Stoves with their own hands. Street stove-barbecue smokehouse made of bricks
Recently, more and moreOutdoor stoves are common. They are convenient to use, in addition, you can prepare food directly in the circle of friends. If you build such a structure yourself, then you will be able to save, and in the end you will get a real piece of jewelry.
Stoves of the street can help solve a lottasks, among them not only cooking, but also preparation for salting, as well as drying fruits and mushrooms. Installation of this type will be different security, practicality and functionality, moreover, among its qualities can be distinguished by the longevity. And if you do such work yourself, then the cost of construction will not be so high.
Preparatory work before installation of the furnace
At the construction market today, a lotmaterials that could form the basis of a kiln built on the street. However, in fact, you can choose only some of them, which will be able to ensure the durability of the structure. The most commonly used in the construction of refractory bricks, but you can use aerated concrete, these materials can withstand the effects of high temperatures. If you do not have the skills to do this kind of work, you can buy a ready-made steel furnace, which can be installed in a short time.
A street oven can be made by handof aerated concrete, but it will not look as representative as a brick. But if there is a desire to save money, then it is worth choosing lightweight concrete. In addition, the brick does not imply the need to ennoble it after use in construction, which can not be said about aerated concrete, the surface of which is then to be coated with a mixture to protect against moisture. The steel elements of the brick kiln can be manufactured independently or purchased in the form of oven casting.
Choosing a location for the furnace
Outdoor stoves should be installed where they arewill be convenient to use. But this is not the main criterion of choice. It is necessary to take into account the fact of fire safety. This indicates that the oven should not be installed near bushes and trees, as well as wooden buildings. In addition, there should not be flammable materials in the vicinity. It is recommended to lay the tiled floor or any other material around the perimeter of the furnace, based on, for example, steel. As a material, you can use a stone.
Features of carrying out solution mixing
Outdoor stoves should be lined up withusing a carefully prepared solution, its consistency should not be liquid, the mixture must be made plastic. This will allow you to get quality filling of the seams, in addition, you will be able to get rid of streaks on the front side of the structure. When closing the mortar, do not use excessively greasy clay, but if there is no other, it is preferable to mix it with sand.
Before proceeding to shutting down the solution,clay should be analyzed for fat content. To do this, prepare several mixtures of clay and sand, each of which will have a different ratio of ingredients. From the prepared solution it is necessary to form balls with a diameter of 5 mm. As soon as the balls dry, they must be thrown on a solid surface, raising to a height of 1 m. That ball, which does not break, can be considered correct, it is from this ratio of materials that the solution should be prepared.
Clay before the start of work should be soaked inThis state should be left for 3 days. This is necessary in order for the clay to gain the necessary plasticity. In the process of mixing the solution, it must be mixed as carefully as possible. But after the batch is completed, it is necessary to touch the whole mass with your own hands, which will help to get rid of unnecessary garbage. Ultimately, it is necessary to obtain a solution that will become uniform.
Before starting to make a street brazier, allThe ingredients for the mortar must be carefully sifted using a sieve. Use for this purpose a screen with a cell size of 1.5 mm is recommended, but no more.
Preparing the foundation
The street brazier will be very heavy, sofor its installation it is necessary to prepare a foundation. Initially, the territory is marked by the size of the future construction, after which it is possible to start digging the excavation. Do it a little more than the dimensions of the oven. On the perimeter, the base should protrude beyond the structure by 10 cm. It should be laid at a depth of 50 cm. After that, sand-gravel preparation should be laid, the formwork and the reinforcement should be installed. This will allow you to prepare everything for the subsequent pouring of the solution, to which it is recommended to proceed at the next stage.
In order to prepare a solution forfoundation, it is necessary to mix cement M-300 and sand, it is recommended to use a ratio of 1: 3. After the dry ingredients are ready, you can add water to them to get a plastic solution, which will need to be leveled and distributed along the formwork.
Street fireplaces start to stack only then,when the base will be completely ready and gain strength. Insulation is laid on its surface, as a rule, a ruberoid is used. Beginning masonry work is necessary with the whole product, whereas in the next row the first brick must be trimmed to ¾ or ½. This will allow you to get a suture bandage. After it is possible to complete the laying of the first row, it is possible to proceed with the laying of the second. Each series must be checked with a level.
Outdoor fireplaces in the furnace area shouldlaid out using refractory bricks. After you can complete the first row, you can install the ash door. However, before this, it is necessary to wrap its circuit using an asbestos cord. These manipulations are required in order to further compact the door, as well as its fit to the body.
In order to fix the doors, in orderit is necessary to mount the wire. You need to use the one that has a diameter of 3 mm. Some masters recommend for this purpose to use the method of mounting steel plates, to which the fasteners are made. However in this case it is necessary to spend a greater quantity of forces, after all it is necessary thus to use special welding. If, when making an oven in a garden area, to fix the doors you decided to use a wire, then in the brick it is necessary to make a furrow beforehand, it is recommended to use a Bulgarian for this. The groove between the door and the brick should have a gap that is approximately 10 mm.
The next stage is to block the ash-pit,which implies the need to install a grate. For what it is necessary to make cuts in a brick. This is done to ensure that the grate is not above the row of bricks and is located with some clearance. Metal at the time of temperature increase will expand, but it should not interact with the masonry.
Stage of installation of the second door and a chimney
When you build a street oven with your own hands,The masonry must be continued until the second door is installed. If necessary, prune the brick, this is to be done using the Bulgarian. It is also important to provide a clearance of 10 mm, a groove between the brick and the steel edge. Once you reach the top of the structure, you can lay on it a stone or steel plate that will act as a hob.
When making ovens for cottages, it is necessary to completethe whole construction and proceed to the installation of the chimney, which is a very important stage of construction, because the chimney must have absolute tightness in the course of the movement of gases. It is acceptable to apply a modular smoke removal system. This design has a long service life and practicality. Mount it easily, but from the joints you need to get rid of the clamps, helps in solving this problem and sealant, but you need to choose one that has the qualities of heat resistance.
Doing outdoor BBQ stoves, mountChimney drain, according to experts, is necessary from the design itself. Over the joints you need to work most carefully. Applying pipe blanks that are connected together, the elements must be inserted one into the other to a depth that is equal to ½ of the pipe section. It must be remembered that during the operation of the furnace it must be cleaned, that is why it is necessary to ensure free access to all components.
Ovens for the dacha should not have joints,which are embedded in walls and ceilings. When performing a fireplace, it is possible to equip the furnace with the method of laying bricks in the form of a vault. But if there is a desire to make the construction less dangerous, which is important, if the house has children, you can install a door that has a heat-resistant glass. However, in this case, care should be taken that the asbestos cord should be in the junctions.
A simple street oven after execution can befinished with the use of decorative plaster, you can apply for this and tile. If there is a desire to apply tiles, it should not be forgotten that the masonry should have a wire for fastening.
Before you start the work, youthe order of the street stove should be prepared, which can be seen in the article. It is important to determine the size, because in a small area must not be too large a stove, because otherwise the construction will clutter up the space.
For the manufacture of the furnace,brick, and steel. In some cases, masters use gas cylinders. Then the installation will be mobile, and it can even be carried around the site. And if necessary, the oven can be taken with you to rest, which is very convenient. However, the tank must be prepared beforehand, by lowering the gas and thoroughly washing it out.