Types of nipples for children
With the appearance of the baby in the house, he is gradually filled with various items for the care of the crumbs, about the acquisition of which the parents had never thought about. It is difficult to imagine growing up a baby without the use of baby nipples. Their types in the modern world are so different that it is almost impossible to choose the right person without consulting a specialist in this field. If our grandmothers were holding in their hands only an ordinary rubber pacifier, then the young parents of the twenty-first century will experience a real shock when they first found themselves in children's stores. Before them there is a choice between all those types of nipples, which are produced by Russian and foreign companies. It is interesting that among themselves they differ not only in design, but also in purpose, material, and also in size.
If you have recently become parents or are just standing on the threshold of this wonderful event, then thanks to us you will be able to choose such an important children's accessory as a nipple. Types of pacifiers and nipples for feeding bottles, we now consider from different angles,that will allow moms and dads to buy for their children only the best possible options on the market for children's products.
Let's talk about the history of the nipple and their purpose
Few people know that the dummy in the form in which it is known in the modern world appeared more than a hundred years ago. It was invented by Christian Meinecke, and from this time on, the planet's moms literally split into two warring camps. Some cannot imagine their life without the use of several types of pacifier nipples. These mothers have in stock up to ten nipples, each of which is used under certain circumstances. For example, at night a glowing dummy is relevant, during sleep - without a ring-holder, and if the baby is sick, then a nipple-thermometer will do. However, other mommies are sure that one can do without such items. They consider useless and harmful all kinds of nipples for children. At the same time they offer the baby to satisfy the natural sucking reflex only through the mother's breast. Which of the mummies is right? Can I do without dummies? And why then so many kinds of nipples are invented? All these questions are quite natural, because even the opinion of experts on this topic is not always perceived by parents as the last resort.Yes Yes. Do not be surprised. Your baby can have its own opinion about the use of pacifiers, which will be announced to you loudly.
So why do you need a dummy? Any healthy baby whose nervous system is in balance has a sucking reflex. While still in the womb, he begins to suck on his fingers, which helps him to attach to the mother's breast after birth. Ideally, it is this process that should completely satisfy the sucking reflex of the crumbs, up to a year, when it gradually goes to food with a spoon. However, this is possible only when the mother gives the baby a breast on demand and does not take it away even if the baby sucks her for more than an hour. In such situations, none of the commercially available nipple types for children replace breast. Baby will grow calm and emotionally attached to his mother.
Many families where breastfeeding is practiced, teach the baby to a certain diet. In twenty to thirty minutes, the crumb does not have time to satisfy his reflex and begins to act up. A similar situation is observed with children who are bottle-fed.Some from birth eat through a bottle, others due to the lack of breast milk gradually switch to a similar type of food. In any case, babies have an acute need for sucking in order to calm down, fall asleep or facilitate the discharge of gases from the intestines. If such babies are not given a pacifier, then the parents are provided with constant moods and a shaky nervous system, which in the future can lead to various problems in development. Also, do not forget that the newborn has a lower jaw about one and a half centimeters less than the upper. It is designed by nature to facilitate the passage of crumbs through the birth canal and reduce injuries during this process. Literally six months, the lower jaw reaches the desired size, but this is done through constant sucking of the breast or pacifier. The development of the jaw forms and bite baby, any deviations in which will be noticeable by two or three years.
When we talk about dummies, we need to remember about premature babies. They are deprived of the opportunity to attach themselves to the maternal breast upon birth and in the first days, or even months after birth.Therefore, they just need a nipple, it allows you to simultaneously develop the jaw and nervous system. After reaching the desired weight, the baby will be able to actively suck the breast and will not be any different from his peers.
As you could see, the nipple may even be necessary for the baby, and therefore a large number of pacifier nipples are justified (we will show the photo in the article below) in Russian stores. We will help you to orient in the presented variety.
Types of nipples
Starting a conversation about the nipples, you should immediately note that initially they are divided into two large groups:
- Dummy. Called to satisfy the baby's sucking reflex and help him develop properly.
- Nipples for feeding. They are put on the bottle and have a different degree of flow, corresponding to the age needs of the crumbs. These nipples are used for feeding "artificiality" and babies whose mothers temporarily cannot breastfeed, or are constantly decanting and bottle-feeding.
Both groups are divided in parallel according to some parameters characterizing them:
- Material. Nipples and pacifiers are made from rubber, latex and silicone.Each parent chooses the material that seems to them the most secure.
- The shape of the nipples. Bite formation is a very complex process. A noticeable role in it is played by the shape of the nipple, since it affects the location of the pacifier in the baby’s mouth. The manufacturer produces pacifiers anatomical, orthodontic and classical forms.
- The size of the nipples. Newly minded parents do not always understand that the soother must be appropriate for the age and weight of the infant. If this is not taken into account, then the baby will be uncomfortable to hold the nipple in his mouth, and he will begin to spit it out, even if there is a need for sucking.
Some moms and dads pay great attention to the brand, whose name is printed on the packaging nipples. Of course, among experienced parents there is a certain rating of producers, but the whole point of the situation is that your baby does not know about him. And because he can reject the most branded pacifiers and with pleasure suck the one that costs no more than fifty rubles.
I would also like to mention the unusual pacifiers. Some parents, trying to stand out, prefer, for example, the nipple in the form of a chamomile.However, pediatricians do not welcome such an approach, since most of the products of this plan do not help babies to form the correct bite and turn sucking into a kind of game.
In the following sections of the article, we will analyze the nipples on the basic parameters and only then proceed to consider them for the intended purpose.
Such baby's dummies are getting smaller in children's stores. Among all types of pacifier, they enjoy the lowest consumer demand, as they are considered obsolete. Parents refuse rubber pacifiers due to the abundance of impurities in the material that cause an allergic reaction. For many babies, after such a nipple, the cheeks are instantly covered with red spots, from which it will be difficult to get rid of later. In addition, rubber pacifiers very quickly become useless. However, they are perfect crumbs in the period of teething. For a short period of time it is quite possible to purchase a rubber pacifier so that the baby scratches its gums.
Many parents among all types of nipples on the bottle and pacifiers are attracted to those that are made of latex.This material is natural, it is also known under the name "rubber". Latex is a mixture of proteins, amino acids and polymers, which seems to moms and dads as safe as possible for babies. Nipples made from this material have a yellowish tint, in some products turning into a brown color. Pediatricians note that they are distinguished by elasticity and softness, therefore, among the variety of types of nipples for newborns, such products are most suitable. They are also advised to premature babies and those who have weak muscle tone.
However, we must not forget about the shortcomings of pacifiers and nipples made of latex. They, unfortunately, they have quite a lot. First of all, it should be borne in mind that the natural composition can cause allergies in the baby. In addition, the manufacturer does not always use high-quality material, and low-grade latex contains in its composition carcinogens, which, of course, can not bring the little one benefit. When purchasing a latex pacifier, you must remember that it does not withstand exposure to high temperatures. Therefore, it can not be boiled or sterilized.In addition, these products quickly come into disrepair, gluing and increasing in size. Latex nipples are prone to cracking, darken under the direct rays of the sun and difficult to wash off dirt, which seems to stick to them on purpose.
If you still buy a latex pacifier for your child, change it more often. Pediatricians are advised to do this every month of use. In this case, it does not matter whether it is damaged or it has preserved its integrity.
A dummy made of this synthetic material is considered as safe as possible. It will not cause allergies, will retain its shape and elasticity for a long time, it has no smell and any taste.
The advantages of these nipples include their resistance to high temperatures. Moms can safely sterilize silicone pacifiers and boil them throughout their use. And they can be used for no more than six weeks, then the nipple should be changed to a new one.
Latex soothers are very easy to wash, they do not absorb extraneous odors, but in themselves they are quite tough, therefore they are suitable only for strong babies with a pronounced sucking reflex.
Pediatricians are advised to abandon silicone products from the moment the child begins to cut teeth. The fact is that the crumbs easily bite off the nipple-like pieces and can suffocate by breathing in one of them.
Classic nipple shape
Newly minded parents are often confused as to which dummy will be best for their baby. Therefore, sometimes they prefer the most exotic forms available on the market. For example, you can buy a pacifier in the form of a bear or any other animal, but your baby will most likely not like it. In addition, these products do not meet the standards prescribed by pediatricians.
The classic shape of the nipples is also known to our grandmothers, since it was the only option presented in children's stores. A round dummy, as it is called, usually fits all babies without exception. It looks like a hollow ball on the leg, so the baby can be given it by absolutely any side. Some parents appreciate this option for such versatility. Experts believe that the classic pacifier is most similar to the mother's breast, so newborns willingly suck on it.
However, pediatricians are not recommended for a long time to use this type of nipples.It has been proven that it forms an abnormal bite in babies, which in the future is almost impossible to correct.
Dummies of this form are considered modern and contribute to the formation of the correct bite. They have a beveled end on one side and rounded on the other, which ultimately resembles an ellipse. Anatomical shape allows the nipple to fit snugly to the sky and conveniently located in the mouth of the baby.
Such pacifiers have a lot of advantages that parents can not always immediately see. For example, the anatomical form does not allow the crumbs to swallow air in the process of sucking. Accordingly, problems with the tummy is becoming less.
Manufacturers produce similar types of nipples ("Avent", for example, receives very good feedback from parents) of several sizes. Thus you can choose the right one for a large or small baby. Mommies should know that in general, the dummy can not exceed one and a half centimeters. Otherwise, the crumbs will be uncomfortable, and he may begin to choke.
The cons of anatomical nipples do not exist. But still, the baby can abandon it for reasons and parents will have to look for another kind of dummy.
Today, most parents, choosing a dummy, is considering just such an option. The orthodontic teat is a teardrop-shaped, it has a beveled tip on one side and a little flattened on the other. This allows you to conveniently place it in your mouth and almost completely eliminates the deformation of the bite.
Some pediatricians claim that the soother of this form is suitable even for crumbs that are breastfed. Usually in such cases, moms are afraid to give babies a pacifier so that they do not give up their breasts. However, the orthodontic form is as close to the natural one as possible, and therefore the crumb will capture the pacifier in exactly the same way as the mother nipple.
When choosing a dummy you need to consider that it is of three types. The most popular and common of all is called "cherry." It is very conveniently located in the mouth and is ideal for large babies with a large palate. Usually all the kids perfectly perceive this type, but still there are babies who absolutely refuse such nipples. In this case, try to get him a "heart".
This form is most convenient for the formation of the correct bite. It is safe even for newborns and is easily accepted by them.
The third type of orthodontic nipple is called the “butterfly” and is purchased for children who prefer to sleep on their stomachs. It allows you to satisfy the sucking reflex and does not block the breath of the baby.
Some manufacturers, such as, for example, “Avent” (there are more than ten types of the nipple of this company), also produce symmetrical soothers. They are flattened on both sides, so you do not need to think about which side to give to your baby.
On the packaging of the pacifier, the manufacturer applies a special marking, which is a peculiar size range. It is necessary to adhere to it if your baby develops according to the classical scheme. But in the case when he is smaller or, conversely, larger than his peers, it is worthwhile to acquire a pacifier, focusing on the actual size of the child.
The smallest nipple size is designed for premature babies whose weight does not reach two kilograms. Next come dummies, calculated for the period from birth to three months.Larger nipples are labeled "from three to six months." The largest size starts at six months and has no upper limit.
Do not forget that if the baby is given a pacifier not according to his age, then the risk of biting problems is high.
Types of nipple for feeding
Mummies, for various reasons, are switching to feeding the crumbs from a bottle. But in any case, they have to solve the problem of choice again, and here it is just as not as simple as with dummies.
First of all, you need to know that all types of bottle nipples are also made of latex, rubber and silicone. Last pediatricians call the best option for children of any age. The shape of the nipple also matters, but most often parents acquire the classic version, which is considered the most common among the other types of nipple (“Avent classic”, for example). However, all the listed characteristics are not as important as the flow rate. If it does not match the age of the crumbs, then he will choke and, together with the milk, the baby will pick up air. As a result, he was provided with colic and problems with the digestive system.
The flow rate is divided into the following categories:
- Minimum. It is ideal for just born children, as the nipple has only one hole located on the side. This allows the crumbs not to choke during feeding. Many manufacturers label such a stream with one drop.
- Slow. Buying such a nipple is worth considering if your baby is already one month old. He probably learned to eat properly and is able to keep milk in the stomach, which is coming fairly quickly. The nipple has two holes at the end, indicated by two drops.
- Average. Children from three to six months need a quicker intake of food or drink. Therefore, for their age, three-hole nipples are available.
- Fast. For a child of six months, a fast flow is perfectly suited, provided there are four holes in the nipple.
In recent years, manufacturers began to produce nipples with adjustable flow rate. Depending on the rotation of the nipples, it varies, so such an acquisition may be universal.
Most of the babies in the first months of life suffer from colic due to the air that enters the stomach when feeding. If you cannot cope with this problem in any way, then try the anti-colic nipple. It has a special valve that closes and prevents the ingestion of air.Pediatricians can not unequivocally answer the question about the effectiveness of this option, but still, some kids, judging by the reviews of moms, he helped.