The place and role of philosophy in the culture and spiritual life of society
Human activity has both a material,so the spiritual principle, and the spiritual side of activity has always been especially important for social life, society and the individual. Philosophy, however, helped the culture to realize itself - for one of the main questions of philosophy has always been the problem whether the spiritual principle is opposed to the material or supplements it. The place and role of philosophy in culture since ancient times was due to the contradictory process of the development of social relations. Of particular importance is the philosophical study of this problem in our time.
Plato also formulated the concept of spirituality asthe world of ideas, images and concepts that a person recollects, and the more a person approaches these ideas, the more spiritual he becomes. Ideas from the point of view of Plato are the basis, the goal and the beginning of everything. So, the great philosopher justified the primacy of spirituality. Since then, theoretically, philosophy fulfills the functions of protecting and creating civilization. After all, the place and role of philosophy in culture also consists in the fact that it tries to connect this area of world outlook and values, as well as solve the problem of ontology of civilization, to understand what exactly in material and spiritual culture it refers to genuine values for man. From the successful search for a constructive solution to this problem, the preconditions for the preservation and survival of the cultural environment of mankind depend.
Mission of philosophy, its value in the social sphereconsists in the anthropological vocation of this theoretical worldview. It should help a person to create his own world and establish himself in it not only as a being possessing intelligence, consciousness and self-awareness, but also as a highly moral and emotionally sensitive individuality. Therefore, the place and role of philosophy in culture can not be overemphasized, especially in relation to the formation of the human person. It awakens a person to a creative, constructive comprehension of himself, the world, social practice and social progress in the future. The same Plato in the dialogue "Timaeus" once said that philosophy is such a gift of the gods to the human race, better than it was not and never will be.
Thus, the fundamental place and rolephilosophy in culture encourages her to constantly demand from a person to replenish his knowledge of the world and about the "homo sapiens", but for the sake of constant work on oneself. For this, philosophy teaches to think creatively, independently, all the while staying in search. And in our age of crises and exacerbations of various global problems, philosophy is also obliged to analyze the permissible limits of the "instrumental" and "pragmatic" attitude to nature and the environment, and not to abstract from a possible apocalypse, but to become a "philosophy of life."
A separate issue in this area is thethe balance of philosophy and science. If individual sciences investigate certain phenomena in order that later they can practically apply the acquired knowledge, use them to satisfy human needs, then philosophy explores the world as a kind of integrity. It seeks to give a general idea of what the world is, whether it is finite, whether we know, and how, whether it makes sense in its existence and in human life, and how exactly a person must live this life. In addition, science itself and the problems that arise before it are an additional source of philosophical knowledge. Science and philosophy have a common discourse - they are based on theoretical arguments, operate with logical concepts.
Religion was an earlier form of worldviewhumanity. It also perceives being as wholeness, but above all it is interested in another, noumenal, not phenomenal world, of ideal entities that is inaccessible to the senses, but perceived by faith and intelligible in some aspects by reason. This rational justification of faith is called theology, based on philosophy. Modern religious philosophy is a modernized version of theology, and at the same time it raises global problems characteristic of philosophy, raises questions about human being, the relationship between man and the world (as, for example, neo-Thomism), but views them through the prism of "primary values" - faith and love of God.