St. Vladimir's Cathedral in St Petersburg: History
The St. Vladimir's Cathedral in St. Petersburg has a long, interesting history. This is one of the oldest temples of the Northern capital.
The exact date of the opening of the St. Vladimir Cathedral inSt. Petersburg is unknown. Construction began in the sixties of the 18th century. A little earlier issued a decree of the Empress, according to which the city began the construction of churches in the style of ancient Russian architecture.
This decree was politicallyconsiderable value. Indeed, in the first half of the 18th century, temples were built in the capital, which more resembled the Lutheran church, and therefore associated with the inhabitants of the German dominance. Five-domed churches symbolized a return to the traditions of Russian architecture.
In 1745 on the site of the modern VladimirCathedral in St. Petersburg erected a wooden church. The construction of the stone building began 15 years later. The author of the project of the St. Vladimir's Cathedral in St. Petersburg is the Swiss architect Pietro Trezzini. This man was educated in Italy, worked for several years in Milan. In 1726, Trezzini came to St. Petersburg, and 17 years later became the chief architect of the city. In addition to the St. Vladimir Cathedral, in St. Petersburg, according to his projects, the Spaso-Senna and Panteleimon churches were erected.
The main icon of the temple
According to legend, the icon of VladimirMother of God Evangelist Luke. She visited Constantinople, Jerusalem, Kiev and, finally, in Vladimir, where she got her name. Then the icon was transferred to Moscow.
Soon a rumor spread about miraculoushealing, which she gave to the parishioners of the Sretensky Monastery. At the very beginning of the device of the St. Vladimir's Cathedral in St. Petersburg, a photo of which can be seen in this article, an exact copy from the icon of Vladimir's Mother of God was issued from Moscow. It was there until the early twenties of the last century.
The icon was pearled, decoratedgilt silver rizoi. The Crown was made of crystal. Where the icon is now is unknown. After the revolution, the faithful repeatedly tried to redeem it, but without success. First she was in the department of Glavnauka, then she disappeared altogether.
This man was not only the first rectortemple, but also its main builder. In the late nineties of the last century, the grave of John Kirikov was discovered and then reconstructed near the altar. Recovered and the inscription, embossed back in 1870.
The architectural ensemble of the church that seesmodern parishioners, formed in the middle of the 19th century. There is an absolute harmony of proportions, as can be seen by visiting the St. Vladimir Cathedral in St. Petersburg.
Schedule of services
Divine service in the cathedral is performed daily. At 9:00 the Divine Liturgy begins. On Sundays and holidays, the schedule changes slightly. Divine Liturgy these days are held twice: at 7:00 and 10:00. At the end of it is the Holy Communion. Confession always begins 30 minutes before the start of the Liturgy. At 6 pm evening worship is provided.
The history of the temple is in some way connected with the familyThe Pushkin. The poet's parents lived in Svechny Lane, not far from Vladimir Square. In 1826, upon his return from the village of Mikhailovsky, Pushkin stayed at their house. He often visited his sister, who lived on Gryaznaya Street, now called Marat Street. In this house, Arina Rodionovna spent the last days. According to the biographers of the poet, he was present at her burial service in the Vladimir church.
The parishioners of the church were many relativesPushkin. A few decades after his death in one of the houses located near, lived Fyodor Dostoevsky. They say that one of the priests of the temple was the confessor of the writer. And Father Nikolai Virooslavsky was singing Dostoevsky.
Another famous parishioner of this church wascomposer Rimsky-Korsakov. On Vladimirsky Prospekt he lived for five years. One of the windows of his apartment overlooked the bell tower of the Vladimir Church.
For certain under the quiet vaults of this church more than oncethere was also Alexander Blok. Once upon a time in the parish of the Vladimir Church lived the great-grandfather of the Russian poet. For several years Blok himself has also been here. In the house, which once belonged to the poet's ancestor, Pushkin's nanny died. Arina Rodionovna, as already mentioned, was singing in the Vladimir Church.
Another famous monument of Russian architecture in St. Petersburg - the Cathedral of Prince Vladimir. About his history is also worth saying a few words.
Cathedral of Prince Vladimir
Its history begins in 1765. It was then that the architect A. Rinaldi developed a five-domed temple project. Earlier on the site of the cathedral was first a wooden church, then a stone one.
The reconstruction of the temple took about seven years. In 1789 the cathedral was named in honor of Prince Vladimir. This building is a monument of architectural style, a transition from baroque to classicism. Like other temples in Russia, it was closed in the 1920s. Then in his history there were many sad events. The last restoration of the cathedral took place in 2015.