The layout of the Khrushchev: typical differences, features and options for redevelopment
The Khrushchevs are five-storey buildings withbrick or tiled walls. The beginning of construction is in the 60s of the twentieth century, when the goal was to create the maximum number of residential buildings in a minimum period, which is why the Khrushchevs are characterized by low comfort in housing. The layout of the Khrushchev has many varieties, depending on the area and location of the apartment.
The main characteristics of the Khrushchev
Khrushchev initially belonged to the type of temporaryhousing with an operational life of up to 25 years. The unbearable type of buildings had a residential norm of up to 50 years. However, after a while it was decided that Khrushchev could be used for up to 150 years, provided that the terms of capital repair work were observed. The layout of the Khrushchev has its own characteristics, among which:
- combined bathrooms;
- availability of communicating rooms;
- small area;
- low ceilings;
- poor heat and sound insulation caused by insufficient wall thickness.
The ceiling height in the Khrushchev's can hardly reach 2.5 m,in houses of block type this figure can increase up to 2,7 m. Elevators in 4- or 5-storey buildings are absent, which does not increase the comfortableness of housing conditions.
The area of apartments
Planning Khrushchev largely depends on the area of housing:
- the total area of one-room apartments varies from 31 to 33 m2;
- two-room apartments - 30-46 m2;
- three-room apartments - 55-58 m2.
Analyzing the area of each individual room, you can get the following figures:
- the area of the living room in Khrushchev varies from 14 m2;
- bedrooms have an area of 8 m2;
- children from 6 m2;
- kitchen - from 4.5 m2.
Despite the fact that in many cities because of the condition of such structures have already been identified for demolition, major repairs can significantly extend the life of Soviet Khrushchev.
Varieties of Khrushchev
The layout of the Khrushchev has various variations. There are several series of buildings, each of which has its own peculiarities.
Buildings of the 1960-1967 period
Similar buildings belong to the series 1-464, their distinctive features are low ceilings (2.5 m), a combined bathroom, kitchen with a small area (5.8 m2); the presence of built-in wardrobes, pantry and balcony. On the ground floor there are four apartments. Houses are usually paneled, having five floors.
Buildings of 1963-1967 years
Relate to the series 1-335, from the previous differ only in the increased size of the kitchen (6.2 m2). In one-room apartments the living room has an area of 18 m2, at the end of the room there is a pantry, the exit to the balcony is also carried out from the living room. The bathroom is combined and is located near the kitchen.
Buildings 1958-1964 years
Relate to the series 1-434, the differences from the previous series are only in the area of rooms. For one-room apartments this figure reaches 17-18 m2, and for two- and three-room ranges in the range of 17-20.5 m2. The layout of the Khrushchev, 2 rooms of which have an end arrangement, are considered the most comfortable of this series.
Buildings 1958-1964 years
Relate to the series 1-434S, have a similar layout. Kitchen area increased to 5.9 m2. Are located in brick five-story buildings, the floors between the floors are made of reinforced concrete slabs.
Arrangement of a small Khrushchev
Planning Khrushchev, 2 rooms which you needmake cozy and functional, require a responsible approach to the issue of design. The most difficult in the design is a one-bedroom apartment, its small area does not provide an opportunity to equip each member of the family with a place for privacy.
Therefore, in order to equip one roombedroom, living room, nursery and study, you need to try hard. To help the owners come transforming furniture, which can perform several functions at once. The main thing is that when choosing to give preference to high-quality goods, which can for a long time undergo active operation, while maintaining a good appearance.
The layout of the 3-room Khrushchev
In a three-room Khrushchev in one of the roomsThere is a pantry. Optimal use of this room to arrange a full bedroom with its own dressing room. This solution will help to cope with the problem of storing things in the apartment, relieve the room and create an organized space.
The second room, as a rule, is made out underliving room. In it you can receive guests, leave them overnight. The third room is a nursery. If the family has many children, the living room can also be designed very functionally, providing not only a children's playground, but also a common area, for example, for viewing the TV by the whole family.
With the right approach, you can make a cozy andFunctional apartment, even from the smallest Khrushchev. The layout of the apartments allows you to experiment with the placement of furniture and functional areas. The optimal option for creating a comfortable apartment (especially for one-room Khrushchev) is the acquisition of a quality design project, in which every step is thought through to the smallest detail.