In the twentieth century, scientists discovered more than 50 unknown species of animals, in the same century about 100 known species disappeared from the face of the earth. Only mammals over the past 50 years has become 25 species less. And people are to blame.
Many animals are on the verge of extinction thanks to humans
They ruthlessly destroyed and continue to destroy rare animals. And here is just a small list of those representatives of the fauna that are on the verge of complete extinction.
Mammals are the heaviest and largest in Europe. These are the last European representatives of wild bulls. Earlier, bison lived in mixed and deciduous forests of Central, Western and Southeastern Europe, the Caucasus, the Caucasus and Northern Iran. However, due to the ruthless hunt of people on animals, as well as the drainage of swamps and deforestation, the "house" of bison almost ceased to exist. By 1927, there were only 48 specimens of powerful animals in the world.
The weight of an adult bison reaches 8 quintals
Scientists attended to the rapid disappearance of bison and identified small areas of the forest where animals could freely live and breed.As a result, there are now about 3 thousand individuals in the world, about 100 kept in captivity.
This is a large flightless bird. As a rule, an adult individual grows up to 1.5 meters in length and weighs approximately 80 kilograms. Casuaries live in tropical forests in northeastern Australia and New Guinea. However, the place of residence of a giant bird quickly mastered man.
Feathers bird updates once a year, during moulting
Wild dogs and pigs reduce the amount of animal life; they eat chicks and bird eggs. Nowadays, the population of helmet-bearing cusparies is only 1.5 thousand individuals.
The rarest and most quaint crocodile in the world. Due to the constant reduction of the habitats of gavials and the destruction of fish stocks, by 1970 there were almost no individuals left. But India has developed programs for the artificial breeding of rare crocodiles. This helped increase the number of gavials to 1.5 thousand. But now this rare animal in the world continues to die.
Of all the crocodiles, gavials spend the most time in the water.
Crocodiles are entangled in fishing nets, and their eggs continue to be collected for medical purposes.Males are hunted due to growths on the nose, which are considered excellent aphrodisiacs.
The animal is known all over the world, because it is a big panda painted on the emblem of the World Wide Fund for Nature. But the popularity of these cute bears does not help to escape from extinction. Possession of pandas, which is located in South Asia, was reduced to only a few small plantations. Moreover, they are all separated, that is, isolated from each other. Now in the world there are only 1200 individuals.
In addition to bamboo, pandas sometimes eat food of animal origin.
The most beautiful cat once lived in the mountains of Central Asia. It looks like a white leopard, but much smaller and has a long and bushy tail. Now snow leopards are rarely found in the wild, as they are secretive predators. Moreover, the snow leopard is considered almost extinct, its population is only 2 thousand individuals.
Snow leopard can jump 6 meters in length
The cause of extinction is a reduction in habitat, a decrease in the number of ungulates that snow leopards feed on, as well as the development of mountain pastures and developing tourism, which allows people to get to the most remote parts of the mountains.
The animal has almost become a myth. These are the last wild horses in the plains of Asia. Almost all individuals were driven out of their territories and captured by humans. Therefore, there are only a thousand horses in the world, named after the famous explorer Nikolai Mikhailovich Przhevalsky. Moreover, they are bred in captivity in reserves and zoos.
Przewalski's horses - the only subspecies of wild horses that exists on Earth
People did not manage to domesticate the wild horse, since it does not respond to training by nature and does not allow itself to be traveled. The only place where theoretically you can meet the Przhevalsky horse is the Mongolian deserts. However, the animal was not seen there for more than 50 years. Therefore, it is likely that such horses will be transferred to the wild.
These large monkeys can be found in dense tropical forests in southwestern Uganda, Rwanda, in the east of the Republic of the Congo. Gorillas have a rather formidable look and impressive size, but the animal itself is peaceful and very sociable. However, hunting for animals, destruction of their habitat, diseases and the desire of circuses to get at least one individual can leave the planet forever without mountain gorillas.Now there are no more than 720.
DNA of gorillas and humans is 95-99% similar.
The rarest animal in the world, which, moreover, is included in the Red Book. The Amur tiger is widespread in the south-east of Russia and is considered the largest of its relatives. The habitat of this animal is intensively reduced, predators mercilessly exterminate.
Amur tiger - endangered species
Therefore, at the beginning of this century, the number of Amur tigers almost crossed the critical mark. Measures to protect them helped to slightly increase the number of individuals to 400.
The smallest rhino in the world. Not long ago, he lived quietly in the swamps and rainforests of Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, China and Bangladesh. Now he is on the verge of extinction. In the world there are only 6 populations of Sumatran rhinos that live on the island of Sumatra, Borneo and the Malay Peninsula.
On the black market, the cost of 1 kilogram of rhino horns can reach $ 30 thousand
Animals live alone, so the exact number of them is very difficult to calculate. According to experts, these rhinos are no more than 275.The reason for the catastrophically rapid contraction is called Chinese pseudomedicine, which uses the horns of an animal for its treatment methods.
Small crocodiles live exclusively in the Philippines. And also are on the verge of extinction. Most often, poachers who use original fishing methods destroy them.
Philippine crocodile quite aggressive
The hunt for the Philippine crocodile is prohibited, but the population is still declining. And now in the world only 200 individuals.
Far Eastern Leopard
A century and a half ago, a predator could be found in the southern part of the now Primorsky Territory. But the numbers began to rapidly decline due to hunting for Far Eastern leopards. A man liked their beautiful skin. And parts of the animal's body, from claws to the liver, were used in traditional Chinese medicine. According to estimates, the number of predators is negligible. In Russia, there are only 30 cats, another 10 lives in China.
Far Eastern leopard is listed in the Red Book
These parrots can not be found in the wild. The last free male disappeared in 2000.A little earlier, scientists tried to restore the number, planting females, but the bird died. Now only 30 individuals of the blue macaw live in captivity.
Blue macaws became heroes of the cartoon "Rio"
This is perhaps the most spectacular amphibian on Earth. It lives only on one mountain in Costa Rica. The orange toad was discovered in 1966 and already after 10 years the population almost completely disappeared.
The reason for the disappearance has not been established. After 1989, the amphibian has disappeared and is considered an extinct species.
The rarest type of cougar. An endangered species of only 5-15 individuals in the world. And you can only meet him in the swamps and forests of South Florida. Florida cougar is lost due to draining of swamps and sport hunting for animals.
Florida puma feeds on deer
Editorial uznayvse.ru invites you to look at the wonders of the depths of the sea, where you can meet rare and unusual animals. For example, an octopus that is very similar to Dumbo's baby elephant, or a squid that resembles.
The rarest animal in the world image, picture, imagery