Signs of tuberculosis are hidden under the mask ...
Ways of transmission
Tuberculosis is a dangerous disease that, like most infectious diseases, is transmitted by droplet infection (by), even without personal contact. Infection is possible in a number of public places (cafe, place of work, public transport, clinic, etc.). Koch's wand (pathogen) is resistant to many factors - light, heat, humidity, cold. Street dust, pages of books, banknotes are able to keep the virus for months. Pulmonary tuberculosis is most common. At risk - people with weak immunity (previous diseases and surgeries, after stress, etc.), poorly fed, abusing alcohol.
Signs of tuberculosis
In adults, they are generally similar to signs of disease in children, but the diagnosis is different. It all depends on the type of disease, location, shape, characteristics of the organism. Consider each form separately.
Tuberculosis - a disguised disease
That is what they call this disease.Signs of tuberculosis are so vague that even experienced doctors do not always recognize it immediately. Of course, the course of skin tuberculosis is different from the course of bone or lung tuberculosis. Therefore, the first step is to determine the localization of the infection. But even within the same organ, the symptoms are different. Here the symptoms of the disease depend on the activity of the process and the type of development.
Types of tuberculosis, tolinear forms
Intoxication in adolescents, children
Diagnosed by tuberculin test. Signs of tuberculosis - deterioration, periods of rising temperature, lack of or loss of appetite, nervousness, weight loss, increased lymph nodes.
Pulmonary tuberculosis (respiratory)
Signs of tuberculosis: inflammatory changes in lung tissue, affected hilar lymph nodes. The clinical picture will depend on the phase in which the process is currently taking place and the patient’s immunity. It is not excluded malosimptomnoe course. Characteristic changes reveals x-rays. In a complicated course, extensive infiltration with affected segments of the lungs, bronchial lesions (darkening, dark spots) are clearly visible.It is already possible to recognize chronic primary tuberculosis. In the initial infection with Koch sticks, it is a question of tuberculosis of the VLHU (hilar lymph nodes). The variants of this type of tuberculosis are small, tumor-like, infiltrative. There are pronounced symptoms of intoxication. Computed tomography is indicated for confirmation or refutation.
Disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis
It differs by type:
- acute (with immunodeficiency, cavities can form);
- subacute (foci in the lungs, symptoms of intoxication);
- Chronic (consecutive organ damage).
It proceeds with severe intoxication, the course is acute, with a rapid lesion of organs.
Signs of this type of tuberculosis lie in the presence of a few foci in one area, or on two lungs at once. Malosymptomatic course. If there are fibrococcal changes on the radiograph, the patient is obliged to be examined again to confirm or exclude an already active process.
Placed in the presence of inflammatory changes.The degree depends on the severity and spread of the process.
In this form, a cavity is formed, without marked changes (fibrous).
It is placed in the presence of a fibrous cavity, with fibrous changes of the lungs. After chemotherapy usually proceeds calmly, without exacerbations. The progressive nature causes complications and the addition of infections.
Other types of tuberculosis:
- meninges (meningitis);
- lymph nodes (mesenteric);
- genital organs (including urinary);
- bones (including joints);
- lymph nodes (peripheral);
- other organs.
Signs of pulmonary tuberculosis
- the temperature rise (insignificant, however long-term, up to 38, higher - with more massive forms of tuberculosis) is stable, unlike ARD, bronchitis, pneumonia;
- chills, sweating (especially at night);
- cough (with the defeat of the lungs - first dry and persistent, especially at night, in the morning), then - with the separation of sputum, hemoptysis after an attack of cough.
Symptoms of extrapulmonary tuberculosis
Too vague and often do not allow to suspect a particular disease.This may include fever, vomiting, headache, abdominal pain, abnormal stool, blood in the feces, and pain in the bones (up to restricted movement), etc. Each type of tuberculosis has its own symptoms. In any case, a prolonged (even if a slight) increase in temperature is already a reason for turning to a therapist and, if necessary, to narrow specialists.