The main symptoms of rabies in humans, methods of treatment and prevention of the disease
Rabies is an extremely dangerous disease. At one time it was a death sentence for the patient. Fortunately, today there is a vaccine that copes with the disease quite successfully, but only if it is used immediately after infection. That is why it is so important to know what the main symptoms of rabies look like in a person. In addition, information on methods of infection will be helpful.
Rabies in humans: the main causes of the disease
The rabies virus is transmitted through saliva, so infection usually occurs during the bite of an infected animal. Both dogs, cats and other representatives of the animal world are subject to this disease. Therefore, you should be careful even with pets, especially if they were not given appropriate vaccinations.In addition, by close contact with a sick animal (or person), the virus can enter the bloodstream even through mucous membranes or minor scratches on the skin.
The main symptoms of rabies in humans
Immediately it should be noted that the incubation period of the disease can last from two weeks to two months - this time is enough to get vaccinated. The rabies virus affects the nervous system, which explains the very characteristic symptoms of rabies in humans. By the way, the symptoms depend on exactly what stage of the development of the disease:
- The first or prodromal stage is practically in 80% of cases in one way or another connected with the bite site. The skin in this area is often swollen, red, itching and pain. As the disease develops, the temperature rises. The patient complains of general malaise, weakness, nausea, shortness of breath and migraine. Sometimes there are sleep disturbances, nightmares, the emergence of a gratuitous feeling of fear, increased auditory and visual sensitivity.
- The second stage is accompanied by much greater damage to the nervous system.At this stage, as a rule, there are such well-known symptoms of rabies in humans, such as bouts of strong arousal, increased sweating, copious saliva secretion, which leads to the formation of "foam" in the mouth. Patients during an attack become extremely aggressive and often attack the people around them. In addition, the signs include the fear of water, increased sensitivity to bright light and noise, hallucinations. Most people die at this stage from respiratory arrest or a heartbeat.
- The third stage is accompanied by gradual paralysis of the muscles, which leads to a fatal outcome.
How to protect yourself from rabies?
Today, the only treatment is rabies vaccine. Remember that any bite should be regarded as a potential danger, even if it is a favorite pet. In animals, the symptoms are somewhat similar to their manifestations in humans: they become extremely aggressive and often attack the owner. Immediately after the attack and the bite, you need to go to the hospital, since a person should be vaccinated against rabies during the incubation period.After the appearance of the first symptoms of this disease is almost impossible to cure.