The Economic Institute is ... Economic Institutions
What is an economic institute? Is this good or bad? What tasks do they perform? All these questions, as well as a number of others, will be considered in the framework of this article.
First, let's give a definition of the term"Institute". It should be noted that it can be used in several values. So, if we say "economic social institution", implying an organization or an institution under it, then this will be the correct use of the term. This is the name of special scientific research institutions that work within the framework of narrow specialties. Under the institution can also understand a set of statuses and roles, the purpose of which is to satisfy certain needs. This designation can be used both for the public system of rules, and for the usual ways of responding to specific incentives, and for designating the structural component. As an example, the following word combination - "democratic institutions" - can be cited. It is often used in modern journalism. Or as an alternative - the institution of family or marriage (to which many complain that it is destroyed).
In fact, institutions are understooda common way of thinking. It can relate both to the relationships of individuals and entire communities. Let's take an economic institution - this is the belief that the greatest prosperity is possible under capitalism, and the need for equal opportunities and so on.
And often it turns out that several spheressufficiently tightly connected. So, the previously mentioned equal opportunities are an economic social institution. Although certain organizations specializing in specialized activities may also be established. For example, the Moscow Institute of Economics. We will devote time to each of these interpretations.
Various research institutesThey are created as separate organizations and institutions specializing in certain problems or tasks. They are the place of concentration of professionals in their field, who solve the questions posed to them. Very often such institutions are contacted to order research in a certain field or perform complex scientific and technical work. In addition, in these institutions, promising young people receive (at least) adequate training.
A common practice isthe state of affairs when the scientific staff are also working in a solid company (even as a freelance specialist). As an example, you can consider economic institutions. The specialists working in them often still act as freelance advisors for the higher administrative personnel of commercial enterprises or even for civil servants.
Let's look at an example. In conditions where people with legal education are most often occupying higher positions (it is enough to recall the president and the chairman of the government), economic institutions play an important role. They provide specialists who help to choose the best solution for the development of the country. Whether the recommendations will be adhered to is a separate issue. After all, an economic institution is a kind of forge of cadres, and not a center of government, whose decisions are not subject to discussion.
Of course, even professionals can sometimesto be mistaken. But because they are specialists, they have a very low percentage of errors. Therefore, when the crisis is boiling, an economic institution is a useful tool for putting things in order.
When a certain organization is created, whethermilitary-political or financial-economic institution, it is always necessary to decide what tasks it will perform. They often act and influence the formation or development of a certain system of behaviors.
Take, for example, democracy. What it is, in general, most people understand. But what about the implementation or solution of certain situations and aspects of public life? The institutions are working on the possible options.
Institute as a public system of rules
Let us develop an example with the institution of democracy. Only now we will not talk about the activities of individual organizations, but about the public system of rules of conduct and interaction.
Here we shall take such a question as the replacement of power. What is the best way to organize this? Within the framework of the institute, a special mechanism is envisaged: elections. They pass by some specific rules. As an example - you can not order a false negative material about competitors. The main bet is that every person himself tells what he does, what experience he has, outlines his vision for the future, and voters are only asked to vote for someone they liked.
And this applies only to one aspect. Something similar can be said about other spheres of social life: it is the division into three branches of power to complicate the emergence of a dictatorship, and the weight of civil organizations and much more. And there are many institutions (public systems of rules) that describe the majority of moments in different spheres of life. If it's hard to believe in it, then let's go through a few of them. So, there are institutes of family, school, law enforcement system, army, public activities and so on.
As you can see, the concept of "institution" ismultifaceted. The topic itself is quite interesting, and it would be advisable to learn not one (or even several) of the article, but to get acquainted with the fundamental scientific works.
After all, if we consider researchinstitutions, then the institution is an extremely important and at the same time very complex organizational structures. And to describe the activity of systems of rules in general is rather difficult, because they have a significant influence on the past of each individual country and area.
Therefore, a generalized rathercomplicated. Even if we talk, for example, about democratic traditions, it is very difficult to create a complete picture. How can one not remember the bipartisan systems of the United States and Great Britain in comparison with the parliaments of France, Germany and other countries.