Scandinavian God One
The odd figure of Odin occupies one of thekey places in Scandinavian mythology. A number of researchers argue that one way or another God participates not only in every epoch-making event, but also in most small domestic episodes of the epic of the ancient Vikings: One adjusts events, participates in them, or provides direct or indirect assistance to heroes, and often repairs obstacles to them .
The image of Odin is bright and colorful. The ancients gave him the features of an elder, but this does not give him impotence and wretchedness, but on the contrary - emphasizes his wisdom. On the wisdom of Odin, as they say, made legends. Even the characteristic external feature of his - one-eyed - he is obliged to desire to receive secret knowledge: by sacrificing himself with his left eye, the Scandinavian god One could drink from the magical source of Mimir's knowledge. No less expressive feature is a wide-brimmed pointed hat or hood, a semi-shadowed face that gives mystery to the whole appearance. Odin is escorted by sacred satellites: two crows-scouts, two guard dogs and a faithful seven-legged horse Sleipnir.
However, Odin, with all his appearance as a priest,is the patron saint of the warrior. It is curious that this function was vested relatively late, and originally the Viking warriors were solely headed by Thor. But with the growth of Odin's popularity, the number of his admirers wishing to see the wise god as their patron grew.
Ancient warriors believed that God alone was personally followingfor every battle and personally transmits the heroically fallen to Valhalla - a special place in the Scandinavian paradise, where brave men always feast with gods and ancestors. However, this belief is not unique, having parallels in many other pagan religions of the world of those warlike times. For example, in Peru this function was endowed with Perun, and Perunitsa helped him collect the souls of fallen soldiers to be sent to Irius.
God One also had a weapon - a spear in disguiseGungnir, capable of smashing the enemy without a miss. But, despite the honorary title of the patron of the troops, the presence of his own artifact weapons and a magical snow-white horse, Odin does not take part in the battles, does not lead the troops behind him. He acts as the inspirer, the keeper of military success, the guide of the lost souls. But always first and foremost follows his interests: in the epic of the Scandinavians, there are many examples of how One does not save the hero, but leads to certain death. This is explained simply - in anticipation of the day Ragnarok, when the gods and heroes have to clash in a fierce battle with the cruel giants, the wise One gathers under his wing the best of the best, so that they enter his heavenly army. This belief fits perfectly with the philosophy of the Viking warriors of that time that military success is impermanent, that death is not a tragedy, but one of the stages of the Path leading to the next life.
Helps Odin with the duties of Frigga, his wife. Judging by ancient legends, Odin's family is rather big: apart from Frigg, he has other, younger, wives and numerous children.
One, god of the mythology of the ancient Scandinavians, has notonly a lot of names under which was known to other European cultures of his time, but also many "twin brothers" in the cults of many other peoples. The Germans called him Vodan or Votan. In the mythology of the ancient Slavs Odin does not have a unique double, but you can draw parallels between him and Veles, Svarog, Perun. A number of researchers find some similarities between him and the Indian Shivva.