The historical portrait of Vladimir Monomakh - Prince of Kiev
The historical portraits of the figures of Russia adequately adorn the face of Vladimir Monomakh - ruler, warrior, legislator and writer.
The future prince was born in 1053., in a large family of Vsevolod, the beloved son of Yaroslav the Wise. His mother was the Byzantine princess Anna, from it he got the grandfather's nickname - Monomakh. Childhood Vladimir spent in Pereyaslavl, a border town, which has long served as a cordon between the Rusics and nomads.
Historical portraits of princes of Kievan Rusonce they prove that they were growing up early in those days. From a young age, Prince Vladimir was given a teaching, was capable of science and possessed an extraordinary literary talent. Already at thirteen years the prince moved to Rostov, where he looked after his father's estate, at seventeen he was trusted by the larger Smolensk principality. In 1072, at the direction of his father, he took over the Vladimir-Volyn lands, and from 1078 he came to reign in Chernigov.
Talent strategist and politician
Historical portrait of Vladimir Monomakh 1053 -1125 years. would not be complete without a description of his military successes. The time of Vladimir's reign was not peaceful and calm. Many times he had to fight with both external and internal enemies. The Chernigov period reveals in Vladimir the features of a talented commander and strategist. The first known military campaign was undertaken in 1076, when the prince accepted the offer of the Polish king and participated in battles against the Germans and Czechs. The military talent of Vladimir Monomakh was manifested not in a rough onslaught, but in dexterity, the desire to overcome the enemy with small sacrifices, and sometimes completely do without struggle. Demonstrative was the battle of Chernigov in 1095, after which the combined efforts of Russian troops forced the nomads to move far into the steppe. For the first time the Russian army fought on the territory of the enemy. Several Polovtsian camps were defeated, and rich booty was captured.
In 1097 the decision of the Lyubech Congresswas established "ladder" right of inheritance, which fixed the order of Yaroslav the Wise on the division of land between sons. According to this right, Svyatoslav ascended to the throne of Kiev. Vladimir Monomakh had a strong support among the boyars, but voluntarily prince Kiev and dismiss Svyatoslav refused, not wanting to unleash a war. This fact adds new strokes to the historical portrait of Vladimir Monomakh - not capture and coercion, but obedience to the law. Vladimir was deeply indignant at the blindness of the prince of Rostov, Vasyl Terebovly, he summoned other rulers to correct the evil and punish the guilty. He was not heard, and the perpetrator of the atrocities - Davyd Igorevich - was simply exiled to Prince in Buzhsk. Vladimir became the initiator of convocations of princes, called upon his numerous relatives to stop civil strife and live in harmony. Significant was the contribution of Vladimir and in the unification of Russia, in enhancing its defense capability and international prestige.
Talents of the legislator
The historical portrait of Vladimir Monomakhshows his descendants as a legislator and wise ruler. In 1013 the prince of Kiev Svyatopolk Izyaslavovich died. Pogroms of Jews began, robberies became more frequent. Troubles led to the fact that residents of Kiev twice offered Vladimir Monomakh to accept the reign. Despite the violation of the "ladder right", Vladimir agreed to rule Kiev.
The reign in Kiev was marked by a numberlegislative acts. For example, for the first time all Jews with their good were to leave Kievan Rus in a short time. The rights of moneylenders were restricted, the sale of free people for debts was banned. These and other legislative amendments, later called the "Charter of Vladimir Monomakh," were included in the "Russian Truth" - the first set of Russian laws.
Talents of the writer
Illustrative historical portrait of VladimirMonomakh as a writer and a widely educated person who made a great contribution to the development of education in Russia. With the direct support of the prince, the hegumen Sylvester created his original chronicle, which included several oral traditions. Books of church and worldly content were translated into Russian. At the end of the summer Vladimir Monomakh wrote his "Instruction", in which he called for living in harmony with all people, regardless of estates, to settle disputes peacefully and fairly.
Results of the Board
The historical portrait of Vladimir Monomakhshows all the results of the reign of the prince. This figure left to his descendants a strong and prosperous power capable of defending himself and having great political influence. And it is a pity that such a great gift was not appreciated by his successors.