The Orange Revolution: Preconditions and Effect
Ukraine, as a young and independent state,gradually moving towards economic and social well-being. The basis of this well-being is directly the political system of the country. But the formation of this system does not always happen peacefully.
The turning point in the political history of Ukraine was2004, when the whole country was stirred up by the orange revolution. What was the prerequisite for a popular uprising? Perhaps, the main emphasis should be made on the economic component. After all, it was the desire for economic prosperity, social change that moved the people at that time.
The Orange Revolution is a combinationheld rallies of protests, strikes and other actions of general disobedience, the main organizers of which were supporters of the opposition candidate for the presidency in the 2004 election race - Viktor Yushchenko.
On the eve of 2004, the society began to formthe opinion of the coming to power of a certain political and economic group, which by force will carry out its reforms. This group was associated, first of all, with one of the presidential candidates, namely Viktor Yanukovych.
But as evidenced by the further developmentevents, there was nothing to be afraid of. Since the next presidential election was won by Viktor Yanukovich, whose policy positively affects the development of Ukraine.
The Orange Revolution (or rather the first sharesprotest) began after the first preliminary announcement of the results by the Central Election Commission. According to the counted votes, Viktor Yanukovych's rival Viktor Yanukovich became the winner. But it was too early to congratulate the winner, as the decision of the Supreme Court of Ukraine instructed the CEC to hold a second round of voting.
The Ukrainian people began to actively protest against theof the announced decision. The main reason for the protests was distrust of the official results of the election campaign, as well as accusations of mass falsification of votes. Its role was played by the poisoning of one of the candidates, namely Viktor Yushchenko, with an unknown poison. It was also alarming that the preliminary polls, the so-called exit polls, showed quite opposite results.
Every day in the protests took part allmore people, and the orange revolution was gaining momentum. Activists from the people, despite everything, defended their opinion. The second round of elections held also did not give the desired result, but the revolutionaries did not give up. Holding a re-vote in the second round brought the desired victory, and Viktor Yushchenko was elected president.
Why the mass movement in Ukraine receivedthe name is the "orange revolution"? Most likely, the reason for this was the coloring of the candidate's symbols, in support of which the people, in particular, orange tones acted.
In the history of independent Ukraine this revolution wasone of the most massive, before this such unrest was not. The Ukrainian people decided to demonstrate to the whole world their opinion, which, most likely, was dictated by the dissatisfaction with their social position and the slow pace of economic reforms.
As for the results of the Orange Revolution,then, first of all, it is a demonstration of freedom of speech and expression of will, as it was of a peaceful nature, and force methods were practically not applied. The main victory was that people realized the power of their words and their actions, got the opportunity to communicate their opinions to a wide range of people, the opportunity to achieve their goals. Although after each revolution, and the Orange Revolution in Ukraine was no exception, there is disappointment.