The main functions of philosophy (briefly)
Philosophy is a science that occupies a special place in the system of knowledge surrounding the person.It originated back in the days of the Ancient World andaccompanied the person on the path of all of his formation and development. During this huge period of time, many currents originated and disappeared, but each of the exercises was a system of relations with the surrounding reality. The functions and methods of philosophy help a person to find his place in life, understand what the world is, society and every person, and allows us to comprehend the secrets of the universe. This science determines the system of views on various areas of life, and also gives certain knowledge.
The functions of philosophy (briefly) are the most important directions of such a science, which make it possible to apply it for the realization of various goals and tasks. All functions are described below.
- Thought-theoretical. Promotes the development of conceptual thinking and teaches the creation of various theories. Such functions of philosophy briefly and maximally understandably generalize the surrounding world and create systems of knowledge to which it obeys. Allow to create thought-logical schemes.
- Axiological. Assesses the phenomena and objects of the world around the existing system of values, for example, ethical, moral, moral, social, ideological. The main purpose of such a function of philosophy in society is to weed out all the inhibitory and unnecessary, missing and accepting only what will be useful at this stage of development. The greatest activity is observed in the critical moments of history: the overthrow of power, revolution, confrontation.
- Epistemological. Carries out a special mechanism of cognition, relying only on a reliable and correct understanding of reality.
- Prognostic. Such functions of philosophy briefly allow to predict the development and trends of society, man and nature on the basis of existing achievements and knowledge.
- World outlook. Carries out the formation of ideas about the world as a single whole. The surrounding reality provides knowledge about the interaction with a person and determines its place.
- Critical. Provides a person with food for thought. The main task of this function of philosophy (briefly) is to question knowledge about the surrounding world, to look at things and phenomena from a new angle, and also to determine previously unexplored qualities and traits. The ultimate goal is the destruction of contradictions and dogmas, the expansion of the boundaries of knowledge and the increase in the reliability of the available.
- Social. Provision to the individual and society as a whole of knowledge about the causes of its origin and development, the definition of the most important driving forces and elements, the elimination of contradictions and the identification of directions for further improvement.
- Methodological. The working out of the main directions and methods of cognition.
- Educational and humanitarian. Defining and strengthening existing ideals and moral values, adapting a person to the surrounding reality and strengthening moral standards.