The device of wooden floors in a dwelling
In the design of the interior, evenminor details. The floor, especially wooden, is one of the main elements of decorating the room. Correctly matched floor covering can give the interior an atmosphere of warmth, coziness and comfort. Especially it concerns wooden floors, the device of which our ancestors had been engaged for many centuries. This is primarily due to the availability of this finishing material, the possibility of its easy processing, with the uniqueness of the natural structure and texture of the tree. If only recently wooden floors from our houses replaced modern floor coverings, today fashion returns to them. They become an indispensable attribute of the design of not only a country house, but also offices, office buildings, industrial premises.
Technology that has passed the test of time
The device of wooden floors is a technology,proven by centuries, having its own rules and specifics. In the event that all work is carried out without disrupting the technological chain, in compliance with all requirements and rules, such a floor will be able to serve as a floor covering for more than a decade.
Depending on the purpose of the room,the technology by which the construction of wooden floors is made can vary significantly. Much here depends on the correct preparation of the basement under the wooden floor. If concrete slabs are used as the base, the surface is previously leveled with the help of a filler floor or sand-cement screed. After leveling the surface, work must be carried out on the installation of a vapor barrier and waterproofing layer. For these purposes, you can use polyethylene film, ruberoid, another type of modern vapor barrier and waterproofing material.
If there is a dwelling below, thenit is recommended to lay a layer of soundproof material to reduce extraneous noise that can interfere with daily life. After preparation of the foundation, depending on the project, logs or stacked plywood are installed, which will serve as a rough floor.
The device of wooden floors: dry stowage technology
Today,the device of a wooden floor where the dry technology of stacking is applied. This technology began to be used more than 30 years ago, but today it is again very popular due to undeniable advantages compared to laying the floor on a concrete or, as the builders say, a "raw" base.
Provided that a dry substrate made ofquartz or silica sand, other granular bulk materials, carefully protected from moisture from outside, the lifetime of the wooden floor is greatly increased. Especially it concerns the kitchen in a house or apartment. This is primarily due to the fact that the kitchen is a room where it is necessary to maintain cleanliness and order, which means that daily wet cleaning can not be avoided. The installation of wooden floors in the kitchen on a dry screed requires additional reinforcement in those places where large-scale home appliances will stand. As an example, you can bring a two-chamber refrigerator, without which in modern kitchen can not do. The device of a two-chamber refrigerator assumes the presence of two compartments. In one of them, fresh products are stored, in the other - products whose long storage implies freezing. To ensure and maintain the required temperature, all models have a refrigerator compressor device. In operation, such a device creates a certain vibration, which can adversely affect the wooden floor covering at its location. Therefore it is necessary to make additional reinforcement in the place of its intended installation.