Rules of the fire regime in the Russian Federation. The fire regime is ...
The fire regime is a requirement thatThe state undertakes to carry out the owners of commercial and industrial real estate. This need is due to a sound assessment of the potential fire hazard.
The essence of the fire regime
Initially, it should be understood that the fire regime is a set of rules that are called uponprotect citizens from the risk of a fire, and provide for certain behavior of people if such an incident occurred.
Such rules have been developed for organizations andeducational institutions. They include the organization of production, as well as the content of buildings, territories, premises and any objects. Such principles of the organization are focused on ensuring fire safety in accordance with modern standards.
Approval of fire safety instructionsconcerning the various objects is occupied by the manager, company or organization. This function can also be performed by any authorized official.
With regard to storage facilities and those areas that fall into category B1 (fire hazardous), the conditions for organizing safety are determined separately.
Training of employees
Given the fact that the fire regime -it is a set of rules that need to be met, employees of the enterprise should be allowed to work at the facilities only after passing the relevant training necessary fire safety measures.
Such training, as a rule, has the forminstructing and passing the fire minimum rules. With regard to the timing and procedure for the conduct, they are set by the head. This training is based on the normative documents on fire safety.
Responsible for compliance with established rules
The fire regime also impliesduty of the head, as the appointment of a person who will be responsible for fire safety. For such purposes, a candidate of any employee who has the necessary organizational and administrative powers is suitable. It is better to give preference to the head of the structural unit. And it is worth emphasizing the idea that the head of the enterprise is personally required to conduct such an appointment.
In this case, an ambiguous situation is possible,the essence of which is reduced to the potential refusal of the appointed employee from taking responsibility for fire safety. In order to avoid such a development of events, the head of the company needs to initially review the terms of the employment contract, in which such duties of the employee should be spelled out. If necessary, you can always make the necessary adjustments. But according to the legislation of the Russian Federation, the employee must be warned about such changes in his employment contract and receive written consent for their introduction.
If you have to monitor the situation inpremises that are used to organize the work of more than 50 people, it makes sense to create a fire and technical commission. This will correctly distribute the load to the person in charge and fulfill all the necessary requirements.
Features requirements for large objects
The fire regime in the Russian Federation implies special requirements for those facilities on whose territory a large number of people work or are located.
The duties of the enterprise manager include the following:
- at least once in 6 months to conduct practical training of persons;
- draw up an instruction on the actions of the company's personnel during the evacuation of people in case of fire and familiarize employees with it;
- check the presence of electric lights (according to calculations one lamp for 50 employees).
As for managers of trade enterprises andorganizations, the rules of the fire regime in the Russian Federation provide for them one more obligation. It is about taking additional fire safety measures during various advertising actions, sales and other events of this format.
Rules in conditions of carrying out of public actions
When a particular room is used for corporate events, discotheques of various celebrations and other events, the owner of the used space must fulfill several conditions:
- ensure the duty of the responsible persons in the rooms and on the stage;
- inspect the premises before the start of the event to determine whether it meets the existing requirements.
It is worthwhile to understand that the rulesfire regime in the Russian Federation do not oblige the owner of the premises to personally carry out all the actions listed above. He can successfully delegate these duties to responsible persons. But such an employee must be a full-time employee or work in an organization at least part-time.
It is important to pay attention to the work of the company innight time. In this case, a special fire-fighting regime becomes urgent. The first requirement is the organization of round-the-clock duty of maintenance personnel. Moreover, the manager is expected to provide a daily transfer to the local fire brigade of information about how many people work at the enterprise within a specific shift.
To the head of the enterprise can be broughtand other requirements. One of them is the presence on the doors of the premises, as well as external installations of signs, indicating the category of their fire and explosion hazard.
It is worth knowing about the fact that it is the leaderthe responsibility for the timely elimination of fireproof coatings (coatings, varnishes, plaster, special paints), heat-insulating, flammable and finishing materials, metal supports of equipment, building structures, etc. is assigned. The quality of the fireproof impregnation (treatment) will also have to be checked.
The fire regime is a set of requirements, which implies some prohibitions. So, on the basis of legislation it is forbidden:
- to make glazing of those premises that lead to smoke-free staircases;
- to place stalls, storerooms, kiosks and various auxiliary buildings in elevator halls;
- use technical floors, attics, ventilation chambers and any other technical premises for the purpose of production, as well as storage of furniture, equipment and products;
- use and store flammable liquids, celluloid and goods in aerosol packaging in attics, basement and basement;
- install external air conditioning units on the staircases;
- to organize business premises and workshops in the basement floors and cellars, provided that the fire exit is blocked or absent.
It is not difficult to see that the fire-fighting regime is an actual and necessary measure that can preserve property and even people's lives.