Symptoms and treatment of cervical osteochondrosis in women
To prevent and treat cervical osteochondrosis in women with a positive result, you need to understand what causes the disease.
In Greek, chondros means cartilage, but this disease affects not only the intervertebral discs, but also the vertebral joints.
Osteochondrosis is a degenerative change in the structure of the body (in this case, the spine), which often occurs after thirty-five, and after fifty occurs in every second person. He is the most frequent provocateur for back and neck pain. First, small muscles and ligaments fasten the vertebrae are affected, then the disease is transmitted to the bones and destroys the intervertebral cartilage, further provoking more serious health problems.
Cervical osteochondrosis is most common in women. It is divided into three stages, each of which gradually leads to a restriction of mobility.
A little bit about the structure of the spine
The human spine consists of 33-35 vertebral bones, between which there are shock absorbers - intervertebral discs. Thanks to them, the human body acquires flexibility. Cervical - the most mobile of all departments and sometimes withstand enormous loads (especially for people with a sedentary lifestyle), while having numerous vital arteries and nerve endings. They pass through the vertebrae, often clamped. As a result, blood circulation is disturbed, and pinching of the nerve roots occurs.
The main causes of cervical osteochondrosis in women:
- Treatment with hormonal drugs (as a result, the metabolism is disturbed).
- Inadequate load on the spinal column and back muscles: an improperly organized workplace, hard physical labor in hazardous production or with a lot of weight gain, the race for achievements in big sport is all the most common provocateurs of the disease.
- Improper nutrition and smoking, food without the right amount of useful microelements helps the disease to develop, and the abuse of products containing preservatives, stabilizers, dyes and other harmful substances will only aggravate it.Another of the weighty reasons is insufficient consumption of pure water (without dyes, flavorings and gas). Our cells remain viable and healthy only when there is enough drinking water: without it, the cartilage and ligaments first of all dry up, then the muscle slags get clogged up and the first stiffness appears, which can lead to osteochondrosis.
- Sedentary lifestyle - without an active lifestyle (playing sports, frequent walking, cycling), the blood supply to the body muscles is disrupted. This, in turn, leads to inadequate nutrition of the intervertebral discs, which, after the end of human growth, are able to obtain the necessary substances only from nearby muscles. The more a person performs a variety of the structure and nature of muscular actions, the more active all the systems of his body work, thereby postponing the development of the disease or eliminating it altogether.
- Heredity or congenital curvature of the spine. The structure of the body and spine is transmitted from generation to generation: a specific slouch or, conversely, excessive lumbar deflection, scoliosis - this all gives the wrong load on the spinal column, and therefore creates a positive environment for the development of osteochondrosis.Therefore, if there have been cases of illness in the family, it is strongly recommended to periodically study in order to predict the disease in time.
- Earlier diseases: arthritis, arthrosis and various types of neuralgia, vascular spasms and vertebral instability are all also provocateurs of osteochondrosis.
- Injuries - a previously suffered spinal injury is very often the first cause of osteochondrosis in women, the treatment of such cases must be especially careful because of the muscles weakened by the injury and, therefore, impaired blood supply and metabolism.
- Regular stress - this is a good reason for the occurrence of the disease. Each stress carries a psychosomatic background that causes the muscles to contract in tension, often uncontrolled. Due to muscle spasm, the free movement of blood and lymph is disturbed, which, in turn, will provoke the deposition of toxins, slags and waste of metabolic processes. This forms osteochondrosis of the initial stage.
Among them are:
- Improper position of the spine during rest and sleep: a comfortable pillow and the position of the head in a dream are also very important for a healthy neck.The pillow should not be too huge and hard; the head should not be more than twenty centimeters above the shoulders. Sleeping without a pillow will provoke muscle spasm and become a potential threat of illness.
- Pregnancy is very often accompanied by the first sign of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine: women often have numb hands in their sleep.
- Excess weight. Large body mass creates pressure on the shock absorbers of the body: knees and lumbar spine. And if the loin is overloaded, the body will try to compensate for its other departments. Neck first in line for this risk group.
- Age: over the years, the vertebrae wear out more and more, the cartilage is erased, provoking the disease. To all is added the “age-related” leaching of calcium from the body.
- Incorrect weight distribution in the feet and as a result - incorrect load on the spine
Symptoms of the disease
The most common symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis in women are pain and crunching in the neck, a feeling of muscle tightness and stiffness when turning the head. Also indicators of spinal problems are:
- Headaches and dizziness.
- Numbness of fingers.
- Visual impairment. This sign of cervical osteochondrosis in women requires immediate medical attention.
- Noise in the head and flickering points before your eyes.
- Muscle squeezing combined with a limited amplitude of neck movement.
- Decreased performance. It is associated with severe fatigue and memory impairment.
All these symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis in women with treatment gradually disappear, which is an indicator of the regression of the disease.
The specificity of pathology
The main symptoms and treatment of cervical osteochondrosis in women is no different from the male, although according to statistics, the female sex is more likely to consult a doctor. Men often endure pain and discomfort for a long time, thereby aggravating the situation.
Doctors believe that it is impossible to completely cure this disease, since if degenerative changes have already occurred, then there is no reverse process. You can only stop the current progress and prevent deterioration. Therefore, it is very important to prevent the development of the disease, than to try to fix it.
Treatment methods for cervical osteochondrosis in women
Currently, the following therapies are used:
- Medication (with exacerbation) - painkillers and strong blockers.
- Physiotherapy (at all stages and in prophylaxis) - therapeutic exercises, massage, manual therapy: traction, exposure to ultrasound.
- Alternative methods. These include the use of applicators, acupuncture, hirudotherapy (leech therapy).
Is drug treatment effective?
In women, drug treatment of cervical osteochondrosis is recommended only at the acute stage. It is characterized by severe headache and muscle pain, nausea, and limited movement due to a strangulated nerve ending. At such moments, it is important not to overdo it with painkillers, so as not to overload the liver and not damage the gastric mucosa.
The use of ointments with a warming effect in days of exacerbation is better to limit, so as not to provoke swelling of the affected area. If the swelling is still detected, it is recommended to take diuretics to improve the movement of lymph. Anti-inflammatory gels and ointments, on the contrary, will help in relieving pain, spasms and discomfort in the neck.
In the future, the use of drugs for the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis is meaningless.Women get used to drugs very quickly and there will be no proper result. The only exception is the use of chondroitin products (to restore cartilage tissue) and calcium complexes, which a woman must take after forty years.
How to beat osteochondrosis?
To stop the disease and prevent progress you need to approach the problem on a large scale. It is necessary as often as possible to do therapeutic exercises, eat right, drink plenty of clean water, and often recall the correct position of the spine during work, avoiding the feeling of muscle numbness from fatigue and tension. It is also acceptable to use drugs of traditional medicine. These include compresses and rubbing, herbal teas to stimulate metabolism. The most effective way to fight for health is to consciously influence all factors. Therefore, as soon as signs of cervical osteochondrosis are revealed in a woman, the treatment should be comprehensive and scrupulous.
The most effective and useful way to combat cervical osteochondrosis is remedial gymnastics (exercise therapy) and yoga.In their impact on problem areas, these systems are similar when they affect small muscles by traction stretching and strengthening the entire muscular system. For people of advanced age or severely weakened, the exercises from articular gymnastics by Norbekov or Harzenstein are best suited. Both variants are based on traditional Sukshma-Vyayame - joint-tendon gymnastics from yoga.
What is the danger of this disease?
In time, a non-diagnosed or neglected disease provokes the formation of protrusions and spinal hernias, strong migraines and difficulty in breathing due to blocked muscles will appear. This will lead to problems with the heart and blood vessels. The brain is particularly affected due to circulatory disorders, which will contribute to a stroke. Vertebral artery syndrome and spinal stroke are also common among negligent people.
In the practice of medicine, there are (rarely, but still!) Lethal outcomes due to not being treated in time for cervical osteochondrosis. In women and men, the symptoms of the disease, the effects on the body and the treatment methods are identical.The children's body can also be affected, but most likely due to the hereditary pathological structure of the spine or birth injuries.
Nutrition with osteochondrosis
The diet for osteochondrosis must be properly balanced, so it’s best to go to a nutritionist. Important: try to use as little salt and mineral water as possible. When cooking, preference should be given to dishes steamed, boiled or, as a last resort, baked in foil. Salty, smoked, spicy and too fatty foods are excluded from everyday use. You should eat more foods rich in proteins (legumes, dairy products, almonds and greens) and chondroitins (agar-agar, cartilage). Coffee is prohibited, as it helps to flush out calcium from the body. The seedlings of cereals and legumes, sesame seeds have proven themselves very well.
Movement is life
In order to prevent the progression of the disease, it is important to adhere to a rolling lifestyle, while:
- Obligatory physical exercises of a various range of influence: gymnastics, swimming.
- If the work is associated with hours of sitting - often do five minutes to stretch the body.
- Drink at least two liters of pure water without gas and additives.
- More often in the fresh air, making long walks.
- Constantly monitor your posture, avoiding slouching.
- Eat a high calcium diet.
The saying of the ancients says: "A person's age is determined by the state of his spine." Therefore, take care of it and notice the changes occurring in it in time.