Sea International Port of Dudinka: its features and main characteristics
The city of Dudinka is located beyond the Arctic Circle inzone of permafrost, at the mouth of the Dudinka River (the tributary of the Yenisei), on behalf of which the city was named. From Krasnoyarsk to the city - more than 2,5 thousand kilometers.
The main attraction of the city isthe sea port, impressive with its size and massive moorings. The city of Dudinka is an international seaport located in the lower reaches of the Yenisei River. It is the largest sea pier in Siberia and the biggest northern pier of the country.
The seaport of Dudinka
The port is located at the confluence of the Dudinka River withThe Yenisei. It is characterized by a year-round navigation time, which is provided to it by icebreakers. The port of Dudinka is connected by sea to the cities of Arkhangelsk and Murmansk, and in summer - by river communication with Dixon and Krasnoyarsk. With the cities of Talnakh and Norilsk it is connected by road and railways. The port area is 24.9 hectares, the water area is 30.2 km2. The port's cargo turnover is 1132 thousand tons (2012). The capacity is about 25 thousand tons per day. There are 112 port cranes in the port.
This is an Arctic marina on the federal highway of the Northern Sea Route.
History of the port
The construction of the port began in 1935. Norilsk built a mining and smelting complex, there was an urgent need for delivery of cargo for construction. The first structures in the port were erected in 1936, and its first ships were adopted in 1939.
Officially the port was opened on December 8, 1944. In 1945, it was transferred to the Norilsk Mining and Metallurgical Combine, from that moment it is a subdivision of the plant.
In 1952, the construction of a railway linking the port of Dudinka to the city of Norilsk was completed.
For a long time delivery of the goods tometallurgical combine was carried out within four months (only during the summer navigation), since in the winter the water area of the Dudinka port was completely covered with ice. In the 1960s, nuclear icebreakers appeared and the period of Arctic navigation increased significantly.
In the sixties, the construction of berths began,on which in 1965 were installed gantry cranes. The first hundred-ton floating crane appeared here in 1967. With its appearance, the port's cargo turnover increased, amounting to 1,220,000 tons per year.
In 1973, the port of Dudinka opened a winternavigation. Since 1978, the message Murmansk-Dudinka became year-round due to the appearance of icebreakers "Captain Sorokin", "Siberia" and "Captain Nikolayev", who were able to enter the Yenisei.
In 1982, the port of Dudin receives the status of marine.
In 1984, cargo transportation exceeded 6 million tons.
In 2001, two cranes, three forklift trucks, 10 modern cranes began to be operated.
In 2005, the firstcontainer ship of high ice class "Norilsk Nickel". It is designed for navigation without escorting icebreakers. In 2009, another such container ship diesel-electric ship "Talnakh" arrived at the port.
In 2011, the port fleet replenished with the tanker "Yenisei", it is able to pass the ice thickness without the support of the icebreaker, the maximum thickness of the ice is up to 1.5 m.
Since 2012 in the sea port of Dudinka worksa mobile defense complex that provides control of the sea and land area within a radius of 50 km. The complex includes a seismic and hydroacoustic station, allowing to detect and recognize the enemy even on the approaches to the port.
In 2012, the Dudin seaport became international, a permanent border checkpoint was opened across the state border.
This is a unique port, its berths annuallyflooded during the spring flood of the Yenisei River. At this time evacuation of equipment and cargo to a height of 20 meters. June 7, there is a peak of high water, the decline of water occurs by July 1.
The summer navigation of the seaport continues for approximately 130 days, from the beginning of June to the middle of October. Winter navigation vessels are escorted by icebreakers.
Description of the Dudinka port
The Dudin seaport is capable of takingbulk, industrial-food, technological, timber cargoes and oil products. From the city are exported nickel, selenium, cobalt, coal, sulfur, copper, scrap metal. The seaport is connected in a river way with the ports of Abakan, Lesosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk. The sea and river port of Dudinka is operated simultaneously.
The annual cargo turnover of the seaport is about one million tons, half a million of them account for commodity steel products, the other part for goods for the industrial region of Norilsk.
This is an international port. Naval vessels making international flights can ship cargo in the port of Dudinka with the registration of all the necessary customs and border documents on the spot.
The port of Dudin is equipped with 23 sea berths and9 river, in addition, there are 8 high berths used in the flood period. There is also a oil pier, built below the sea moorings along the Yenisei River.