what is a variation?

what is a variation?

  1. Variation is a piece of music that changes parts.
  2. Variation is generally called a variation of something, a slight change or deviation. There are also more specific meanings of this term:

    In music:
    A variation form is a musical form containing several parts (variations) representing the modified first part (theme).

  3. В

    ariations - (from lat. variatio change), a musical form based on modifications of a theme composed or borrowed by the composer (occasionally two or even three themes). Hence the name Theme from V., which often dates to works in this form. The origins of V. in folk art, in the changes that the song form undergoes during couplet repetitions. Theme V. is usually simple in texture, performed at a moderate pace, which allows for consistent textural, tempo, genre changes to be made in V. There are V., which preserve the structure of the theme (V. on the basso ostinato, on the sustained melody and strict V.) and change e (free V.). In the first case, the variation concerns all or some of the theme elements of the melody, texture, polyphonic fabric, in particular V. lada, tempo and time signature (Passacaglia in C minor by J. S. Bach, V. Beethoven's 32 for piano, Persian choir from the opera Ruslan and Lyudmila Glinka).

    what is the variation? themes of melody, texture, polyphonic

    In the second case, V. is associated with the theme through general melodic turns, but changes genre, size, tempo, structure, and as a result forms a suite form (Schumann's Symphonic Etudes for Piano, 2 part of the Memory Trio of the great artist Tchaikovsky, 2 part of the concert 3 Prokofiev for piano). The combination of both forms of variation is possible (Shostakovich's 2 Sonata Finale for Piano). Sometimes, as can be seen from the examples, V. are part of a sonata-symphonic cycle or other musical form.

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