Types of single sentences: features and characteristics
Traditionally, many questions are caused by the types of one-sentence sentences. According to statistics, there are a lot of mistakes in the unified state exam on compulsory discipline in tasks related to this topic. What is the difficulty? How to correctly and quickly determine the desired type? Now we will understand.
Types of single sentences: features and structures
So, as you know, all offers are divided into two types. The first is two-part (this is when there are subjects and predicate), the second type is one-part, when there is only one of the main members. Difficult are both sentences of the first type, and the second. As a rule, the main members are not always directly visible, there are moments when they are “disguised” under other parts of speech (and not the generally accepted ones - a noun and a verb), while in sentences with one main word there may be no difficulty.
Types of single-part offer: general characteristics
In order not to be mistaken in the exam, you need to learn the material at school. Traditionally, there will be five types of sentences with one member: certain-personal, impersonal, nominative, generalized and indefinite-personal. We will consider only the most basic.
- The first kind is definitely personal. Here the only member is a predicate that conveys what a person or object is doing / saying. As a rule, the verb has the forms of the first and second person, that is, you can mentally substitute such pronouns as I / we / you / you. For example:I love rain in the fall; go get some coffee.
- The second type is impersonal. One-component sentences (the types of which are discussed in the article) of this kind also have only a subject in their structure. Most often they are called state offerings. And here are the main features: the subject cannot be imagined here, the verbs express some state of nature, of man. For example:darkens; it became warm; there was no snow / no rain.
- The third type is nominative. In a different way - the entrance sentences. Everything is simple: the main and only member is the subject.An example is a lot of suggestions:late fall; April 41st; wonderful weather.
- Types of mononuclear sentences include indefinite-personal sentences. In such cases, again one member is the predicate. How to distinguish such a proposal? Instead of the subject you can easily substitute such a pronoun as "they." From here and similar examples:they knocked into the house; somewhere far in the forest they shoot.
Tips for determining
To determine the types of one-sentence sentences, you need to select the main members. If you can clearly see that he is alone, you need to determine the part of speech. After these actions, the most difficult begins. As it was written above, the type of sentence depends in most cases on the face of the verb. Therefore, after determining the part of speech, it is necessary to substitute pronouns to the verb to determine its face. Further, there is no doubt in determining the desired type of proposal.
So without visible problems, you can easily and accurately address such a complex problem of the Russian language.