Use have, having: rule in English

Today we will talk about the different forms and functions of one strong English verbhave (having). The rule of formation and use of this verb is quite extensive, but simple. Once you carefully examine the information, and you will no longer have problems with its use. The whole essence of the verb lies in its multifunctionality. We will try as much as possible to consider each of the functions.

general characteristics

have having a rule

Studying English, we are faced with different versions of the verb we are interested in:had, has, have, having. The rule of application of each of these forms is quite accurate, so it is difficult to confuse them if you carefully examine all the information. To begin with, we note that this verb can perform the following functions:

  • Semantic verb, which translated means "to have."He has a big house.He has a big house.At the same time, it is necessary to add that the translation into Russian may differ, as the variant more literary sounds:He has a big house.
  • Auxiliary verb, which serves to form different tense forms. In this case, it is not translated.She has done it already. She already did it. They are having dinner now. We are having lunch now.
  • Modal verb expressing the obligation.He has to visit a doctor. He is forced to go to the doctor.

Depending on what function the verb performs, the shape of the verb is determined, and how it behaves when forming interrogative and negative sentences.

British and American options

have to rule

One of the easiest ways to use this verb is to use it as a semantic one. In this case, we will deal with the formshaveandhas, have gotandhas got. The rule of their application is quite simple:

  • In the British version of the English language, a simple “have” form is used to express the possession of an object one-time.He has a nice toy. He has a beautiful toy.Here it means that he now has a toy in his hands.
  • When expressing possession of something on an ongoing basis, the proposal will apply a form withgot.He has got a nice toy.At the same time, the translation will sound unchanged: “He has a beautiful toy", But it is understood that this thing belongs to him constantly.

As we see, the type of form does not affect the translation of sentences critically, so you can safely use any of them. The main thing is not to confuse how to form other types of sentences using these forms. When forming interrogative sentences, the verbs behave as follows:

  • In the British version, this verb is perceived as strong, so when asking a question, it does not need any help.Has he (got) a dog? He has a dog?
  • In the American version, the verb is used in conjunction with the auxiliary verbs.do / does.Do you have a dog? You have a dog?

Which option you choose depends on your preference and place of residence. It is recommended to communicate in the dialect of the language spoken in the area.

Real-time form features

It does not matter which form you choose:hasorhas got / have gotThe rule of forming forms for different persons and numbers must in any case be observed. So, in the present tense, this verb has the forms:

I, you, we, they

have

I, you, we, they

have got

he, she, it

has

he, she, it

has got

However, when asking questions in the American version of the language, the following auxiliary verbs are involved:

have

I

do

we

do

you

you

he, she, it

does

they

The same forms are used to form negative sentences.

  • He has not (hasn’t) any enemies.
  • He does not (doesn’t) have any enemies.

Past tense

have got a rule

Separately, it is necessary to note the past tense forms for the verbhave (having). The rule of application is the same as in the present tense, that is, the use of British or American style is possible. At this time the form of the verb is only one -hadtherefore, it is not necessary to choose, but in the formation of questions and denials you still have to think a little. For example, the sentence:He had a big pie. He had a big pie.

  • British version:Had he a big pie? Did he have a big pie?
  • American version:Did he have a big pie? Did he have a big pie?

Thus, you just need to choose which style you are going to communicate in, and stick to this style throughout the entire conversation.

Have / having: education rule

A very important function that this verb performs is the formation of different tense forms. This refers to the formation of such variants of the verb ashave done / has doneorhave been had. The rule for the formation of tense formulas in which our verb participates is:

Present perfect time

have / has + Communion II

He has left the city.

He left town.

Past perfect

had + Communion II

They had done it by that time.

By the time they did it.

Future perfect time

will have + Communion II

I will have finished the week.

I'll finish work by the end of the week.

Present long perfect time

have / has been + Communion I

She has been working.

She works.

Past long perfect time

had been + Communion I

He had been reading.

He read.

Future long perfect time

will have been + Communion I

We will have been sitting.

We will sit.

Present and past tensehaveperceived as a strong auxiliary, is used to pose questions and negations to the proposal.

  • Has he left the city?
  • They hadn’t done it yet.
  • Have you been reading?

In future tense, the verb assumes such a function.will.

  • Will you have finished the week?
  • We will not have been sitting.

Modal verb have to

have got and has got rule

The rule of using this verb as a modal says that it is applicable as an expression of duty, and the subject is not aware of the need to perform the action, but this is due to some circumstances. This shade of compulsion and made this form more used in recent times. Translated into Russian, such a verb means “must, forced, should, had to,” etc.

  • He has to do it at once. He is forced to do it right away.

A distinctive feature of the modal form is that when forming a sentence in a pair with a verb, a piece always goestowhich is put before the infinitive of the main semantic verb expressing the action itself.

  • She has to leave now. She should leave now.

Also, when constructing an interrogative or negative sentence, the help of verbs is always used.do / does.

  • Do they have to buy it? Should they buy it?
  • You don’t have to read this book. You don't have to read this book.

Note that the forms of the modal verb are absolutely identical to the forms of simple semantic “to have”.

I

you

we

they

have to

he, she, it

has to

In the past and future tense, uniform forms are used for all persons and numbers.had toandwill have to.

Phraseology

In the end, I would like to remind you that in combination with some words, our verb may lose its direct meaning and be translated completely differently. Most often in such cases, when asking questions and denials, the auxiliary verb is used.do / does / did.

have been has been rule

  • She has lunch at 1. She has lunch at 1.
  • We had a talk after dinner. After dinner we talked.
  • Did you have a bath? Have you already bought?
  • I didn’t have a smoke yet. I haven't smoked yet.

As can be seen from the above information, the application and interpretation of the verb will not cause difficulties if you carefully examine all the rules. And, of course, we must not forget about the practical training.

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