Strengthening the foundation: basic methods
Durability and performanceany residential buildings largely depend on the state of their foundation - the platform on which the entire structure is based. This support element is the most important part of the structure, since it perceives the entire load from the higher standing elements. Therefore, strengthening the foundation is of prime importance for ensuring the reliable and safe operation of any building.
The purpose of the foundation and its structuralfeatures make this key element of the building the most difficult to model and predict its functionality in the process of construction and operation. The fact is that this main carrier is constantly under the simultaneous impact of many different, often difficult to take into account factors. The most significant of them - the change in the properties of the base, a variety of natural phenomena and all kinds of economic activities rights.
In this respect,strengthening the foundation of a private house, since such buildings are, as a rule, most susceptible to changes in the properties and characteristics of the soil due to the negative impact of groundwater. In addition, the environment and various natural phenomena exert an unusually strong influence on the foundations of private country houses.
Strengthening the foundation of the house producedin many different ways. Such a variety of methods and techniques is due to the regular appearance on the market of building materials of the latest technologies and more advanced construction techniques. Behind all novelties to follow is simply unreal. Therefore, as practice shows, most people, beginning to strengthen the foundation of their homes, prefer proven and reliable methods.
More often than others the base of the private house is strengthenedclassical method, the essence of which lies in laying around the house a new, so to speak, additional foundation. In other words, an auxiliary support is created with several base fixation points for the entire structure of the building. The number of these points depends on the degree of destruction (deterioration) of the main foundation and the size of the structure. Strengthening the foundation in such a relatively simple way is very popular due to its cheapness and reliability.
Another sufficiently popular techniquegiving the strength and reliability of the construction of the building is the method of drilling pile piles. Strengthening the foundation in this way is now almost the most modern approach to solving this problem. Since the technique of drilling pile piles involves the use of innovative building technologies and the latest materials, this pleasure is not cheap, but the result exceeds all expectations.
Here you can do without specialists and complexconstruction equipment is unlikely to succeed. The essence of technology is as follows. In the existing foundation, on two or four sides, again, depending on the individual characteristics of the house and its foundation, slant wells with a diameter ranging from 15 to 25 cm are punched. High-strength concrete or cement is poured into the holes, then a reinforcing cage of high-quality structural steel. As a result, after the solution dries out, a completely new foundation is obtained with a large number of reinforced concrete pile structures, on which the whole building is based. The depth of drilling of such inclined wells depends entirely on the qualities and characteristics of the soil. Often, the holes break through until the borax meets a very hard rock. Such a foundation is reminiscent of a rock monolith with its reliability, durability and durability.