The biggest tiger in the world - what is it?
Tiger is the most graceful and graceful beast,belonging to the family of felines. Many people, at the sight of this amazing animal, raise the question: "What is the biggest tiger in the world?"
The largest species of tigers
This animal has extremely frighteningdimensions that can vary depending on its subspecies. On the question of which tiger is the largest in the world, it is definitely impossible to answer. After all, there are several varieties, the dimensions of which leave a strong impression.
To date, it is believed that the largesttigers in the world belong to two subspecies. True, until recently their rivals appeared in sizes. These are the so-called ligers, which occurred in the process of crossing the two largest representatives of the feline.
Among the subspecies created by nature the mostBig tigers in the world - Bengali and Amur. They almost do not differ in size and weight. Although it is worth noting that the largest tiger in the world was killed in 1967 in North India. This was officially recognized as the highest in nature, because the weight of the dead male reached 388.7 kg!
Representatives of this subspecies can be found inPakistan, North and Central India, East Iran, Bangladesh, Manyama, Bhutan, Nepal and in the vicinity of the mouths of the Ganges, Satlij, Ravi, Ind. It is not only the largest tiger in the world, but also the most numerous among the subspecies now living. A little less than 2.5 thousand individuals.
The average weight of a male Bengal tiger variesdepending on the habitat. The highest results in the modern world are observed in Nepal. The average male extends there by 235 kg. But it was there that the "record holder" was seen - the largest tiger in the world, whose weight reached 320 kg.
This subspecies has many other names: Ussuri, Far Eastern, Manchurian or Siberian. As already mentioned, it is believed that this is the largest tiger in the world.
Dimensions of this member of the cat familyvery impressive. For example, if it gets on its hind legs, its growth will be up to 3.5-4 m! The weight of such individuals can vary. So, the stable weight of the Amur tiger is 250 kg. But among them there are outstanding individuals.
Siberian tiger in appearance a fewIt differs from its counterparts living in warm countries. It has a less bright red color, and its wool is very thick. In addition, on his belly there is a layer of fat, which allows him to feel comfortable in the frosty winters.
Tiger Far Eastern, living in captivity, can live more than 25 years. At large, his age rarely exceeds 15.
Concern for the conservation of endangered subspecies
In the nature of the Amur tigers remained very little. There are several reasons for this. Among them:
- active destruction of animals by people hunting for them because of their fur;
- the extinction of the Amur tigers from the plague, to which carnivores are susceptible;
- deforestation of the taiga, where tigers can live at large and reproduce;
- decrease in the number of ungulates, which are the main food of these predators;
- identical to the DNA of the surviving individuals, which leads to the appearance of weak and often unviable offspring.
Today this situation is taken under control. Now zapovedniks and zoos are engaged in active breeding of these graceful animals, and their name was listed in the Red Book of Russia. According to the latest calculations, there are no more than 500 individuals left in the Amur tigers.
As mentioned earlier, in nature there arehybrids obtained by crossing individuals of different species. This measure was adopted by the owners of zoos in order to impress the visitors, increasing their number and profit. But these attempts were not always crowned with success, and the percentage of luck was only 1-2. Crossing lions with tigresses led to the appearance of quite interesting and large hybrids.
Male ligra is much larger than even Bengal andAmur tiger. Weight of it can reach 400 kg, even in the case when the individual does not suffer from obesity. The growth of the male, standing on the hind legs, is about 4 m.
In appearance, the ligras resemble cave lions,which died out about 10 thousand years ago. Such large dimensions are due to the DNA of their ancestors, because lions and tigresses activate the gene, which is responsible for growth, during pairing.
The most important feature of the hybrids of the lion and tigressconsists in the fact that their females have the ability to procreate. So, there are two more kinds - liggers and taligras. The first is derived as a result of crossing the female ligra and the male lion, and the second - when mating the female ligra and the male tiger.
Excretion of such unusual large speciesThe American Association of Zoos and Aquariums strongly disapproves. After all, today we need to concentrate on preserving the endangered species of tigers, and not struggling to break the record in the nomination "The Greatest Tiger in the World".