Swollen legs, what to do? Causes of edema, treatment of drug and folk
Regardless of gender, many people suffer from It can cause not only discomfort, but also pain. But, above all, it is a signal from the body that something went wrong in it. So, treatment is required. However, before looking for a remedy for edema of the legs, it is necessary to most accurately understand the real causes of their appearance.
How does this disease manifest?
Edema is only an external symptom, indicating another problem - excessive accumulation of fluid in the intercellular spaces of various tissues of the body. It is easy to diagnose it - the symptoms in this case are quite characteristic. First of all, they say about him marks on the skin, briefly remaining after pressing on it.
The easiest way to diagnose an edema of the feet in the ankle is that the first symptom will be a trace from a sock gum.This symptom is called pastose. It manifests itself in the ankle and lower third of the leg along the entire circumference of the limb. Most often, swelling of the legs in the ankle is symmetrical.
In the area of the ankles, localized edema may occur. It does not always appear on both legs at once, so it can only be distinguished by localization. The most common: swelling of the calves of the legs, ankles and the entire circumference of the ankle.
Vividly expressed symptom in the region of the leg or foot. It is able to spread to the knee joint, and in some cases even higher. Distinguished by the fact that after palpation in the edematous region, the trace on it remains in the form of a depression for a long time.
In severe cases, there are trophic changes in the skin. These can be ulcers, sores, dermatitis or cracks.
The causes of these symptoms
To get rid of the disease, you need to understand why the body is not working properly. Causes swelling of the feet causes are quite varied. Therefore, in understanding what has become the source of a symptom, you should not forget that this can be not only a temporary disruption of your body systems, but also a serious illness.
Leg edema in the evening is most often manifested in healthy people and does not pose any particular danger. It occurs as a consequence of increased load on the feet during the day or a long stay in an upright position. In this case, the best remedy for edema of the legs is a complete rest, after which the state of the body is normalized. This symptom manifests itself usually in the area of the foot and lower leg on both legs.
Often there is swelling of the legs with heart failure. It occurs due to insufficient blood circulation in the veins of the legs, from which there is a constant stagnation in the vessels. It is he who becomes the main cause of edema, which at the initial stage of palpation is rather mild, but in its advanced form it becomes rather solid. You should not bring your body to such a state. If you know that you have heart problems, immediately consult a doctor at the first manifestation of the disease.
There are some features of the symptom. For example, swelling of the legs in heart failure occurs on both limbs and in the most severe cases extends to the knee joint. In the morning after a night's rest, this type of swelling becomes a little less.
With various pathologies of the urinary tract, leg edema also occurs.Most often it is severe renal failure or nephritic syndrome. Such diseases are characterized by the manifestation of edema on both limbs, and, unlike those caused by cardiac diseases, they manifest themselves to a greater extent in the morning. There is another characteristic feature of edemas provoked by such diseases - in addition to the legs, the face also swells, and to a much greater extent.
Venous and lymphatic systems can not cope
With such venous diseases as phlebothrombosis, varicose veins or post-thrombophlebic syndrome, a rather dense and persistent swelling of the legs occurs. In most cases, it forms on one side. Much less often, it can appear on both limbs at once, but in this case, the edema is usually expressed in a larger form only on one of the legs. After a long stay on his feet, it increases. However, after resting in a horizontal position, it noticeably decreases.
Almost all diseases of the feet, swelling from which patients are concerned, can appear in everyone. Thus, diseases of the lymphatic system, whether lymphedema, lympho-venous insufficiency, erysipelas, or some others, can cause this symptom.Such edemas are usually located only on one of the extremities and are distinguished by even greater density and firmness than those caused by venous diseases. Most characteristic of the symptoms of lymphatic diseases is localization in the form of a pillow on the back of the foot. Reducing it without treatment prescribed by a doctor is almost impossible.
Cause the appearance of symptoms and all sorts of pathology of the osteo-articular system. Usually they occur only on the affected limb in the affected area. Puffiness in this case is accompanied by impaired motor functions.
Various injuries of the legs, inflammatory and purulent processes often cause the appearance of edema of limited localization. Such symptoms, caused by trauma or insect bites, spread only in the area of damage around the circumference. If the lesion is purulent, then the manifestation segment will be much larger.
Injuries such as a fracture, dislocation, sprain, or even severe injury can cause more common edema, the principle of which is similar to the development of hematoma.Causes swelling of the feet causes really very diverse.
Symptom can occur in everyone, it almost does not depend on age or gender. Often there is swelling of the legs in older people, which can be associated with both the disease and age-related changes in the body. But all the same, the weaker sex more often suffers from this disease.
Why legs swell in women - pregnancy
The main cause of swelling of the legs in women is, of course, pregnancy. It is characteristic that this symptom occurs in almost everyone, regardless of age and physique, differing only in the degree of severity.
Most often, swelling of the legs during pregnancy occurs in the last months, when a noticeably increased uterus begins to put pressure on the veins located in the pelvic cavity. It is they who fall into the lower limbs. Disturbance of the outflow of blood from the lower extremities, caused by pregnancy, and causes edema characteristic for this period. Usually they pass independently and rather quickly after the woman has a rest the necessary amount of time in that position when the uterus does not squeeze the veins.
Since a change in metabolism occurs in the body of a pregnant woman, excessive salt intake also leads to an accumulation of fluid in the legs. Therefore, the main means of treatment and prevention of such symptoms is to reduce salt intake to a minimum.
Swelling of the legs during pregnancy should not be of particular concern to the expectant mother. It occurs quite often and with timely referral to a doctor is easily treatable. There are many medications that are absolutely harmless to the baby, capable not only to relieve symptoms, but also to prevent their appearance.
In the second half of pregnancy, many expectant mothers are faced with such a phenomenon as preeclampsia. During it there is a significant increase in blood pressure, headaches, and in rare cases, convulsions. In almost all cases, these signs of preeclampsia are accompanied by a rather severe swelling of the legs. In addition, it can appear on the face or hands. In order to confirm the diagnosis, the obstetrician usually prescribes a urine test for the amount of protein contained in it. If its level is elevated, the pregnant woman needs treatment in inpatient conditions.
Diuretic for edema of the legs (it is often prescribed for pregnant women) helps to reduce the swelling in a fairly short period of time, causing the body to get rid of excess fluid.
A few days before the onset of menstruation, many women develop edema of the body, which is most often manifested in the legs. Often, it passes almost immediately after the end of the month. If this does not happen, the woman has a reason to visit a doctor. In those cases where timely access to a doctor for any reason is impossible, you can avoid edema with the help of an adjusted diet on the days preceding menstruation. A few days before the onset of menstruation and throughout menstruation, it is necessary to follow a simple diet, precluding the consumption of any sweets and salty foods. Usually these measures are enough to avoid the formation of symptoms.
The question of why swollen legs in women, definitely can not be answered. Often the causes are various violations of the process of removing excess fluid from the body. Which, in turn, can be caused by various processes occurring in the body of a woman.
Swollen legs - what to do?
Since this is a symptom rather than a disease, for its successful elimination it is necessary to get to the true cause. Only by removing the cause, curing the disease or going on a diet, you can avoid the manifestations of this disease. Therefore, it is important to remember that if there is swelling in the legs, only a doctor can prescribe treatment.
Since the reasons for his education can be quite a few, the therapist will help determine which specialist to contact. At the reception, he will be able to collect all the symptoms and complaints of the patient in a single picture, and then he will tell you which doctor you should go to. If the cause of edema may be any venous disease, then consult a phlebologist. If the therapist suspects that the symptom is caused by impaired renal function, consult a nephrologist.
If the edema occurs in a pregnant woman, it is not necessary to go to a general practitioner - it is better to immediately contact the antenatal clinic and consult a midwife. He has much more experience in the treatment of future mothers and for sure it will not be his first patient with such symptoms.In this case, the obstetrician prescribes a number of necessary examinations, according to the results of which the appropriate case treatment will be prescribed.
In any case, the question: “Have your legs swelled, what to do?” You can only give one always the right answer: “Consult a specialist”. Only in this case, the treatment will be really effective.
Ways to treat leg swelling
Before taking a doctor, you can use some tools yourself. If there is swelling of the legs, treatment should be prompt. There are many drugs that can in a relatively short time to eliminate the symptoms or reduce their severity.
Few gels have an analgesic effect, so the means of "Troxevasin" is particularly popular. It not only reduces puffiness, but also has a slight anesthetic effect, which in some cases is important. In addition, this drug effectively strengthens the walls of veins, blood vessels and capillaries.
Quite effective ointment for leg edema "Venitan", which includes chestnut extract. The principle of action of this drug is that the walls of the veins and capillaries are noticeably strengthened.However, this drug is better suited for the treatment of edema caused by various venous diseases. Only in this case it will be most effective. Essaven Gel has approximately the same principle of action, but this tool additionally eliminates microthrombi and improves blood circulation in general.
Lioton can also be used as an ointment for leg edema. A heparin gel perfectly strengthens the vascular walls and improves the blood supply to the limbs.
In spite of the fact that all these means quite effectively fight against the formed edema, it is not recommended to use them without a prescription. The reason is quite simple - treatment can be effective only when the cause of the disease is identified as accurately as possible. And it’s just impossible to do it yourself, you’ll just remove the symptoms a little, which won’t solve the whole problem. If you still use these funds, in no case be satisfied with temporary relief and do not cancel the trip to the doctor.
Leg edema treatment with gymnastics
Few people believe in the healing power of exercise. Most people reduce them to sports, strengthening and training the body, but not to treatment. But when the legs are swollen, what to do is the most common question.Therefore, it is necessary to know how to deal with edema. Sometimes the usual pharmacy tools may not be available, for example, at work. But you can ease your well-being in this situation with the help of simple gymnastic exercises.
The most effective exercise, during which you need to smoothly move your weight from your toes to toes and back. To do it, of course, you need on a flat surface and without shoes. It is better to perform such an exercise for several approaches, each of which will consist of 20-40 raises and lows. It is necessary to rest for a while between cycles, after which the exercise can be repeated.
An effective remedy for puffiness of the legs is walking on the toes. It is desirable to do this exercise without shoes, but if conditions do not allow, you can also do it in shoes or sneakers. Two minutes of such an easy walk is enough to noticeably improve your well-being.
For another exercise, you must not only take off your shoes, but also take off your socks. Its essence lies in the fact that it is necessary with the help of the toes to lift a small object from the floor, for example, an ordinary pen.If you can take off your shoes, but not socks or pantyhose, you can simply alternately flex and unbend your toes.
There is also an exercise that can be performed in the workplace almost without interrupting the important tasks. It is necessary to stretch your legs forward in a sitting position and rotate your feet either anti-clockwise or in the opposite direction.
Economical and effective folk remedies
Puffiness of the legs began to be overcome by people for a very long time, therefore many recipes are known, with the help of which you can carry out the treatment of these symptoms at home and without buying medicines. This will relieve discomfort and improve blood circulation in the limbs.
One of the most economical ways to treat edema of the legs with folk remedies is through massage. Turpentine and castor oil are mixed in proportions of 1 to 2 for its holding. After the procedure, you should wear socks made of natural material on your feet.
Also with turpentine, you can prepare a mixture for grinding - you just need to take one raw egg with a large spoonful of apple cider vinegar and tea turpentine.
Quite effective treatment is provided by means not only for external use, but also for internal. One of these is a decoction of the plant Astragalus.To prepare it, you need to pour 10 g of dried leaves with a glass of boiling water and wait for it to cool completely. Take this drink should be 2-3 times a day for 2-3 spoons. Usually, it takes no more than two weeks to get tangible results.
If the swelling is caused by fatigue, a massage with the use of ice will help to return the legs to their former health. And the best effect would be if the procedure is carried out with frozen green tea or any herbal decoction. No less useful in such situations and douche.
If one of the reasons for the appearance of edema are varicose nodes formed on the legs, steamed elderberry leaves can be applied to them. This compress should be done once a day and keep it for at least half an hour.
The most common
Treatment of leg edema with folk remedies really gives the necessary results. One of the most effective recipes for tea for edema is considered to be tea from infused for 2 hours with 400 ml boiled water of dried ortosiphon (2 teaspoons).
Pumpkin juice has a rather effective effect. In order to significantly reduce the existing swelling and avoid its manifestation in the future, it is enough to take 100 ml of pumpkin fresh juice per day.If necessary, it can be mixed in equal proportions with carrot, apple, cucumber or celery juice. All juices should be natural and freshly prepared.
Quite affordable tool can be prepared from dried and crushed watermelon peels. To do this, pour 40 g of crusts with two cups of boiling water, then boil on a low heat for another 5 minutes. Ready decoction must be filtered and divided into 4 servings - this is for the whole day.
Very often a diuretic for edema of the legs is most effective. Therefore, you can make herbal tea or diuretic fee, but it should be consumed regularly and systematically. Such complexes of herbs in the assortment are sold in pharmacies, but if desired, they can be prepared independently. The collection brewed in a glass of boiling water from 1 small spoon mixed in equal proportions of knotweed, horsetail and birch buds is quite effective. This broth must be taken 1 large spoon three times a day after meals for 3 days, after which you need to take a break for 1 day. The general course of treatment with such a fee should not exceed two weeks.
Quite effectively fights with swelling dill odorous, or rather, its seeds. To make a decoction from it, it is necessary to pour 1 large spoonful of seeds with a glass of boiling water and leave it overnight to insist in a thermos. It is necessary to accept such drink within three weeks on 150 ml since morning on an empty stomach and for the night.
When your legs are swollen, what to do - you already know. First of all, you should try to reduce the manifestation of the symptom, after which you should consult with your doctor as soon as possible. If the disease manifests itself for the first time, it is also impossible to delay with a consultation with a doctor. Only in this case, the treatment is guaranteed to give excellent results.