Upholstery for a sofa: what to choose?
Sofa - an indispensable thing in any home. It makes no sense to talk about its merits - they are well known. But about what the upholstery in sofas is and how to choose it, not everyone knows. Go to any online store - tens and hundreds of sofas - and all of them at first glance are beautiful and flawless, but there are subtleties, knowing that you will never make a mistake in choosing.
The main characteristics of the "sofa" fabrics
- Density. The denser the fabric, the stronger the upholstery. However, it is, accordingly, more durable.
- Breathability. Breathable fabrics will not allow the sofa to grind, and therefore deform during use.
- Resistant to abrasion and cleaning. There is such a special concept as "coefficient of abrasion." The higher its value, the longer the fabric will last and the better the sofa will look after a few years of operation. According to the Martindale test, a durable fabric should have a figure not lower than 20,000.
- Spooling or pilling. The fabric is considered quality if the pellets on it are formed only after a long time, or are not formed at all.
- Light resistance - resistance to light.This indicator should not be below 4 points. Otherwise, under the action of sunlight the sofa will quickly fade.
Types of fabrics
When choosing upholstery should be aware that the sofa, like any piece of furniture, is purchased for a year. Therefore, when buying it, one should pay attention not only to the aesthetic appearance, but also to the material properties.
The most practical version of the fabric is the one that combines two qualities: wear resistance and ease of maintenance.
Proceeding from these parameters, we attributed the following to the most practical fabrics:
The name speaks for itself. The material is eco-friendly, durable and practical. Gently rubbed with a cloth - and the sofa as new. It is worth noting that with time, genuine leather not only does not deteriorate, but on the contrary, it becomes even better than the former. The only drawbacks are the price and inconvenience of use in the hot season (wet traces remain).
A worthy substitute for the above material. Modern technologies make it possible to produce artificial leather, which is almost as good as natural. At the same time at a lower price.In essence, artificial leather is a film applied on fabric. The best option in this case is a combined upholstery (a combination of natural and artificial leather).
Durable natural fabric jacquard type. It is well cleaned, does not lose color for a long time, has an antistatic effect. Not dusty, and therefore resistant to dirt. Most often, tapestry is made from 100% cotton or in a plexus with other fibers.
Jacquard or rayon
Bilayer fabric made from cotton and synthetic. Very tight and durable. Hypoallergenic and anti-toxic. But this noble and durable fabric is capricious for washing. Only dry cleaning with neutral detergents or a vacuum cleaner is permissible. Does not like direct sunlight.
Externally, the fabric resembles suede. Made of polyester or cotton. Very comfortable material both in terms of wear resistance and in terms of their care. It does not roll, does not fade and cleans well. Virtually any stains are removed with conventional cleaners.
This is a more refined jacquard. Chenille is durable, as it consists of threads of different types - natural and synthetic. This soft, warm fabric is resistant to washing.The only thing is that the sofas with such upholstery must be cleaned almost every week.
Flock, velor, suede, scotchgard, in contrast to previous fabrics, have more disadvantages, but with quality care they will last for quite a while.
A very common type of sofa upholstery in cotton and polyester. This material is non-woven - the nap is glued on a special base. The fabric does not get dirty, as it is treated with water-repellent impregnation, it washes well. The only negative - a short service life.
Fleece mixed fabric. Features weaving threads determine the strength of this material. The fabric is soft to the touch and "breathable." Does not stretch, although it is not easy to care.
Cotton fabric, the production of which uses water-repellent impregnation. In this regard, the fabric is moisture resistant and well cleaned, but short-lived. Currently not in great demand, only as a material for removable covers.
Suede and Alcantara (artificial suede)
It is able to serve for a long time only with careful care. This will require special cleaning products and soft brushes.
There are also more refined upholstery for sofas.For example, such as silk and velvet. But they, rather, are used for beauty, rather than for convenience. Silk and velvet sofas, of course, look gorgeous, but require great care and meticulous care.