Senpolia, or room violets: caring for them
A huge number of varieties and hybridssenpolia, or room violets, can be found on the shelves of flower shops. These cute indoor flowers attract a variety of shapes and rich colors. Terry, half-double, miniature, large, with veins and without - all this is room violets! Care for them requires certain knowledge and skills. But first things first.
Types of house violets
Fans-growers, growing senpolia,probably know that the species of this plant is about 1500! Therefore, it is impossible to cover all the variety in one article. But in order to navigate when choosing a "modest beauty", it is enough to know the basic varieties and subspecies. By the size of the inflorescences, violets are divided into: small, medium, large, super-large. In the shape of the petal: simple, double and semi-double. By the form of the flower: classical, bell-shaped, star-shaped, chimera, fantasy and limy.
Each species is individually demandingair temperature and growing conditions. For example, chimeras have pronounced streaks, which combine into unique patterns that can disappear if improper reproduction occurs. Interestingly behave kemechatye room violets. Care for them is to maintain a cool temperature (from +16 to +18 degrees). Otherwise, the decorative border along the edge of the flower disappears. Violets room, the photos of which are presented below, are fantasy. They are distinguished by original colored specks on the petals. Such specimens are sensitive to light and humidity. The lack of sunlight can lead to the fact that the plant will not bloom any more. And excessive watering will provoke the decay first of the lower leaves, and then the entire outlet.
Room violets: care for them before flowering
Experienced growers know how important the difference istemperature in daytime and night hours. Often this is one of the first conditions for a lush and regular flowering. Senpolia are no exception. In the daytime they need a temperature within +20 degrees, and at night it needs to be reduced by 2-3 degrees. This is easy if you put flowers on the windowsill. Natural lighting will help maintain the desired temperature. Avoid the windows on the south side or shade the plants. Watering before flowering is carried out with warm water, preferably in a pallet.
Another rule for florists - rare varietiessenpoly is not recommended to spray. To maintain the necessary moisture can be another way: pour water into empty cups and arrange them between pots. As soon as the first inflorescences appear, one should carry out top dressing with a special complex fertilizer. To form a uniform lush bush, do not forget to turn the pot different sides to the sun. Otherwise, the socket will deform and stretch in one direction. Sick and old leaves are regularly removed.
To the flower growers for a note
Many people know the picture with dusty leaves. It's time to bathe your room violets. Care for them, especially bathing, is conducted with caution. To clean the leaves of accumulated dirt and dust, take a damp cloth and wipe each leaf. You can not put a pot of senpolia under the shower. To give water charging to the soil, it is possible to pour the standing water into a basin and place a pot of violets there so that the water reaches the middle of the pot.