Rules of hockey, with the ball. Hockey rules
Hockey is one of the three most popular team games. Today, he is watched by millions of viewers from all over the world. This is a very tough and contact game. Nevertheless, the rules of hockey make it spectacular and exciting to the last seconds. No wonder it is assumed that such a game is subject only to real men.
At the moment there are several options. The most popular is ice hockey. This is a traditional type of game when matches are held on ice. The washer is a rubber disc. Passes and punches are made with a classic club. A subspecies of traditional hockey is roller hockey. Here, instead of the usual skates used roller.
The next variation of the game is grass hockey. Here matches are held on a synthetic surface (artificial turf). The projectile is not a washer, but a solid ball of small size.A subtype of this game is considered indorhockey. The only difference is in covering the site - parquet is used.Ice hockey is very popular in Scandinavia. Here the projectile is a solid little ball. Subspecies of such hockey is Rink Bandy, which is held on a reduced size site.
Rollerkey is a separate variation of the game. It is extremely popular in Spain, Portugal, Italy and Argentina. The clubs are similar to the traditional ones, and the skates are roller quads.
Recently, floorball has also become popular. Matches are held in the hall, and played with plastic clubs. The ball is made of lightweight plastic materials.
Sledge hockey is a variation of the game for the disabled. Included in the Paralympics.
The rules of each type of hockey game are similar, but there are fundamental differences. This mainly concerns violations and fines.
This is a team game that is played on ice. The goal of traditional hockey is to fight the two sides on skates. Passing the puck between themselves with clubs, team members tend to throw it as many times as possible at the opponent's gate, leaving theirs intact.
The history of this type of hockey originates in Canada at the end of the 18th century. In those days, the participants of the matches attached to the boots of cheese cutters in order to better slide on the frozen surface of the lake. Initially the washer was wooden, but then it was weighed down with rubber and even metal inserts.
At the end of the 19th century, the first generally accepted rules of hockey were published in Montreal. Since 1904, this game began to rapidly move to Europe: France, Belgium, Britain, Switzerland, etc. In Russia, hockey became popular only by the mid-1940s. It is worth noting that the very first game of the Soviet team with Canada in Montreal ended in a crushing victory of the guests - 2: 7.
Matches are held on ice-covered grounds with dimensions: in length - from 56 to 61 m, in width - from 26 to 30 m. In amateur digits fields of 40 are allowed for 20 meters. The corners of the site should be rounded to a radius of 8.5 m.
Hockey rules determine the following gate dimensions:
- In a professional discharge, the design should be 1.83 m wide and 1.22 m high. The diameter of the racks is 5 cm.
- At amateur sites, the gates may have a width of 1.5-1.6 m, height - 1-1.12 m.
Also, international hockey rules describe the length of the front line. Depending on the competition, it varies from 2.44 to 3.6 m. Gate area is limited to a radius of 1.8 m.
Each player of the team must have special equipment, including not only the form, but also protective ammunition, especially for goalkeepers.
Rules: ice hockey
The rules of the game limit the team's bid for the match. Each party must have in the composition of from 20 to 25 people. At the same time, there may be 6 players on the court on each side, including the goalkeeper.
The duration of the match - 3 periods of 20 minutes. Breaks last for a quarter of an hour. If the game ends in a draw, a series of shootouts is appointed.
The rules of ice hockey are allowed to score a goal only to the main judge of the meeting. A shell is abandoned if it crosses the goal line. A goal is counted only after a club hit or a ricochet of a player.
Ice hockey, the rules of the game which allow tough power techniques within the field, is considered to be the most contact and dangerous sport on ice. Nevertheless, in the regulations most of the points are occupied precisely by fines for violations.Removal for 2 minutes is assigned to the hockey player for unsportsmanlike behavior, pushing an opponent to the board, hitting the opponent with a stick or hand, shifting the gate, deliberate horizontal blocking of the puck, delayed time, tripping. Such a fine is called a small.
Removal for 4 minutes is given to the player for injuring an opponent with a high-raised stick. The double small penalty is appointed in the event that the arbitrator does not see malicious intent in actions of the infringer.
A hockey player is removed for 5 minutes in the event that he deliberately overly harshly attacks the opponent. For an end kick, the offender player is disqualified for the rest of the match.
This alternative view, also known as bandy, is a winter team game. Matches are held on the ice rink with a length of 90 to 110 m and a width of 45 to 55 m. The size of the gate is 3.5 by 2.2 meters.The rules of hockey with regard to equipment and ammunition are similar to the regulations of the traditional type of game with the puck. Driving on ice should be skated. The goal of the game is the largest number of goals scored into the opponent's goal.
The first mentions of this species are dated to the 20th century BC. erA similar game at the time was extremely popular among the Egyptians and Aztecs. It was transferred to frozen reservoirs in Great Britain in the 9th century AD. er In Russia, the game with full regulations was imported by Peter I.
Rules: hockey on ice
The first regulations were written in Britain, where football was the main game even then. That is why the rules of ice hockey with a ball and soker are so similar. This concerns not only the size of the field, but many other nuances.
Players must pass the ball between themselves with clubs. The winner is the team that scored more than the opponent. In the starting lineup on each side should be 11 people. The number of replacements is unlimited.The duration of the meeting - 2 half to 45 minutes. If this is required by the regulations, then additional time is possible (2 periods of 15 minutes each) or a penalty shootout.
Ball hockey, the rules of which are similar to football, is not as contact sport as its classic variation. However, here the players are also removed for a certain time. The penalty comes into effect after the judge submits the violator of the corresponding card.
Official competitions are held under the auspices of the international organization FIH, which includes about 130 countries. The game gained great popularity in Holland, Spain, Germany, Ireland, Belgium, Australia, Argentina.Bandy, the rules of which were recorded in the official regulations only by the end of the 20th century, is considered the most combination variation of the traditional team game. In countries such as India, Malaysia, Pakistan and South Africa, it became a national treasure.
Rules: field hockey
The main and only objects pass and hit the ball are sticks. Any contact of the projectile with your hands or feet is prohibited, only the goalkeeper can do this.
The rules of the field hockey game represent something adjacent between football and hockey. Here the field has a length of 91 m, and the width is 50 m. The size of the gate is 3.66 by 2.14 meters. The shell is made of rubber and extruded sawdust. The diameter of the ball varies from 71 to 74 cm. The weight of the projectile should be no more than 163 g.
In each team, 11 players start the game. The match is held in 2 halves of 35 minutes. A goal is scored if the throw was made from the strike zone.Also, the hockey rules of 2014 define fines for various categories of violations: there are green, yellow and red cards. The first removes the player for 2 minutes, the second - for 5, the third - until the end of the match.