It will be useful to know which of the railway tunnels is the longest, and which is the longest tunnel in the world. It is also interesting to find out the name of the longest tunnel in Russia and in its capital.
The longest railway tunnelIt is known that the longest tunnel among the railways is the unique Gotthard tunnel in Switzerland. Its construction was carried out since 1999 - almost seventeen years, although the first sketch appeared in 1947. On June 1, 2016, the authorities announced that the tunnel would be ready for commissioning after it passed serious tests, which will continue until December 2016.
From 2017, the Gotthard Tunnel will become part of the single pan-European high-speed railway network NEAT (NEue AlpenTransversale), reducing the distance between Zurich and Milan.It is assumed that the speed of high-speed trains while passing through this underground tunnel will be about 250 kilometers per hour, and freight trains will reach speeds of not less than 160 kilometers.
The longest tunnel in MoscowMany tunnels built in Russian Moscow. Today, the tunnels help unload capital roads, as well as being the optimal solution to the metropolis transport problem. One of the longest is the one that is laid under the Silver Bor. Its length is more than three kilometers. This tunnel is one of the most difficult sections of Krasnopresnensky Avenue.
The longest tunnel in RussiaIt is interesting to find out details about the tunnel of the greatest length in Russia. Such is the Gyumrinsky tunnel, which is road and located in Dagestan. It is the longest not only in Russia, but throughout the CIS.
Construction began in the seventies, but in the nineties the laying was suspended. In 2008, its reconstruction began, which spent more than ten billion rubles. The opening took place in the fall of 2012.
The longest tunnel in the worldSince the tunnels are different, you can call the longest tunnels of each type. So “champion” among the automobile tunnels is Lerdalsky tunnel.It is located in Norway and has a length of twenty-four and a half kilometers.
The longest railway tunnel for a long time was the Japanese Seikan. But it will soon start moving along another tunnel that has already been built, which is almost three kilometers longer than the Japanese - this is the Gotthard tunnel, laid in Switzerland under a mountain pass. Its length is fifty seven kilometers.
There are irrigation tunnels. The longest of them is the Turkish tunnel called Sanliurfa. Its task is to distribute the water of the Euphrates River so that the nearby desert lands can be turned into fruitful farms. It consists of two main tunnels of twenty six kilometers four hundred meters each.Among reclamation systems - this is an absolute record.
Interest is not only tunnels, but also bridges. For example, according to uznayvse.ru, the world's longest railway bridge with a length of 164.8 kilometers. Read more about this.