therefore the gastric contents are excreted with a relatively large force.
If during a long period the milk isthe stomach of the child is not curtailed, it can indirectly indicate a lack of secretory function of the body. The presence of gastric diseases can be indicated by the admixture of mucus or blood in the out-of-mass masses. If the child has vomiting with blood, then this is a symptom of hemorrhagic syndrome, peptic ulcer or portal hypertension. It should be noted that the appearance of such impurities is extremely rare. Bloody vomiting can be false. In newborns, it is caused by fissures on the nipple in a nursing mother, in older children - by nosebleeds. Most often, the condition of vomiting is accompanied by a fever. It is typical for children, both in early and in older age.
Vomiting without fever orwhich occurs with a slight increase in temperature, may appear against the background of infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. These include ulcer, gastritis, ulcerative colitis nonspecific, duodenitis and others.
Vomiting is often a manifestation of a child's neurosis. This is noted with increased excitability, after each nervous excitement.
Vomiting in the child. Treatment.
Therapeutic measures aimed atelimination of this condition in chronic form, appoints only the doctor. Based on the results of the tests, the cause provoking the condition will be identified and the necessary medicines will be prescribed.
Help with the manifestation of vomiting in the child.
At the end of two hours after the vomitingit is necessary to give the child a sip of water. In the first reception it should not be more than 10-15 gr. If the child asks for more, then after 15-20 minutes you can give a little more. In this case, you should not drink more than half a glass at a time.
In the absence of vomiting, you can try to givea small amount of orange juice. After a few hours, the child may ask for something to eat. In this case, in order not to irritate the stomach, it is recommended to give him light food. It can be a little porridge or apple puree. Low-fat milk is allowed.
If vomiting resumed, then during theat least two hours nothing to give the child should not. After this time, you can give a spoonful of water (tea). Twenty minutes later, the amount of water can be doubled. If the child does not ask for anything even after several hours after vomiting, you do not need to give anything. He is likely to vomit again. It should be remembered that with each new vomiting the body loses fluids more than it took.